Bamboo Product Manual


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Bamboo Product Manual MP State Bamboo Mission
Bamboo Product Manual
Madhya Pradesh State Bamboo Mission
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Published by
MP STATE BAMBOO MISSION
MP State Bamboo Mission & CEO, MP State Bamboo& Bamboo Crafts Development Board Madhya Pradesh Government, Forest Department Khel Parisar, 74 Bungalows, Bhopal (MP) 462003
Tel - 91-755-2555520/24 Fax - 91-755-2555523
e-mail - [email protected] [email protected]
Website - www.mpforest.org/bamboo/index.html www.mpbamboomission.org
Copy Right
MP STATE BAMBOO MISSION - 2015

NID Centre for Bamboo Initiative

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Bamboo Product Manual MP State Bamboo Mission
Bamboo Product Manual
Madhya Pradesh State Bamboo Mission
Prepared by
National Institute of Design
Center for Bamboo Initiative
(as part of bamboo design training conducted at MP)
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About Madhya Pradesh State Bamboo Mission

Madhya Pradesh Government has been constituted MP State Bamboo Mission (MPSBM) with the ultimate goal of the Bamboo based sustainable development and entrepreneurship leading the creation of Bamboo Industry in the state of Madhya Pradesh.
MPSBM has been registered as society in July 2013 under M P Societies Registration Act, 1973. The society functions as the apex coordinating organization for implementation of the activities of the National Bamboo Mission in Madhya Pradesh.
One of its major objectives is to develop a new line of bamboo products by bamboo artisans for national and international markets, also to promote and facilitate traditional and nontraditional bamboo based artisans by developing their skills, increasing the supply of quality bamboo and availability of advanced tools and equipments.
Bamboo Products and Design Due to its woody nature, high-tensile strength, and flexibility, bamboo is an ideal raw material for use in construction and furniture making. Bamboo can be used to manufacture a range of high quality products, which are competitively priced in comparison to wooden equivalents.
Design plays an important role in all of these efforts, not just in the context of designing the products but also the systems that underpin them. Design decisions determine large resource flows, including that of materials and mechanical and human labor. In the end, the entire production to consumption system and its sustainability is orchestrated by design. However, most of the artisans working today

with bamboo do not understand the potential of design to contribute to social, environmental, cultural and economic sustainability.
Upon identification of this grey area, Madhya Pradesh Bamboo Mission decided to collaborate with National institute of Design (NID), Ahmadabad/Bangalore for implementation of a novel project ‘Design and Skill Development training workshops in Bamboo’ in the common facility centers of Balaghat, Sidhi and Harda districts of the state.
This project was an attempt to gauge the current skill level of the artisans and build upon their existing capacity by direct interaction with national level designers though a series of workshops. Bamboo Product Manual is a compilation of thirty three best products designs developed during these workshops.
Purpose of the Manual Bamboo Product Manual attempts to serve as a basic guide-book for bamboo artisans and enthusiasts who wish to take up bamboo crafts on their own. It gives a holistic view of the Basic Tools & Equipments and Process needed to develop contemporary designed bamboo products with step by step instructions and illustrative figures.
Considering the immense potential of bamboo for the socio-economic development of people as well as the innumerable benefits that it has for the environment, it is hoped that this manual will encourage the bamboo enthusiasts and craftsperson to take bamboo products development to greater heights.
Mission Director MP State Bamboo Mission

NID Centre for Bamboo Initiative

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Bamboo Product Manual MP State Bamboo Mission
Contents
Bamboo ...................................................................................................................................................... 1 Bamboo Species in Pradesh .............................................................................................................. 2 Basic Tools & Equipment and Process .......................................................................................... 3 List of general materials used in bamboo-based industries .............................................. 11 Bamboo product making ................................................................................................................... 12
1. Hanger-I ................................................................................................................................. 13 2. Hanger-II ............................................................................................................................... 16 3. Hanger-III ............................................................................................................................. 17 4. Tea Tray-I .............................................................................................................................. 18 5. Tea Tray-II ............................................................................................................................. 20 6. Fruit Basket – I .................................................................................................................... 21 7. Fruit Basket –II ................................................................................................................... 23 8. Lamp Shade-I ...................................................................................................................... 24 9. Lamp Shade-II ..................................................................................................................... 25 10. Lamp Shade-III ................................................................................................................. 26 11. Ash Tray .............................................................................................................................. 27 12. Tong ...................................................................................................................................... 28 13. Trivet .................................................................................................................................... 29 14. Memento ............................................................................................................................. 30 15. Dustbin ................................................................................................................................ 31 16. Jewellery ............................................................................................................................. 34 17. Baby Walker ...................................................................................................................... 38 18. Book Rack ........................................................................................................................... 40 19. Stool-I ................................................................................................................................... 41 20. Stool-II ................................................................................................................................. 43 21. Knock down Centre Table .......................................................................................... 45 22. Chair- I ............................................................................................................................... 46 23. Chair- II ............................................................................................................................. 48 24. Kids Bench ........................................................................................................................ 50 25. Rocking Chair ................................................................................................................... 52 26. Rocking Horse ................................................................................................................. 54 27. Seesaw ................................................................................................................................ 56 28. Study Table ....................................................................................................................... 58 29. Foldable Table ................................................................................................................. 60 30. Dining Table ..................................................................................................................... 62 31. Centre Table ..................................................................................................................... 64 32. Single Seater Sofa-I ........................................................................................................ 66 33. Two Seater Sofa-I ............................................................................................................ 69
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NID Centre for Bamboo Initiative

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Bamboo
Bamboo, the giant grass, with more than 111 genera and about 1575 species, occur in a wide variety of soil and climatic conditions around the globe and play a critical role in providing ecological, livelihood and food security to mankind. In India, although bamboos occur throughout the country, the largest area under bamboo is in north-eastern India followed by the Western Ghats. There are about 1500 traditional uses of bamboo broadly classified under household, industry, weapons, energy, transportation, fisheries, agriculture, medicine and construction. Recently, in East and Southeast Asia, especially in China there has been a rapid growth of bamboo industries. The major reasons may be ascribed to development of new products like laminated bamboo, parquet flooring, ply bamboo, bamboo composites and bamboo charcoal. Mechanization of the traditional sectors like bamboo shoots for food, chopsticks, toothpicks and bamboo handicrafts are other possible reasons.

Bamboo Product Manual MP State Bamboo Mission
Considering the large bamboo resources of India, which is second only to China, the potential for developing bamboo sector appears to be very high. In India, 136 species of bamboos in 36 genera are found to exist. The North East India holds the largest stock and diversity of bamboos. Next to the N.E., the West to other countries like China, Malaysia, Costa Rica etc. It is estimated that 8 million artisans depend on bamboo craft for their livelihood. The annual turnover of the bamboo sector in India is estimated to be around Rs. 2400 crores. By and large, this is a totally unorganized sector and bamboo has always been considered from the craft point of view and if otherwise for pulp making only. This craft has been practiced by the North Eastern States for centuries as their prime income source and, in the process, the weaving skills of the artisans had evolved to levels comparable with the craftsperson from more affluent societies like Japan, China etc.

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Bamboo Species in Madhya Pradesh

There are mainly two species of bamboo found in these clusters visited which are:Dendrocalamus strictus (Desi bans) and Bambusa bambos (Katang bans).
Bambusa bambos (Katang bans) The Indian thorny Bamboo, is a species of clumping bamboo native to southern Asia (India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Assam,etc). Culms: The fast growing, strong woody culms of Bambusa bambos have an average diameter of 1018 cm, and are between 20-30 m tall (although the tallest recorded culm measured 40 m). The internodes are dark green colored with very thick walls. Nodes are slightly swollen Culms are used for house construction, scaffolding, rafters, thatching and roofing, handicrafts and art objects, basket making, bows and arrows, furniture, floating timber and rafting, cooking utensils and fencing.
Dendrocalamu sstrictus (Desi bans) Also known as Iron bamboo or Calcutta bamboo in the West, A deciduous densely tufted bamboo. Culms 8-16 m high, 2.5-8 cm diameter, pale blue green when young, dull green or yellow on maturity, much curved above half of its height; nodes somewhat swollen, basal nodes often rooting, lower nodes often with branches; internodes 30-45 cm long, thick-walled. Culms-sheaths variable, lower ones shorter,

8-30 cm long with golden brown stiff hairs on the back, sometimes glabrous in dry localities, straight, rounded at the top. This species occupies 53 per cent of total bamboo area in India. Widely distributed in India in semi dry and dry zone along plains and hilly tracts usually up to an altitude of 1000 m., also commonly cultivated throughout the plains and foot hills. They are also growing in other part of Asia and Latin America.
Bamboo craft in Madhya Pradesh Bamboo had been one of the raw material used in villages all over Madhya Pradesh for various purpose like fences, gates, agricultural implements, baskets etc. Since its availability and ease to work with simple tools makes this material a very special and favorite among rural side. Bamboo also has been used to make the houses especially the walls. The flattened or bamboo slivers are woven and fixed with poles are very strong and stable to make walls. Some places a mud paste mixed with rice husk, cow dung etc. are applied on bamboo for smoother surface and thicker wall and also protect the bamboo from insect moisture and fire. The CFC’s of various villages are also been introduced with new products and they also makes their own innovated products. Various furniture and other lifestyle products are some of it has been produced in the villages.

NID Centre for Bamboo Initiative

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Bamboo Product Manual MP State Bamboo Mission
Basic Tools & Equipment and Process
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List of general tools/equipment used in bamboo-based industries

1. Measuring tape (5 meter / 3 meter) 2. Divider 3. Rightangle 4. Steel scale 5. Chisels (various sizes) 6. Hammer / mallet 7. Files (various shapes and sizes) 9. Cutting plier 10. Nail remover 11. Nose plier 12. Sheet / strip cutter 13. Bench vice 14. ‘C‘ clamp 15. Carpenter’s vice 16. Emeric stone 17. Dao (big knife) 18. Small knife 19. Spanner set

20. Screw driver set 21. Adjustable jacksaw 22. Hacksaw 23. Hand saw 24. Power hand saw 25. Fastener drill bits 26. Drill machine 27. Power drill 28. Various drill bits 29. Disc sander 30. Angle grinder 31. Gas cylinder 32. Gas blow tourch 33. Blow tourch 34. Hot air blower 35. Bending stand 36. Disc sander 37. Angle grinder

NID Centre for Bamboo Initiative

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Bamboo Product Manual