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Literary Elements
*I can define various literary elements.

Plot Setting Motivation Internal Conflict External Conflict Point of View Verbal irony Dramatic irony Situational irony

Symbol Allusion Protagonist Antagonist Suspense Mood Foreshadowing Flashback Central Idea Theme Falling Action

Climax 3rd Omniscient 3rd Limited Conflict 1st Person Exposition Resolution Rising Action
Indirect Characterization Direct Characterization

(Once upon a time…)
Plot: The sequence of events that take place in a story.
Exposition: sets up the story by telling background, setting, & characters
Rising Action: main part of the story where problems arise
Climax: point of greatest intensity; the turning point

Falling Action: contains dialogue & action that lead to a satisfying ending
Resolution: satisfying ending telling how problems are resolved
…and they lived happily ever after.

Plot Line

Rising Action

on g Acti Fallin



Time &
(It was a dark and scary night….)


Authors present believable characters by:

Indirect Characterization:

•character’s actions & words •character’s appearance •character’s inner thoughts

author reveals character’s personality through thoughts, words, actions, etc.

•character’s background

•what other characters think say about the character
•narrator commenting directly about a character

Direct Characterization: author tells reader about the character

Character Motivation
The reason a character behaves
in a certain way


é The struggle that takes place between two opposing forces.

EXTERNAL: (outside the character) ★person versus person ★person versus nature ★person versus society

(within the character’s mind) ★person versus self

Point of View
Who is telling the story?
★1st person: a character speaks directly to the reader & refers to him/herself as “I” -this allows readers to experience the thoughts and emotions of the main character
★3rd person: a narrator who is not a character & refers to all characters as “he” or “she”--this allows readers to experience the thoughts and emotions of several characters


What will happen next?

I can’t stand the suspense!

The author’s ability to make the reader uncertain or tense about what is to happen next.

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Literary Elements Powerpoint copy