Crop Production 05/12/2022


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Crop Production
ISSN: 1936-3737
Released May 12, 2022, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Winter Wheat Production Down 8 Percent from 2021 Orange Production Up 2 Percent from April Forecast
Winter wheat production is forecast at 1.17 billion bushels, down 8 percent from 2021. As of May 1, the United States yield is forecast at 47.9 bushels per acre, down 2.3 bushels from last year’s average yield of 50.2 bushels per acre. Area expected to be harvested for grain or seed is forecast at 24.5 million acres, down 4 percent from last year.
Hard Red Winter production, at 590 million bushels, is down 21 percent from a year ago. Soft Red Winter, at 354 million bushels, is down 2 percent from 2021. White Winter, at 230 million bushels, is up 38 percent from last year. Of the White Winter production, 15.7 million bushels are Hard White and 214 million bushels are Soft White.
The United States all orange forecast for the 2021-2022 season is 3.88 million tons, up 2 percent from the previous forecast but down 12 percent from the 2020-2021 final utilization. The Florida all orange forecast, at 40.2 million boxes (1.81 million tons), is up 5 percent from the previous forecast but down 24 percent from last season’s final utilization. In Florida, early, midseason, and Navel varieties are forecast at 18.2 million boxes (819,000 tons), unchanged from the previous forecast but down 20 percent from last season’s final utilization. The Florida Valencia orange forecast, at 22.0 million boxes (990,000 tons), is up 10 percent from the previous forecast but down 27 percent from last season’s final utilization. California and Texas orange production forecasts were carried forward from the previous forecast.

This report was approved on May 12, 2022.
Secretary of Agriculture Designate
Robert Bonnie

Agricultural Statistics Board Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

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Crop Production (May 2022)

USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Contents Winter Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2021 and Forecasted May 1, 2022 ............................................................................................................................................................................ 5 Durum Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2021 and Forecasted May 1, 2022 ............................................................................................................................................................................ 6 Wheat Production by Class – United States: 2021 and Forecasted May 1, 2022 ................................................................... 6 Hay Stocks on Farms – States and United States: December 1 and May 1, 2020-2022 ......................................................... 7 Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop – States and United States: 2020-2021 and Forecasted May 1, 2022 ............................................................................................................................................................................ 8 Peach Production by Type – California: 2021 and Forecasted May 1, 2022.......................................................................... 9 Almonds Production – State and United States: 2021 and Forecasted May 1, 2022 .............................................................. 9 Cotton Area Planted, Harvested, and Yield by Type – States and United States: 2020 and 2021........................................ 10 Cotton Production and Bales Ginned by Type – States and United States: 2020 and 2021 ................................................. 11 Cottonseed Production and Farm Disposition – States and United States: 2020 and 2021 .................................................. 12 Cotton Harvest Loss per Acre – Selected States: 2017-2021................................................................................................ 12 Cotton Cumulative Boll Counts – Selected States: 2017-2021 ............................................................................................ 13 Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units – United States: 2021 and 2022................... 14 Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units – United States: 2021 and 2022 ....................... 16 Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units – United States: 2021 and 2022 .................................................................. 18 Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units – United States: 2021 and 2022 ....................................................................... 19 Percent of Normal Precipitation Map ................................................................................................................................... 20 Departure from Normal Temperature Map ........................................................................................................................... 20 April Weather Summary ....................................................................................................................................................... 21 April Agricultural Summary ................................................................................................................................................. 21 Crop Comments .................................................................................................................................................................... 23 Statistical Methodology ........................................................................................................................................................ 25 Reliability of May 1 Crop Production Forecasts................................................................................................................... 26 Information Contacts ............................................................................................................................................................ 27

Crop Production (May 2022)

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USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

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Crop Production (May 2022)

USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Winter Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2021 and Forecasted May 1, 2022

State

Area harvested

2021

2022

Yield per acre

2021

2022

Production

2021

2022

(1,000 acres)

(1,000 acres)

(bushels)

(bushels)

(1,000 bushels) (1,000 bushels)

Arkansas ..................................... California ..................................... Colorado ...................................... Idaho ........................................... Illinois .......................................... Indiana ........................................ Kansas ........................................ Kentucky ...................................... Maryland ...................................... Michigan ......................................

145 80
1,880 640 610 270
7,000 350 160 560

160

58.0

55.0

8,410

8,800

80

82.0

59.0

6,560

4,720

1,600

37.0

31.0

69,560

49,600

730

71.0

91.0

45,440

66,430

660

79.0

75.0

48,190

49,500

240

85.0

76.0

22,950

18,240

6,950

52.0

39.0

364,000

271,050

365

87.0

80.0

30,450

29,200

140

79.0

75.0

12,640

10,500

425

81.0

79.0

45,360

33,575

Mississippi ................................... Missouri ....................................... Montana ...................................... Nebraska ..................................... North Carolina ............................. North Dakota ............................... Ohio ............................................. Oklahoma .................................... Oregon ........................................ South Dakota ...............................

70 490 1,730 840 345
60 515 2,950 705 720

75

59.0

51.0

4,130

620

65.0

67.0

31,850

1,900

31.0

39.0

53,630

900

49.0

41.0

41,160

385

56.0

67.0

19,320

90

33.0

47.0

1,980

460

85.0

76.0

43,775

2,400

39.0

25.0

115,050

720

45.0

61.0

31,725

720

38.0

45.0

27,360

3,825 41,540 74,100 36,900 25,795
4,230 34,960 60,000 43,920 32,400

Tennessee ................................... Texas .......................................... Virginia ........................................ Washington ................................. Wisconsin ....................................

330 2,000
120 1,690
245

330

71.0

76.0

1,300

37.0

32.0

150

67.0

63.0

1,800

42.0

67.0

220

75.0

70.0

23,430 74,000
8,040 70,980 18,375

25,080 41,600
9,450 120,600
15,400

Other States 1 ..............................

959

1,079

61.5

57.6

59,000

62,132

United States ...............................

25,464

24,499

50.2

47.9

1,277,365

1,173,547

1 Other States include Alabama, Delaware, Georgia, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Utah, and Wyoming. Individual State level estimates will be published in the Small Grains 2022 Summary report.

Crop Production (May 2022)

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USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Durum Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production – States and United States: 2021 and Forecasted May 1, 2022

[Area harvested for the United States and remaining States will be published in the Acreage report released June 2022. Yield and production will be published in the Crop Production report released July 2022. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

State

Area harvested

2021

2022

Yield per acre

2021

2022

Production

2021

2022

(1,000 acres)

(1,000 acres)

(bushels)

(bushels)

(1,000 bushels) (1,000 bushels)

Arizona ........................................

52

California .....................................

20

Idaho ............................................

7

Montana .......................................

635

North Dakota ................................

820

59

90.0

108.0

24

110.0

112.0

77.0

16.0

24.0

4,680 2,200
539 10,160 19,680

6,372 2,688

United States ...............................

1,534

24.3

37,259

Wheat Production by Class – United States: 2021 and Forecasted May 1, 2022

[Wheat class estimates are based on the latest available data including both surveys and administrative data. The previous end-of-year season class percentages are used throughout the forecast season for States that do not have survey or administrative data available. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

Crop

2021

2022

(1,000 bushels)

(1,000 bushels)

Winter Hard red ....................................... Soft red ........................................ Hard white .................................... Soft white .....................................

749,489 360,689
20,283 146,904

590,037 353,503
15,690 214,317

Spring Hard red ....................................... Hard white .................................... Soft white ..................................... Durum ..........................................

297,366 5,662
28,112 37,259

Total ............................................

1,645,764

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Crop Production (May 2022)

USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Hay Stocks on Farms – States and United States: December 1 and May 1, 2020-2022

State

2020

December 1

2021

2021

May 1

(1,000 tons)

(1,000 tons)

(1,000 tons)

Alabama ......................................... Arizona ........................................... Arkansas ........................................ California ........................................ Colorado ......................................... Connecticut .................................... Delaware ........................................ Florida ............................................ Georgia .......................................... Idaho ..............................................

1,800 300
1,800 1,640 1,700
30 10 520 1,210 2,500

1,550

300

180

20

1,700

240

1,200

220

2,000

230

38

6

10

2

460

60

1,260

290

2,350

410

Illinois ............................................. Indiana ........................................... Iowa ................................................ Kansas ........................................... Kentucky ......................................... Louisiana ........................................ Maine ............................................. Maryland ......................................... Massachusetts ................................ Michigan .........................................

1,000 800
2,430 5,000 3,825
660 150 290
60 900

950

270

900

150

3,120

430

5,000

910

3,750

950

640

160

105

21

275

57

34

9

1,100

190

Minnesota ....................................... Mississippi ...................................... Missouri .......................................... Montana ......................................... Nebraska ........................................ Nevada ........................................... New Hampshire .............................. New Jersey ..................................... New Mexico .................................... New York ........................................

2,240 1,050 6,000 4,800 4,200
400 36 90
210 1,000

1,460 1,000 5,700 2,900 4,650
490 42 85
240 1,700

400 170 1,000 970 1,000
90 5
10 40 290

North Carolina ................................ North Dakota .................................. Ohio ................................................ Oklahoma ....................................... Oregon ........................................... Pennsylvania .................................. Rhode Island .................................. South Carolina ................................ South Dakota .................................. Tennessee ......................................

1,120 3,700 1,300 4,100 1,600 1,410
4 400 5,800 2,930

950 2,100 1,400 4,260
920 1,440
5 450 3,300 3,000

190 950 210 1,150 290 275
1 125 2,200 570

Texas ............................................. Utah ................................................ Vermont .......................................... Virginia ........................................... Washington .................................... West Virginia .................................. Wisconsin ....................................... Wyoming ........................................

6,400 1,250
145 2,050 1,100
770 1,790 1,500

8,200 1,000
157 1,800 1,100
790 2,105 1,150

1,200 170 35 480 220 145 570 325

United States ..................................

84,020

79,016

18,006

2022
(1,000 tons)
240 10
260 280 580
5 2 75 190 530
260 240 720 670 980 180
30 66
8 270
330 180 1,100 450 1,250
52 5
14 30 550
150 520 360 600 220 340
1 80 1,090 530
1,600 290 34 280 180 105 630 200
16,767

Crop Production (May 2022)

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USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop – States and United States: 2020-2021 and

Forecasted May 1, 2022

[The crop year begins with the bloom of the first year shown and ends with the completion of harvest the following year]

Crop and State

Utilized production boxes 1

2020-2021

2021-2022

Utilized production ton equivalent

2020-2021

2021-2022

(1,000 boxes)

(1,000 boxes)

(1,000 tons)

(1,000 tons)

Oranges California, all 2 .........................................
Early, mid, and Navel 3 ..........................
Valencia ................................................

49,000 41,300
7,700

51,300 43,000
8,300

1,960 1,652
308

2,052 1,720
332

Florida, all ............................................... Early, mid, and Navel 3 ..........................
Valencia ................................................

52,950 22,700 30,250

40,200 18,200 22,000

2,383 1,022 1,361

1,809 819 990

Texas, all 2 ..............................................

1,050

350

45

15

Early, mid, and Navel 3 ..........................

1,000

250

43

11

Valencia ................................................

50

100

2

4

United States, all ..................................... Early, mid, and Navel 3 ..........................
Valencia ................................................

103,000 65,000 38,000

91,850 61,450 30,400

4,388 2,717 1,671

3,876 2,550 1,326

Grapefruit

California 2 ..............................................

4,200

4,100

168

164

Florida, all ...............................................

4,100

3,400

174

145

Texas 2 ....................................................

2,400

2,000

96

80

United States ..........................................

10,700

9,500

438

389

Tangerines and mandarins 4

California 2 ..............................................

28,800

21,000

1,152

840

Florida .....................................................

890

800

42

38

United States ..........................................

29,690

21,800

1,194

878

Lemons 2

Arizona ...................................................

750

1,500

30

60

California ................................................

20,100

23,000

804

920

United States ..........................................

20,850

24,500

834

980

1 Net pounds per box: oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85; grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; tangerines and mandarins in
California-80, Florida-95; lemons-80. 2 Estimates for current year carried forward from an earlier forecast. 3 Navel and miscellaneous varieties in California. Early (including Navel) and midseason varieties in Florida and Texas. 4 Includes tangelos and tangors.

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Crop Production (May 2022)

USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Peach Production by Type – California: 2021 and Forecasted May 1, 2022

Type

2021

Total production

(tons)

Freestone .................................................................

279,000

Clingstone ................................................................

226,000

Total .........................................................................

505,000

2022 (tons)

250,000 190,000 440,000

Almonds Production – State and United States: 2021 and Forecasted May 1, 2022

State

2021

Total production (shelled basis)

2022

(1,000 pounds)

(1,000 pounds)

California ..................................................................

2,915,000

United States ............................................................

2,915,000

2,800,000 2,800,000

Crop Production (May 2022)

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USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

Cotton Area Planted, Harvested, and Yield by Type – States and United States: 2020 and 2021

Type and State

Area planted

2020

2021

Area harvested

2020

2021

Yield per acre

2020

2021

(1,000 acres)

(1,000 acres)

(1,000 acres)

(1,000 acres)

(pounds)

(pounds)

Upland Alabama ............................. Arizona ............................... Arkansas ............................. California ............................ Florida ................................. Georgia ............................... Kansas ................................ Louisiana ............................ Mississippi .......................... Missouri ..............................

450.0 125.0 525.0
34.0 98.0 1,190.0 195.0 170.0 530.0 295.0

405.0 120.0 480.0
26.0 92.0 1,170.0 110.0 110.0 445.0 315.0

446.0 123.0 520.0
33.5 93.0 1,180.0 181.0 165.0 525.0 287.0

401.0 119.0 475.0
25.5 90.0 1,160.0 102.0 104.0 430.0 310.0

790 1,179 1,179 2,006
532 887 796 986 1,079 1,144

826 1,275 1,248 1,920
640 914 880 1,011 997 1,260

New Mexico ........................ North Carolina ..................... Oklahoma ........................... South Carolina .................... Tennessee .......................... Texas .................................. Virginia ................................

43.0 360.0 525.0 190.0 280.0 6,800.0
80.0

36.0 375.0 495.0 210.0 275.0 6,350.0
75.0

26.0 330.0 430.0 179.0 275.0 3,150.0
79.0

26.0 365.0 440.0 207.0 270.0 5,550.0
74.0

1,052 759 710 802
1,066 696 772

1,108 1,017
756 986 1,036 666 1,109

United States ......................

11,890.0

11,089.0

8,022.5

10,148.5

841

813

American Pima Arizona ............................... California ............................ New Mexico ........................ Texas ..................................

6.5 147.0
10.5 38.0

9.0

6.5

88.0

146.0

12.5

10.5

17.0

31.0

8.8

1,034

982

87.0

1,562

1,501

12.0

663

640

16.0

666

780

United States ......................

202.0

126.5

194.0

123.8

1,352

1,287

All Alabama ............................. Arizona ............................... Arkansas ............................. California ............................ Florida ................................. Georgia ............................... Kansas ................................ Louisiana ............................ Mississippi .......................... Missouri ..............................

450.0 131.5 525.0 181.0
98.0 1,190.0
195.0 170.0 530.0 295.0

405.0 129.0 480.0 114.0
92.0 1,170.0
110.0 110.0 445.0 315.0

446.0 129.5 520.0 179.5
93.0 1,180.0
181.0 165.0 525.0 287.0

401.0 127.8 475.0 112.5
90.0 1,160.0
102.0 104.0 430.0 310.0

790 1,171 1,179 1,645
532 887 796 986 1,079 1,144

826 1,254 1,248 1,596
640 914 880 1,011 997 1,260

New Mexico ........................ North Carolina ..................... Oklahoma ........................... South Carolina .................... Tennessee .......................... Texas .................................. Virginia ................................

53.5 360.0 525.0 190.0 280.0 6,838.0
80.0

48.5 375.0 495.0 210.0 275.0 6,367.0
75.0

36.5 330.0 430.0 179.0 275.0 3,181.0
79.0

38.0 365.0 440.0 207.0 270.0 5,566.0
74.0

940 759 710 802 1,066 696 772

960 1,017
756 986 1,036 666 1,109

United States ......................

12,092.0

11,215.5

8,216.5

10,272.3

853

819

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Crop Production (May 2022)

USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service

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