Content Analysis of National Digital Library


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University of Nebraska - Lincoln
[email protected] of Nebraska - Lincoln

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Libraries at University of Nebraska-Lincoln

November 2018
Content Analysis of National Digital Library
Medha Rajesh Mangurkar Mrs.
HPT Arts & RYK Science College Nasik, Maharashtra, India, [email protected]
Yashwant Chaudhari Mr.
M.Lib.I.Sc student,Dept. of LIS, HPT arts & RYK Science College, nasik, [email protected]

Follow this and additional works at: http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac Part of the Library and Information Science Commons
Mangurkar, Medha Rajesh Mrs. and Chaudhari, Yashwant Mr., "Content Analysis of National Digital Library" (2018). Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal). 1883. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/1883

Content Analysis of National Digital Library
*Mrs.Medha R. Mangurkar Assistant Professor, Dept. of Library & Information Science
HPT Arts & RYK Science College, Nasik-422005,India [email protected] ** Mr.Yashwant Choudhary
M.Lib.I.Sc.Student, , Dept. of Library & Information Science HPT Arts & RYK Science College, Nasik-422005,India. [email protected]
Abstract: The aim of the present study is to analyse the contents of National Digital Library. The objectives of the study were to find out the various languages covered, coverage of different subjects in National Digital Library. The study also tried out to find out organizations that have created their institutional repositories and provided links on National Digital Library. NDL is a one stop for all digital resources. The user according to his educational level can choose the learning material. The searches can be refined by choosing different options like type of learning resource, educational degree, file formats, languages etc.
Keywords: National digital library, institutional repository, digital library software, content analysis, digital collection
Introduction: The National Digital Library Project was launched in May 2016. The NDL project is supported by Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). The NDL is being developed by Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur, Kolkata. The mission of NDL is to provide education on 24x7 basis through Information and Communication Technology on a single window platform. The NDL provides access to digital content like books, articles, audios, videos, images, animation, stimulation etc. The aim of NDL is provide the digitized

material in all vernacular languages. The NDL avails filtered and federated searches to enable the users to find right kind of information with least efforts. It furnishes information right from a school goer to a post doctorate fellow, from a normal person to a differently- abled person. It is helping the student to prepare for competitive examinations and also a common man to become lifelong learner. NDI encourages contributors such as educational boards, government organizations, private institutions to upload their contents, metadata and enable them to access their data in the interest of the society. All the contributors have mandate to create Institutional Digital Repository (IDR) using digital library software preferably D space, upload their metadata contents on (IDR) following a uniform metadata standard. The NDL currently has more than 12 lakh subscribers and can also accessed through NDL app in three different languages English, Hindi and Bengali. To resolve the copyright issue, the NDL gives access only to metadata of the e-content and which is free from copyright.
Objectives of the Study: To analyse the various contents of National Digital Library. 2) To find out the different languages covered in National Digital Library. 3) To identify the different subjects available on National Digital Library. 4) To find out the educational degrees covered in National Digital Library 5) To explore the various organizations have provided access to their Institutional
Repositories. Research Methodology: The present study used content analysis method to analyze the contents of National Digital Library of India. To collect data the researcher used observation technique. The data is collected from the home page of National Digital Library website. (http://ndl .iitkgn.ac.in). The data is collected with the help of Browse option of home page of NDL during the period 22nd February to15th March 2018.
Literature Review:

Jagannathan( 2011.) have discussed about digital library projects in India. The authors have listed the digital projects , implementing agency and their current status of digital library projects in India. Koganuramath(n.d.) talk about an initiative of design and development of digital library taken at Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai. The objectives of starting a digital library are to improve the access of PG students towards digital collection.

McGinty(2009) explores the impact of digital technologies on the organisation structures of academic libraries. He discusses about structural changes like appointment of full time and supporting staff, changes in library budget, acquisition of digital collection and starting of new digital services by certain academic libraries in America .Nishita(n.d.) talk about the digital library initiatives taken at Physical Research laboratory, Ahmedabad. The author has also discussed about the current and future library plans of developing digital library services. Liu(2004 ) reviews about the construction, development, the challenges, achievements and trends of digital libraries in China. The variety of digital resources, the cost of digitisation, the standards and specifications are some of the pertinent issues highlighted by the author. Trivedi( 2010) has attempted to provide the functionality, usability and accessibility of digital libraries. Suresha and Kumar(2017) have attempted to describe the digital initiatives undertaken in developing the digital libraries in India.

Findings:

Table No.1 Analysis of Contents by Type

Sr.No. Contents

1

Text

2

Audio

3

Image

4

Video

Result(items) 15,003,149 216,925 56,986 24,244

Percentage 98.04% 1.41% 0.37% 0.15%

5

Presentation

547

0.03%

6

Animation

383

0.00%

7

Simulation

289

0.00%

8

Application

1

0.00%

Total

15,302,524

100%

The above Table no. 1 shows that there are eight types of contents including textual material.

The no. of text is highest among all the contents followed by audio material(1.41%) .

Table No. 2 Analysis of Content by difficulty level

Sr.No Difficult Text

Au Imag Video

Presen Anim Simu Appli Total

.

y

dio e

-

-

-

-

Level

Tation atio latio catio

n

n

1

Medium 5,758,34

441

5,758,78

3

(0.01%)

7

(99.99%)

(100%)

2

Easy

923

161

1084

(85.14%)

(14.86%)

(100%)

3

Difficult 70

(50.73%)

Total

68 (49.27%)

138 (100%) 5,760,00 9

Table no. 2 depicts the documents available in NDL according to the difficulty level. It is observed from the above table that the learning material is available only in three formats viz. medium, easy and difficult level. For medium level majority of material is in text form(99.99%). Same is the case for other two levels i.e. easy and difficult level (85.14% and 50.73% respectively).

Table No.3 Languages wise distribution

Sr.No. Name of language

Result

(Items)

1

English and Old English 1,531,225

2

Germanic(Teutonic)

331,432

3

Romance language-

325,161

French

4

Italian

66,202

5

Spanish and Portugese 65,760

6

Italic language-Latin

39,685

7

Hellenic language-Greek 7,722

8

Other Languages

145,773

9

Languages not mentioned 79,298

in DDC

Total

2,592,258

Percentage
59.07% 12.79% 12.54%
2.56% 2.53% 1.53% 0.29% 5.63% 3.06%
100%

The homepage of NDL mention that educational material is available in ore than 70+ languages. The researcher listed all the 200 languages alphabetically. Then the researcher further analyzed the languages according to the language schedule of DC and arranged all the

languages as shown in table no 3.It can be seen from Table no. 3 that majority of educational material is available in English(59.07%) and minimum in Greek language(0.29%). The researchers also found that there are some languages which are not found in DDC. Hence the researcher listed it under separate category(3.06%).

Table No. 4 Arrangement of Subjects in NDL

Sr.No. 1
2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10

Subject Computer Science, Information and General Works Philosophy and Psychology Religion Social Science Language Natural Science and Mathematics Technology The Arts, Fine and Decorative Literature and Rhetoric History and Geography Total

Result(items) 1,448,595
346,806 187,945 1,409,334 62,175 4,214,214
7,940,267 177,332 497,982 445,935 16,730,585

Percentage 8.69%
2.08% 1.12% 8.42% 1.40% 25.18%
47.45% 1.05% 2.97% 2.66% 100%

Table No.4 displays the subject arrangement in NDL. It can be clearly seen that the subjects are organised according to Dewey Decimal Classification. It can also be observed that maximum number of items are found in the subject Technology (47.45%) followed by Natural Science and Mathematics (25.18%) and the least number of items are found in the subject Language (1.40%).

Table No.5 List of Educational Degrees covered in NDL

Sr.No Education Text Au Vid Imag Presentatio

.

al

dio eo e

n

Animatio n

Simulatio n

Applicat ion

Degree

1

Ph.D.

79,896 - -

-

-

Doctor of (80.43%

Philosophy

)

)

2

M.Tech. 12,013 - -

-

-

(Master of (12.09%

Technology )

)

3

M.S.(

3,688 - -

-

-

Master of (3.71%)

Science)

4

M.Phil

1,120 - -

-

-

(Master of (1.12%)

Philosophy

)

5 M.Sc.(Mast 458 - -

-

-

er of (0.46%)

Science)

6 B.Sc.(Bach 392 - -

-

-

elor of (0.39%)

Sciece)

7 M.D.(Doct 391 - -

-

-

or of (0.39%)

medicine)

8 Diploma in 302 - -

-

-

Higher (0.30%)

Education

(UG & PG)

9 D.M.(Doct 232 - -

-

-

or of (0.30%)

Medicine)

10 B.Tech.(Ba 140 - -

-

-

chelor of (0.14%)

Technology

)

11 B.Pharm(B 127 - -

-

-

achelor of (0.14%)

Pharmacy)

12 M.S.(Maste 97

- -

-

-

r of

(0.09%)

Surgery)

13 B.P.T.(Bac 81

- -

-

-

helor of (0.08%)

Physiothera

py)

14 B.S.M.S.(B 76

- -

-

-

achelor of (0.07%)

Siddha

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Medicine Surgery)

15 B.H.M.S.( 68

- -

-

-

Bachelor of (0.06%)

Homeopath

ic Medicine

and

Surgery)

16 M.Des(mas 55

- -

-

-

ter of (0.05%)

Designing)

17 M.D.S.(Ma 45

- -

-

-

ster of (0.04%)

Dental

Surgery)

18 B.A.M.S.( 30

- -

-

-

Bachelor of (0.03%)

Ayurveda,

Medicine

and

Surgery)

19 M.Ed.(Mas 19

- -

-

-

ter of (0.01%)

Education)

20 M.Pharm

17

- -

-

-

(Master (0.017%

ofPharmac

)

y)

21

B.B.A

16

- -

-

-

(Bachelor (0.016%

of Business

)

Administrat

ion)

22 B.D.S.(Bac 13

- -

-

-

helor of (0.013%

Dental

)

Surgery)

23 B.U.M.S.( 12

- -

-

-

Bachelor of (0.012%

Unani

)

Medicine

& Surgery)

24 M.B.B.S.( 12

- -

-

-

Bachelor of (0.012%

Medicine&

)

Bachelor of

Surgery)

25 B.N.Y.S.(b 11

- -

-

-

achelor of (0.011%

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Naturopath

)

y & Yogic

Science)

26

Parma

10

- -

-

-

D(Doctor (0.00%)

of Pharma)

27 M.Med(me

8

- -

-

-

dicine (0.00%)

Master

degree)

28 P.D.F.(Post 3

- -

-

-

Doctoral (0.00%)

fellow)

29 M.B.A(mas 1

- -

-

-

ter of (0.00%)

Business

Administrat

ion)

30 M.P.T.(mas 1

- -

-

-

ter of (0.00%)

Physiothera

py)

Total

99,332

(100%)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table no. 5 shows the educational degrees covered in NDL. It can also been seen that for the above educational degrees the educational material is available only in text form. Maximum learning material is for Ph.D degree(80.43%). NDL covers educational material for traditional degrees like B.Sc. and M.Sc. and also for non-traditional degrees like Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Science, Unani Medicine and Siddha medicine. The above table alos reveals that post-doctoral degrees are also covered in NDL.

Table No.6 Institutional Sources wise analysis of Contents

Sr.No. Institutional Sources

No. of

Institutions

1

Indian Institutions(IITs, NITs, 104

IIMs, AIIMS, IIS, IUniversity,

Percentage 65%

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Content Analysis of National Digital Library