Essays of poets and poetry, ancient and modern


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Cornell University Library
PN 511.W29
Essays of poets and poetr
3 1924 026 943 310

Cornell University Library
The original of tiiis book is in
tine Cornell University Library.
There are no known copyright restrictions in
the United States on the use of the text.
http://www.archive.org/cletails/cu31924026943310

ESSAYS OF POETS AND POETRY-

PREFACE
It is needless to say that no one of the nine Essays contained in this volume has been written within the last two years and a half.
The earliest, that on the " Art of Translation," was first published as long ago as 1895, in the Quarterly Review, the others in the same periodical, or in the Monthly Review, at intervals extending over some ten years. The latest, that on "In Memoriam after Fifty Years," appeared in the Edinburgh Review early in 1906, shortly after the first, and separate publication by Lord Tennyson of this poem with his father's annotations. I had
hoped to have reprinted these Essays, as I am now
doing, in book form, before the present date, but delayed to do so, promising myself more opportunity of rehandling than I have ever found time
to accomplish. When in 1906 I became Vice-
Chancellor, all hope of considerable retouching in any near future entirely disappeared. I was confronted with the alternative of allowing them to wait still longer, or of reprinting them as they were, with such limited amount of revision as had been, or was now, possible.
I have to thank my old friend and publisher, Mr John Murray, for much consideration and
kindness added to that for which I was ah-eady
largely in his debt, and I must express my

vi

PREFACE

acknowledgments to Messrs Longmans for allowing
me to reprint the Edinburgh article. I am
indebted to not a few friends who, at the time
when the articles first appeared, or since, have
furnished me with valuable corrections or suggestions, notably to Dr Paget Toynbee, who read through for me the article on " Dante and the Art of Translation," both when it first appeared and
again in the proofs a short time ago.
I am further under much obligation to Lord Fitzmam'ice, who wrote spontaneously to tell me
that Gray's copy of Milton was to be found in his brother's Library at Bowood, and to Lord Lansdowne himself, for being at special pains to enable me to inspect this most interesting relic, which deserves more thorough study than I have yet
been able to give to it.
A word of sincere gratitude is also due fi'om
me to Professor Ulrich von Wilamowitz-MoUendorf for letting me use the long and interesting extract
from his letter on the article about Sophocles, an informal but, as I think scholars will agree, very valuable contribution toward our realisation of
that ever-interesting figure.
Finally, I have to thank Mr George Stuart Gordon, one of the junior Fellows of my College,
for most kindly reading through the whole of the proofs as they were passing through the Press.

T. H. W.

CONTENTS

I. Sophocles and the Greek Genius

.... II. Matthew Arnold
III. The Art of Translation IV. Dante and the Art of Poetry
V. Virgil and Tennyson : A Literary Parallel

VI. Gray and Dante VII. Tennyson and Dante

....

VIII. Ancient and Modern Classics as Instruments

OF Education

IX. "In Memoriam" after Fifty Years

FASE 1
u
85 134 172 217 243"
270 290

— Appendix Extract from a Letter of Prof. Ulrich von

Wilamowitz-Mollendorf

326

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Essays of poets and poetry, ancient and modern