National Atlas & Thematic Mapping Organisation


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NATIONAL ATLAS & THEMATIC MAPPING ORGANISATION
ANNUAL REPORT 2017-18
BACKGROUND INFORMATION:
National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organisation functions under the administrative control of the Union Ministry of Science & Technology (Department of Science & Technology), Government of India. The Organization is headed by Director, assisted by Joint Directors, Deputy Directors, Group-A officers, Group–B officers of Gazetted category, Group-B non-Gazetted officers and Group-C officers. A large number of qualified professionals including geographers, geologists, statistician, mathematician, software applicants prepare maps and atlases in this organization.
NATMO Documentation Centre and Library, including its remote sensing archive provide service not only to officers and staff members of the organization itself, but also to a good number of technocrats, professors, post-graduate students, under graduate students of geography use the library for books/CD, journals, topographical sheets, rare maps etc.
Thematic maps and atlases compiled by NATMO are the vital inputs for planning at various levels. The maps and atlases prepared by NATMO serve as visible tools to understand the changes and developments taking place in the domains of geo-environmental, political, socio-economic conditions in the country. NATMO’s most popular themes such as physiography, hydrology, climate, administrative, political, socio-economic, agriculture, industry, history, culture, tourism, archaeology etc serve as the basic tools for a wide range of users including planners, decision makers, researchers and students and the common public.
NATMO is also a pioneer organisation in urban mapping. Using high resolution satellite data rectified with GCPs (Ground Control Points) collected using GPS, are being used as base information for the preparation of large scale city maps. Essential data inputs are done through detailed field survey. To promote tourism industry tourist atlases, maps, trekking route maps, maps showing the detailed information on national parks and wild life sanctuaries are being prepared and updated.
The organization motivates the planners and decision makers to use maps as complimentary documents for development planning at national level, state/UT level and district and sub-district levels. District planning maps are being prepared to meet the planners’ demand.
The main objectives of this organization are :
• To prepare atlases and thematic maps • To collaborate with other central and state government organizations to meet their map
requirements. • To promote the use of geospatial information and technology in cartography • To provide training in Remote sensing, Geographical Information System, Global Positioning
System and Digital Cartography. • To publish maps and atlases for the benefit of various users • To carry out geographical researches.
To meet the broad objectives of the organisation, NATMO has identified the thrust areas of mapping, map services, cartographic and geographical researches with the following mandate:

a) Compilation of National Atlas of India in English and in Hindi b) Preparation of National Atlas maps in regional languages c) Preparation of thematic maps based on socio-economic, physical, cultural, environmental,
demographic and other issues. d) Automated mapping and GIS application for increasing efficiency in mapping technique. e) GIS, digital cartographic research f) Golden Map Service covering whole of India, especially, towns and cities. g) Development of digital cartographic data base for large scale mapping and service providing. h) Web-based map/atlas making and updating. i) Preparation of maps/atlases for visually impaired/challenged persons. j) Any other work as entrusted to NATMO by the Department of Science & Technology,
Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India.
MAJOR ACTIVITIES AND ACHIEVEMENTS DURING THE YEAR 2017-18
INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION: NATMO is always committed to successful completion of collaborative projects. At international level, for the first time, NATMO has prepared ‘India-ASEAN Archaeological Atlas from Satellite Data – Connectivity of Regional Culture’ in collaboration with Geo-Informatics & Space Technology Development Agency (GISTDA), the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand. The role of NATMO in successful completion of the Indian part is well appreciated by DST and GISTDA as well. The atlas has been released in Thailand on 3rd August 2017 (Fig 1).
Fig 1. Release of India ASEAN Archaeological Atlas by Dr. Anond Snidvongs and Shri Harsh Vardhan Shringla, Indian Ambassador to Thailand

EXTRA DEPARTMENTAL PROJECTS : NATMO has taken up an extra departmental project with Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vidyalaya (BCKV), to prepare Soil Nutrient Atlas of 14 districts of West Bengal. The project was aimed to complete in a short span of three months time. NATMO has completed the task very efficiently to the complete satisfaction of BCKV authorities. These atlases were released on the occasion of National Seminar on Nutrients and Pollutants in soil-plant-animal-human continuum for sustaining soil, food and nutrient security –way forward” held on June 9th to 10th at BCKV, Kalyani. Other extra-departmental services NATMO has given during the current year:
I. Map of Bushire Province and Iran Province on request of Embassy of Iran II. Mapping for Installation of Community Radio Station of the area around 15km radius of
Ramakrishna Mission, Narendrapur, West Bengal installation ACHIEVEMENTS AND AWARDS: Braille Atlas prepared by NATMO has been rewarded suitably by the Department of Science & Technology. NATMO received the prestigious award ”NATIONAL AWARD FOR S & T INTERVENTION IN EMPOWERING PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED” from the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India. NATMO Director Dr. Tapati Banerjee received the award from Prime Minister of India on 3rd January 2017 during the annual session of the 104th Indian Science Congress, held at Sri Venkateshwara University, Tirupati. This award is yet another milestone in the history of NATMO. The Braille Atlas has been released by Dr. Harsha Vardhan, Union Minister of Science and Technology and Earth Sciences, at Indian Science National Academy (INSA), New Delhi on 10th January 2017 (Fig 2). During the release ceremony students of different blind schools from New Delhi and Dehradun were gone through the atlas in presence of Union Minister, other dignitaries and Press Media (Fig 3).
Fig 2. Student attempting to read Braille Atlas before Union Minister Dr. Harsha Vardhan; Secretary, Department of Science & Technology, Dr. Asuthosh Sharma and Joint Secretary, Mr. Avinash Avasthi, Department of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India.

Fig 3. Release of Braille Atlas by Hon’ble Minister of Science and Technology and Earth Sciences, Dr. Harsha Vardhan
ESRI USER CONFERENCE AWARD 2017:
NATMO bagged the best Poster Presentation award for the year 2018 for the poster entitled "ARCHAEOLOGICAL MAPPING FOR GEOSPATIAL COOPERATION & TECHNOLOGY EXCHANGE–A STEP TOWARDS BOOSTING BILATERAL RELATIONS BETWEEN INDIA AND THE ASEAN COMMUNITIES". The User Conference was held at Hotel Leela Ambience at New Delhi from 13th to 14th December 2017 (Fig 4).
Fig 4: Mrs. Sonali Ghosh, RA receiving the award from Shri Asheet Makhija, President, ESRI India
I. TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES
A) NATMO’S OWN GEO-PORTAL DEVELOPMENT Initiative: Geospatial data generated in pieces over the years under several projects, is now to be made available in the public domain for 24 x 7 accesses by the users. Keeping this objective in view NATMO has taken up the initiative to set-up its own Geo-Portal.

Achievement: Technical Specification Committee (constituted by DST) has been working to achieve the
goal. Accordingly EOIs (Expression of Interest) are invited and NATMO received a total number of thirteen of responses. Selection of EOIs has been completed and issuance of RFP to selected bidders is underway. Release of RFP (Request for Proposal) is expected by January 2018.

B) GOLDEN MAP SERVICE (GMS):

Initiative: On the occasion of Golden Jubilee Celebration of NATMO, this project was taken up with the aim to prepare large-scale map of the cities and towns of the country consisting minute level information relevant to the available utilities, communication, and land use. This map is very much useful for the planners, architects and tourists as well.

Objective : a) Primary : To provide location maps of any site of the country in Black and white on web
either by place-names or by geographical co-ordinates.

b) Secondary : To provide route maps between two points in the country.

c) Tertiary : To provide a basis for a variety of social, economic, administrative operations related to elections, crime, rural marketing, relief and supply etc.

Achievement: In the current year following GMS have been completed.

1. Kulu Manali 2. Kharagpur 3. Ajmer 4. Kohima

5. Agartala 6. Jaisalmer 7. Medinipur 8. Ooty

C) DISTRICT PLANNING MAP SERIES (DPMS)

Initiative: As per the decision of DCUSPC, NATMO has been assigned this project by DST in the year 1992 and work on the same had been initiated in the year 2002 after formulating the detailed specification. Though this project was shared between NATMO and Survey of India initially, but later on NATMO has been assigned this project solely.

Objective: To provide a ready-reckoner to the planners, researchers, students in respect of complete geographical, geological, geomorphological, demographic, cultural information and features along with administrative boundary, blocks, specialty, etc. of a particular district both in paper format and in digitized format both in Hindi and English.

Achievement: NATMO has completed maps of 260 districts published for the users. Digital version of the maps are also going on in the final stage and will be published for the users very soon. However,

revision and updation work on account of formation of new districts, are in progress along with the rest project.

DPMS maps completed during this year are-

1. Godda 2. Purulia 3. Chamoli 4. Kollam 5.Kollam in Regional
(Malayalam) 6. Alappuzha 7. Indore 8. Vidisha

language

9. Ujjain 10. Nadia 11. Bolangir 12. Mainpuri 13. Thiruvananthapuram 14. Bhavnagar 15. Betul 16. Upper Siang 17. Tumkur (Reprinted)

D) NATIONAL ATLAS OF INDIA
Initiative: In the year 1956, the then Prime Minister of India, Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru approved the formation of National Atlas & Thematic Mapping Organisation (then it was National Atlas Organisation) and granted the 'National Atlas Project' to NATMO. Hence, National Atlas is the flagship publication of NATMO. Accordingly 'भारत राष्ट्रीय एटलस' first published in the year 1957 and its English Version, 'National Atlas of India' was published in the year 1986. Since then, this publication is being updated and revised keeping pace with the administrative changes in respect of states, districts etc along with conversion in digital mode is under process.
Objectives: I. To have India's National Atlas like the other countries of the world. II. To depict the country in respect of its geology, geography, geomorphology, demography,
culture, administration, etc. in thematic map form.
Achievement: National Atlas of India, both in English and in Hindi version, has been appreciated by the users of every corner. It is for the vertical demand of the users, NATMO is still publishing the editions of the Atlas till today and regular updation and revision of the same is going on.
Atlas completed during this year : 1. Socio-Economic Atlas (Urdu), 2. Cultural Heritage Atlas, second edition; 3. National School Atlas (Bengali), 4. Secondary School Atlas of Tripura

E) ATLAS FOR VISUALLY IMPAIRED (BRAILLE MAP)
Initiative: The visually challenged persons cannot use the traditional maps or atlases. Keeping the issue in mind, NATMO initiated the project to prepare Atlas for visually impaired in Braille script. Department of Science & Technology, Govt. of India provided financial support and approval for

the same. And NATMO become the first ever in the country to publish 'Atlas for Visually Impaired' in Braille script, depicting all the continents and with special emphasis on India.
Objective: To disperse the technological development amongst the people who cannot get it due to their physical disability, i.e. blindness. Publishing Maps and Atlases in Braille Script will definitely provide the utility of maps to the visually challenged person (Fig 5).
Fig 5: Braille Atlas of India
Achievement: 'Atlas for Visually Impaired' has been published depicting physical and political features of every continent along with special focus on physical, political features of India has been published both in English and Hindi Braille Script. Atlas of West Bengal in Bengali Braille Script, Atlas of Tamil Nadu in Telugu Braille Script has been published. Braille Atlas for other states of the country in concerned regional Braille Script, has been taken up as well.
Braille Mapping and Atlas compilation initiated by NATMO has been greatly appreciated and recognized by Government of India and it received the NATIONAL AWARD for S & T Intervention in Empowering the Physically Challenged. This publication has now become an eye opener for the visually impaired students and several requests from all the states are being received by NATMO. Accordingly as per the instruction of the Ministry NATMO has committed to make the atlas user friendly and to provide at least two copies of the atlas to all the Schools engaged in teaching visually impaired and low vision students. In this respect also NATMO has fulfilled its commitment in time with enough copies of the atlas for distribution among the deserving schools and libraries.
In addition to this NATMO has for the first time arranged a National level Map Quiz for the Blind Students in collaboration with Indian National Cartographic Association. The quiz competition was conducted at five regions viz., Kolkata, Chandigarh, New Delhi, Vishakapatanam and Hyderabad. The winners were rewarded during the occasion of 37th INCA Annual Conference held at Dehra Dun from 1st Nov to 3rd Nov. 2017 (Fig 6) . This programme received wide publicity and many other schools are requesting NATMO to get their students enrolled in such programmes.

Fig 6: National Map Quiz at Vishakhapatnam and New Delhi

NATMO has been receiving several requests to provide copies of Braille atlas in regional languages also. Accordingly action has been taken to publish Braille atlas in different regional languages including Hindi version.

Forthcoming publications: Braille Atlas of India:
Braille Atlas of Assam: Braille Atlas of Andhra Pradesh:

Assamese, Bengali, Oriya, Telugu, Tamil and Malayalam English and Assamese English and Telugu

F. RESOURCE PLANNING ATLAS :

Resource Planning Atlas has been initiated as a new project with the aim to create a sound spatial data on the disposition of various resources that could cater the information inputs for regional/spatial planning at district level. The project is supposed to be implemented at three different phases viz. 1. Data generation at district level i.e., in a scale of 1: 50,000, 2. Data generation at Panchayat/Block level at a scale 10,000 and 3. Data generation at a scale of 1: 4000 or even larger at village level.

Objectives: Major objectives of this project are 1. To map all type of resources available in a particular region (state, panchayat) 2. To map the socio-economic conditions prevailing in the area 3. To suggest viable and suitable action plans to overcome the issues.

district,

tahsil,

block,

Methodology: Base level information for the preparation of thematic maps will be done using satellite imagery of different resolution suitable to the scale of the maps under preparation. All other relevant data sources like, Census of India, GSI, CGWB, ICAR-NBSS, Economics and Statistics, State administration etc will be consulted.

Project undertaken : 1. Keonjhar District of Odisha 2. Churachandpur District of Manipur

G. OTHER MAPS:
NATMO publishes different types of maps at different scales from 1: 6 Million to 1: 2 Million scales with different themes. This year NATMO has introduced a new theme map on Medical Tourism. As a pilot study, NATMO has completed the Medical Tourism map of Kolkata. The map is a ready reference for the people visiting the city form different parts of the country or abroad for treatment purposes. These maps provide information on the various facilities available in the Health Care domain for any medical tourist visiting the city. The project shall be extended to other major cities where there is a large flow of Medical Tourists.
Maps completed during this year :
1. India Tribes 2. India Administrative Map (Hindi) 3. Jyotirlinga and Shaktipeeth, India 4. Medical Tourism Map of Kolkata 5. Water Resources, Southern India Plate
H. ONLINE MAPS/MOBILE APPS :
NATMO is committed to provide accurate information not only in the form of paper maps but also in web platforms. There is increasing demand for the NATMO maps to publish in internet for the benefit of the stakeholders. Keeping these things in view, a new attempt has been made to publish the map of Salt Lake with special emphasis on the services of Medical Shops to be made available online as web service and mobile apps service. Benefits of this project are manifold. People with internet facility can locate the medical shops nearby to them, they can get information regarding the availability of the medicines and also about the services like home delivery. For those on the move, information will be available through web apps that can be downloaded to their smart phones. Online editing and crowd sourcing will also be allowed to register users thereby helps NATMO to gather more data. This project proposed by NATMO has been tweeted by the Hon’ble Union Minister of Science & Technology Dr. Harsha Vardhan during his visit to NATMO on 3rd May 2017.
II. OTHER SERVICES:
1. TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT FOR S&T ADVANCEMENT OF THE COUNTRY NATMO also provides training on Thematic Cartography, Digital Cartography, Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and GIS, Aerial Photography, Colour Cartography to the officers and staff of various govt. and private departments, university and college teachers, scholars and students of the country. Training courses of NATMO are held in high esteem by scientific departments and organizations all over the country as well as abroad. During this year, NATMO conducted two training courses.
Accreditation: Process for obtaining necessary accreditation for commencing full-fledged degree and diploma courses on thematic cartography, digital cartography, photogrammetry in collaboration with Universities/Institutions is going on, guide and advice of Department of Science & Technology in this regard has been sought for.

2. LIBRARY & DOCUMENTATION CENTRE: NATMO has a very rich and well equipped library and documentation centre and Archive, where researchers and scholars can gather a vast ready-made data/information using the database and resources in the library and documentation centre (Fig 7). NATMO library has 22,216 books, 65000 maps and topographical sheets at present. About 550 teachers, research scholars and students get benefited from NATMO Library this year. This year NATMO has procured about 52 books on different themes such as Atlas on Climate Change, Atlas on Bengal, Urban Heritage and Development, Physical and Cultural Geography, Population Geography.
Fig 7: NATMO Documentation Centre and Archive 3. NUMBER OF PEOPLE GETTING BENEFITED FROM THE PROJECTS/SCHEMES: Millions of students all over the country, research scholars, teachers, professors are using NATMO maps and atlases. Recently NCERT has expressed interest towards school atlases and atlas for visually handicapped. These will soon be recommended by NCERT in school curriculum. Hundreds of scholars, technocrats, teachers, engineers take training in digital cartography, remote sensing, GIS, GPS technology application from NATMO so far.
III. FORTHCOMING PUBLICATION:
• Thematic Atlases: Goa State Atlas, National School Atlas, 5th edition, Students’ Reference Atlas, 2nd edition; and many more.
• DPMS: Vizag, Bagpat, Narsingpur, Sarhan, Unnao, Nayagarh, Davangere, Bolangir, Cuddapah, Mandi, Shajapur, Punch
• Golden Map Service: Tundla, Pudducherry, Murshidabad, Dibrugarh, Kurushetra • Monograph: Origin of Delhi City and Shaktipeeth
IV. INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COOPERATION:
Government of India, in its policy to strengthen bilateral relation with the neighbouring countries, has signed an agreement Geospatial cooperation and Technology Transfer with Kingdom Thailand. Accordingly a project entitled ‘India-ASEAN Archaeological Atlas from Satellite Data – Connectivity of Regional Culture’ has been completed (Fig 8) and the atlas was released in Thailand on 3rd August 2017.

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National Atlas & Thematic Mapping Organisation