Educational Profile of Karnataka


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Educational Profile of Karnataka :

As of March 2013, Karnataka had 60036 elementary schools with 313008 teachers and 8.39 million students, and 14195 secondary schools with 114350 teachers and 2.09 million students. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karnataka - cite_note-school-99 There are three kinds of schools in the state, viz., government-run, private aided (financial aid is provided by the government) and private unaided (no financial aid is provided). The primary languages of instruction in most schools are Kannada apart from English, Urdu and Other languages. The syllabus taught in the schools is by and large the state syllabus (SSLC) defined by the Department of Public Instruction of the Government of Karnataka, and the CBSE, ICSE in case of certain private unaided and KV schools. In order to provide supplementary nutrition and maximize attendance in schools, the Karnataka Government has launched a mid-day meal scheme in government and aided schools in which free lunch is provided to the students. A pair of uniforms and all text books is given to children; free bicycles are given to 8th standard children. Statewide board examinations are conducted at the end of the period of X standard and students who qualify are allowed to pursue a two-year pre-university course; after which students become eligible to pursue under-graduate degrees. There are two separate Boards of Examination for class X and class XII.

There are 652 degree colleges (March 2011) affiliated with one of the universities in the state, viz. Bangalore University, Gulbarga University, Karnataka University, Kuvempu University, Mangalore University and University of Mysore . In 1998, the engineering colleges in the state were brought under the newly-formed Visvesvaraya Technological University headquartered at Belgaum, whereas the medical colleges are run under the jurisdiction of the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences. Some of these baccalaureate colleges are accredited with the status of a deemed university. There are 187 engineering, 289 Polytechnic, 39 medical and 44 dental colleges in the state. Udupi, Sringeri, Gokarna and Melkote are well-known places of Sanskrit and Vedic learning. There is a women’s university as well as a kannada University in the state, apart from 3 agricultural universities. A veterinary university has been set up during 2009-10.

30 Revenue Districts of the State are recomposed in 34 educational districts. The thirty districts of the state are grouped into four Educational Divisions with headquarters at Bangalore, Belgaum, Gulbarga and Mysore. Besides two divisions – Belgaum and Gulbarga divisions are having Additional Commissionerates for streamlining of administration.

Division Districts

Bangalore

Bangalore, Bangalore (R), Ramanagar, Chitradurga, Kolar, Chikkaballapur, Shimoga, Tumkur and Davanagere. [09]

Belgaum

Belgaum, Bijapur, Bangalkot, Dharwad, Gadag, Haveri, and Uttara Kannada [07]

Gulbarga Bellary, Bidar, Gulbarga, Raichur and Koppal, Yadgir [06]

Mysore

Chikmagalur, Dakshina Kannada, Udipi, Hassan,

Kodagu, Mandya, Mysore and Chamarajanagar [08]

Administrative Divisions

1

Sl. No. Name of District
No. of Educational
Block No. of CD
Blocks Municipal Corporatio n/ Urban
blocks No. of revenue Villages/Wa
rds No. of Habitations No. of Panchayats No. of SMDC formed No. of members in each SMDC

1

BAGALKOT

6

2

BANGALORE RURAL 4

3

BANGALORE URBAN 9

4

BELGAUM

14

5

BELLARY

8

6

BIDAR

5

7

BIJAPUR

7

8

CHAMARAJANAGARA 5

9

CHIKKABALLAPURA 6

10 CHIKKAMANGALORE 8

11 CHITRADURGA

6

12 DAKSHINA KANNADA 7

13 DAVANAGERE

7

14 DHARWAD

7

15 GADAG

6

16 GULBARGA

8

17 HASSAN

8

18 HAVERI

7

19 KODAGU

3

20 KOLAR

6

21 KOPPAL

4

22 MANDYA

8

23 MYSORE

9

24 RAICHUR

5

25 RAMANAGARA

4

26 SHIMOGA

7

27 TUMKUR

10

28 UDUPI

5

29 UTTARA KANNADA 11

30 YADAGIRI

3

TOTAL

203

6

1

4

0

3

0

10

2

7

2

5

1

5

1

4

1

6

0

7

1

6

1

5

1

6

2

4

1

5

1

7

1

8

1

7

1

3

0

5

3

4

1

7

1

7

1

5

2

4

3

7

3

10

1

3

1

12

3

3

0

175

37

623 1298 693 1495 543 717 823 464 1102 861 1358 379 2117 407 4232 1360 393 1747 1149 1392 1324 1395 5284 636 2137 5284 2537 255 1149 676 43830

1340 1298 990 1942 1034 960 1614 1031 2045 4514 1799 1734 1288 542 564 1889 3470 988 721 2783 789 2351 2032 1434 2305 5284 4417 2406 6186 1134 60884

191 98 210 553 189 176 199 121 164 232 189 214 230 135 106 385 288 209 105 168 137 246 235 164 138 260 321 145 219 129 6156

157 63 134 284 161 156 137 82 107 116 111 161 155 101 108 265 240 136 47 119 143 213 223 181 105 163 227 106 122 119 4,442

1570 630 1340 2840 1610 1560 1370 820 1070 1160 1110 1610 1550 1010 1080 2650 2400 1360 470 1190 1430 2130 2230 1810 1050 1630 2270 1060 1220 1190 44420

Schools

 Elementary Education is provided in the State, viz, LPS with 1 to 5 standards, HPS with 1 to 7 standards and 1 to 8 standards, which also have 1 to 5 LPS attached to them. At the HPS stage, there are schools offering 6 and 7 standards as well as 6 to 8 standards only. In addition, 8th standard facility is provided to children in the high schools of the State for all children who complete the HPS in 1 to 7 and 6 to 7 standards.
 There is a separate State Based for 1 to 10 schools. There are 60036 schools with State Board. 25950 Government sector schools provide elementary schooling at 1 to 5 LPS stage only, and 34086 Government sector schools are at the HPS stage, which include LPS sections.
2

 When a count is taken of schools managed by the Department of Education (including those which are begun under SSA patronage), the schools of the Department of Social Welfare, schools run by Local Self Government Institutions, schools under government patronage for grant-in-aid (the private aided schools) which are all government and government aided schools. (Leaving out KGBV and CWSN schools), it is observed that there is a decrease/increase of 393 schools in the State. The increase in the private unaided sector is 972 schools. The decrease in State sector schools from 2011-12 to 2012-13 is around 0.69 percent while the increase is 6.27 percent in case of private unaided schools. [Source: State Analytical Report 2011-12 of U-DISE data and U-DISE data of 2012-13].
Management wise Schools, 2012-13

Category

Primary Schools

Upper

Primary

Schools

Elementary schools

High Schools

Total schools

Education Department 22105
22567 44672 4442 49114

Social Welfare 132
553 685 500 1185

Local Body 3
23 26 43 69

Aided 222
2586 2808 3557 6365

Central Other

Unaided Schools Schools Total

3486

2

0

25950

8259

78

20

11745 80

20

5576

71

5

17321 151

25

34086 60036 14195 74231

Graph 1

 Comparison of Number of Schools by Managements

 There are 60036 elementary schools in the State under diverse managements. 44672 schools, 72.32 percent, out of them are either managed or supported by government. 37170 schools, 62.41 percent are exclusively and directly managed by the government. Participation of the private unaided sector is higher at the higher primary stage within the elementary cycle.
 There is a net increase of 499 elementary schools (DoE) in the State during 2012-13 as compared to the figure of 2011-12. While 130 LPS of 2010-11 were upgraded (State-sector), there is a gross increase of 302 UPS from the previous year of which 130 are in upgraded category. The real increase of HPS is 172 schools.
3

 Location of LPS and HPS in the villages/urban areas is under diverse organizational structures. There are independent LPS schools in small habitations. LPS are also functioning and attached with HPS and high schools. This is true of HPS schools are also. Aided / Un-aided Madarasa are not counted among schools.

Year 2012-13 2011-12 + or −

Highlights of schools 2012-13 Vs 2011-12

Centra

SW +

Unaide l

DOE LB

Aided d

Schools

4442 543 3557 5576 71

4437 490 3335 5521 71

5

53

222 55

0

Other School s
5 8 -3

Total 14195 13862 333

 Notes : Significant Increase in Aided schools at HS stage.
 There is an increase of 333 schools in the State. This increase is accounted by growth of private unaided schools (+55) and Aided schools (+22).
1.4.5 Structure and Administration of Secondary Education
School is the fundamental and a foundational unit of an educational system. Number of schools is indicative of the size of a system. There are 70748 schools in the State of which 26254 are lower primary, 32041 are higher primary and 12504 are high schools. The ratio between lower and higher primary schools is 1 : 1.22 ; like-wise, the ratio between higher primary and high schools is 2.57 : 1.
Schools of the State are run by 17 types of Managements. Some of the prominent types are mentioned here.
 Department of Education  Department of Social Welfare
4

 Local Self – Government Institutions  Private Aided  Private Un-Aided  Others [ Jawahar Navodaya, Central, Sainik, NRI, Madarasas, Arabic, etc; are
included here].  Schools run by the Department of Education, Department of Social Welfare and by
the Local Self Government Institutions are classified as Government Schools. The enrolment among the SC and ST population is almost equal to the State average and shows a healthy trend. However, the gradual decrease in the numbers is a cause for concern.
DISTRICT – WISE SCHOOLS

Educatio n Departm ent Socia l Welfare Loca l Bady Aided Un Aided Centra l Others Total

District BANGALORE RURAL BANGALORE U NORTH BANGALORE U SOUTH CHIKKABALLAPURA CHITRADURGA DAVANAGERE KOLAR RAMANAGARA SHIMOGA TUMKUR TUMKUR MADHUGIRI BANGALORE Division Total BAGALKOT BELGAUM BELGAUM CHIKKODI BIJAPUR DHARWAD GADAG HAVERI UTTARA KANNADA UTTARA KANNADA SIRSI BELGAUM Division Total BELLARY BIDAR GULBARGA KOPPAL RAICHUR YADAGIRI GULBARGA Division Total

62 54 80 107 111 156 120 105 163 133 94 1185 157 126 158 137 101 108 136 49 73 1045 161 156 263 143 181 119 1023

CHAMARAJANAGARA

82

4

0

39

104 1

0

210

3

14

148 697 7

2

925

4

17

152 944 3

0

1200

13

0

37

112 1

0

270

19

0

190 97

1

0

418

19

0

178 142 1

0

496

15

0

55

131 2

0

323

19

0

71

82

0

0

277

16

0

139 137 1

0

456

14

0

200 132 2

0

481

14

0

98

59

0

0

265

140

31

1307 2637 19

2

5321

17

0

118 104 2

1

399

10

2

189 111 5

0

443

19

1

155 172 1

0

506

16

0

195 135 3

0

486

11

4

125 141 4

0

386

10

2

89

72

1

0

282

18

2

148 84

1

0

389

4

0

87

43

2

0

185

8

0

59

30

2

0

172

113

11

1165 892 21

1

3248

25

0

87

195 4

1

473

13

0

115 192 2

0

478

28

0

98

305 2

0

696

16

0

26

78

3

0

266

21

0

33

152 2

0

389

16

0

15

50

0

0

200

119

0

374 972 13

1

2502

13

0

41

66

2

5

0

204

CHIKKAMANGALORE DAKSHINA KANNADA HASSAN KODAGU MANDYA MYSORE UDUPI MYSORE Division Total State Total

116 161 240 47 213 224 106 1189 4442

20

0

115 75

2

0

328

10

0

117 225 3

0

516

26

0

127 139 2

0

534

6

0

50

66

3

1

173

23

0

69

132 1

0

438

25

1

122 272 4

0

648

5

0

70

100 1

0

282

128

1

711 1075 18

1

3123

500

43

3557 5576 71

5

14194

Size of Enrolments:-
There are 1666548 children in 9th & 10th standards studying in 14195 schools of the State under all managements. There are 864053 boys as compared to 802495 girls in these 16.65 million children. Proportion of boys to girls is 51.90 to 48.10 percent. It cannot be 50:50 as there is an imbalance in sex-ratios everywhere. In Karnataka, it is 940; that is 940 women for every 1000 men.

Proportion of children in the schools funded by the Department of Education to total enrolments is 41 percent. Further it is to be noted that outside the Department of Education, in the State sector, there is enrolment in schools of the Department of Social Welfare, the Local Self Government, Institutions and the KGBV schools.

3.4. Enrolment

With the increase in GER and TR from Standard VIII to Standard IX and with effect implementation of new interventions by RMSA, the State has reached out to nearly all children of secondary school age. Sex ratio in Secondary School Enrolment is also quite conducive.

Sl.No 1 2 3 4 5 6

Year 2012-13 2011-12 2010-11 2009-10 2008-09 2007-08

Enrolment (Secondary) Boys Girls Total 864053 802495 1666548 848467 794486 1642953 849224 787071 1636295 845972 783919 1629891 810049 747660 1557709 808755 743692 155244

% Increase/decrease

Boys Girls Total

1.84 1.01 1.44

-0.09 0.94 0.41

0.38 0.4

0.39

4.43 4.85 4.63

0.16 0.53 0.34

6

The enrolment among the SC and ST population is almost equal to the State average and shows a healthy trend. However, the gradual decrease in the numbers is a cause for concern.

Table -3.5 District wise Enrolment in Class 9 &10 standard

District Name BAGALKOT BANGALORE RURAL

SC Boys 8,897 6,407

BANGALORE URBAN BELGAUM BELLARY BIDAR BIJAPUR CHAMARAJANAGARA CHIKKABALLAPURA CHIKKAMANGALORE CHITRADURGA DAKSHINA KANNADA DAVANAGERE DHARWAD

40,157 17,603 12,264 12,201 13,965 7,263 9,270 7,568 12,415 4,430 11,186 5,926

Enrolment in Class 9 &10 standard ST

Girls 6,792 5,905
39,386 14,946 8,847 10,937 9,872 7,090 8,960 7,708 11,300 4,946 10,063 5,100

Total 15,689 12,312
79,543 32,549 21,111 23,138 23,837 14,353 18,230 15,276 23,715 9,376 21,249 11,026

Boys 2,589 1,957 5,419
8,651 11,157 6,900 1,357 2,666 4,968 1,510 8,949 2,511 6,753 2,676

Girls 1,974 1,545 6,493
6,471 8,304 6,643 883 2,506 4,516 1,609 8,389 2,522 6,710 2,534

Total 4,563 3,502 11,912
15,122 19,461 13,543 2,240 5,172 9,484 3,119 17,338 5,033 13,463 5,210

Total
Boys 11,486 8,364 45,576
26,254 23,421 19,101 15,322 9,929 14,238 9,078 21,364 6,941 17,939 8,602

Girls 8,766 7,450 45,879
21,417 17,151 17,580 10,755 9,596 13,476 9,317 19,689 7,468 16,773 7,634

Total 20,252 15,814 91,455
47,671 40,572 36,681 26,077 19,525 27,714 18,395 41,053 14,409 34,712 16,236

7

GADAG GULBARGA HASSAN HAVERI KODAGU KOLAR KOPPAL MANDYA MYSORE RAICHUR RAMANAGARA SHIMOGA TUMKUR UDUPI UTTARA KANNADA YADAGIRI Total

4,457 17,835 11,119 5,699 2,407 14,627 5,710 7,512 15,970 9,833 5,846 8,687 17,391 2,208 3,598 5,567 308,018

3,483 13,570 10,863 5,063 2,601 13,833 4,193 7,420 16,656 6,763 5,656 8,835 15,167 2,308 3,425 2,896 274,584

7,940 31,405 21,982 10,762 5,008 28,460 9,903 14,932 32,626 16,596 11,502 17,522 32,558 4,516 7,023 8,463 582,602

1,942 1,407 927 3,865 1,040 2,642 4,151 830 9,277 6,604 634 1,952 6,832 1,614 876 2,219 114,875

1,771 1,027 914 3,991 1,102 2,410 3,509 636 8,705 4,552 470 2,020 6,311 1,586 1,019 1,434 102,556

3,713 2,434 1,841 7,856 2,142 5,052 7,660 1,466 17,982 11,156 1,104 3,972 13,143 3,200 1,895 3,653 217,431

6,399 19,242 12,046 9,564 3,447 17,269 9,861 8,342 25,247 16,437 6,480 10,639 24,223 3,822 4,474 7,786 422,893

5,254 14,597 11,777 9,054 3,703 16,243 7,702 8,056 25,361 11,315 6,126 10,855 21,478 3,894 4,444 4,330 377,140

11,653 33,839 23,823 18,618 7,150 33,512 17,563 16,398 50,608 27,752 12,606 21,494 45,701 7,716 8,918 12,116 800,033

3.6. Gross Enrolment Ratio [GER]:

The State Gross Enrolment Ratio at the Secondary Level in the year 2011-12 [GER] is 85.65, whereas the SC GER is 70.71, ST GER is 71.37. BANGALORE URBAN & MYSORE District show the highest GER as 184.71, 134.01. Which is higher than the State GER. Raichur District shows the lowest GER as 56.69.

Table-3.6

All community

SC

ST

Year

Boys Girls Total B

G

T

B

G

T

2012-13 2011-12

84.23 85.20

84.86 86.13

84.54 85.65

71.18 70.45

71.13 70.99

71.16 70.71

67.70 72.81

66.02 69.79

66.92 71.37

2010-11 80.90 81.99 81.42 68.51 69.74 69.09 68.69 66.76 67.77

2009-10 75.14 75.46 75.29 67.05 66.51 66.80 63.99 59.94 62.07

2008-09 72.15 67.39 69.77 64.23 62.15 63.24 61.85 57.86 59.95

2007-08 67.43 62.57 65.00

2006-07 65.22 58.78 62.00

8

Table-3.7

District wise GER in Class 9 &10 standard-2012-13

S.

GER

No. Block Name

All community

SC

B

G

T

B

1 BAGALKOT

74.41 67.14 70.90 63.90

2 BANGALORE RURAL

78.00 76.84 77.44 72.57

3 BANGALORE URBAN

185.77 193.93 189.80 127.29

4 BELGAUM

78.74 75.67 77.27 65.19

5 BELLARY

106.87 94.82 101.09 85.79

6 BIDAR

61.45 64.48 62.93 51.30

7 BIJAPUR

69.63 61.24 65.69 57.75

8 CHAMARAJANAGARA

78.98 84.26 81.48 81.99

9 CHIKKABALLAPURA

75.86 75.18 75.53 70.77

10 CHIKKAMANGALORE

88.07 91.27 89.61 74.62

11 CHITRADURGA

76.97 77.89 77.42 70.76

12 DAKSHINA KANNADA 89.63 93.03 91.26 67.55

13 DAVANAGERE

88.01 88.67 88.34 77.79

14 DHARWAD

78.65 77.98 78.33 53.41

15 GADAG

75.78 77.39 76.61 49.67

16 GULBARGA

69.41 69.51 69.45 61.95

17 HASSAN

93.23 102.73 97.79 81.94

18 HAVERI

72.02 74.91 73.44 63.24

19 KODAGU

94.62 106.05 100.02 75.82

20 KOLAR

74.25 75.69 74.96 75.20

21 KOPPAL

55.49 53.37 54.49 46.48

22 MANDYA

80.53 83.87 82.12 76.15

23 MYSORE

135.07 139.83 137.37 111.66

24 RAICHUR

41.75 39.23 40.57 38.19

25 RAMANAGARA

86.33 89.68 87.96 86.79

26 SHIMOGA

80.13 81.72 80.89 68.17

27 TUMKUR

86.55 84.82 85.73 82.95

28 UDUPI

94.23 96.22 95.20 76.61

29 UTTARA KANNADA

77.06 80.27 78.61 65.60

30 YADAGIRI

42.96 37.71 40.58 41.42

District Total

84.23 84.86 84.54 71.18

G 55.29 70.00 132.75 61.57 70.53 55.44 50.02 91.18 69.39 81.91 68.58 78.19 74.83 51.14 45.49 55.16 95.20 59.48 97.38 73.32 42.73 75.99 121.06 32.17 86.62 70.88 78.91 84.73 68.99 32.68 71.13

T 59.89 71.32 130.04 63.47 78.60 53.26 54.28 86.26 70.09 78.13 69.69 72.76 76.35 52.33 47.71 58.83 88.04 61.43 85.88 74.27 44.80 76.02 116.25 35.45 86.68 69.45 81.02 80.61 67.27 37.78 71.16

ST B 64.82 82.15 103.25 58.69 98.77 61.59 94.79 67.98 70.23 77.56 71.95 85.97 80.38 60.97 60.76 54.64 74.64 69.03 57.46 60.49 50.11 56.08 104.86 32.71 76.02 79.41 76.63 80.14 56.96 45.51 67.70

G 48.30 70.72 126.20 49.61 86.77 62.14 72.05 70.59 73.22 88.46 69.67 77.76 78.58 50.54 68.39 55.60 64.64 77.41 71.10 61.04 46.33 44.66 111.45 26.73 59.95 80.67 75.91 84.54 66.67 39.35 66.02

T 56.77 76.68 114.50 54.38 93.20 61.86 84.35 69.35 71.56 82.82 70.84 81.65 79.50 55.82 64.23 55.12 69.64 73.13 63.60 60.76 48.30 50.83 108.01 30.01 68.40 79.98 76.30 82.22 61.92 42.42 66.92

3.8 Net Enrolment Ratio [NER]:

Sl.No. Year

All community Boys

1

2012-13

2

2011-12

3

2010-11

4

2009-10

5

2008-09

6

2007-08

7

2006-07

69.17 65.58 58.39 44.51 38.77

9

Girls
69.44 65.97 58.55 45.69 39.33

Total
69.30 65.76 58.47 45.07 39.03

District wise NER in Class 9 &10 standard Table-3.9

Sl. District
No.
1 BAGALKOT 2 BANGALORE RURAL 3 BANGALORE URBAN 4 BELGAUM 5 BELLARY 6 BIDAR 7 BIJAPUR 8 CHAMARAJANAGARA 9 CHIKKABALLAPURA 10 CHIKKAMANGALORE 11 CHITRADURGA 12 DAKSHINA 13 KDANVNAANDAAGERE 14 DHARWAD 15 GADAG 16 GULBARGA 17 HASSAN 18 HAVERI 19 KODAGU 20 KOLAR 21 KOPPAL 22 MANDYA 23 MYSORE 24 RAICHUR 25 RAMANAGARA 26 SHIMOGA 27 TUMKUR 28 UDUPI 29 UTTARA KANNADA 30 YADAGIRI Total

2012-13

All community

B

G

50.25 44.25

64.00 61.47

167.49 174.63

66.72 63.34

79.80 68.46

39.27 39.66

55.80 49.01

76.54 80.56

73.29 73.05

84.40 87.54

54.61 54.83

79.95 84.75

55.89 55.37

58.80 58.02

53.56 54.40

61.00 61.16

61.43 66.66

50.62 53.25

89.75 101.73

71.22 72.21

39.10 36.66

79.27 82.57

92.19 94.31

38.40 35.42

83.63 87.29

75.03 76.34

61.98 58.98

73.25 74.98

65.75 69.78

35.24 31.20

69.17 69.44

T 47.35 62.79 171.02 65.11 74.35 39.47 52.61 78.44 73.17 85.91 54.72 82.26 55.64 58.42 54.00 61.07 63.94 51.91 95.41 71.71 37.95 80.85 93.21 37.01 85.41 75.65 60.56 74.10 67.70 33.41 69.30

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Educational Profile of Karnataka