The Christian Life

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The Christian Life
1. The Bible – The Word of God 2. God 3. Jesus Christ – The Son of God 4. The Holy Spirit 5. Sin 6. Judgments 7. Rewards 8. The Church 9. Prayer 10. Faith 11. The Abundant Life 12. Repentance 13. The New Birth 14. God’s Plan of Salvation 15. How to Witness Effectively
Authored by: Porter Barrington

Bible Study Outlines
These Bible studies are based on:
The Christian Life ————
Compiled by Porter Barrington
This work is published in conjunction with The Holy Bible, New King James Version – Copyright 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
The Bible is the most important book ever written. It is God’s written Word to man. The New Testament tells about the Lord Jesus Christ, Himself. It tells of His birth, His death, and His resurrection.
These outlines have been put together by Porter Barrington, who has been an evangelistic pastor all of his adult life. The Word of God has been at the heart of his entire ministry.
The Christian Life Study Outlines and Notes are the amplification of a ministry of over 35 years, both in the pastorate and in the field of teaching and evangelism. These lessons by Porter Barrington on the Great Doctrines of the Bible are simple without being ordinary, short without being shallow, brief without being dwarfed, positive without being over-formal and comprehensive without being complicated.
They were produced to fill a need in the life of the average Christian, to provide an incentive to know more of God’s Holy Word. If diligently studied, they will help to establish you in the faith and give you spiritual confidence.
It is suggested that you study the Master Outlines in the order given; one each day for fifteen days, and at the end of fifteen days, you will know more about the New Testament than you ever thought possible. This study is equal to an advanced course in Systematic Theology. If you review these lessons often, you will continue to grow in the knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

Outline One: The Bible
The Bible is The Word of God
It is important for a new or renewed Christian to start right; therefore, the first lesson is designed to help establish your faith in the Bible, for it IS the word of God. Keep in mind that the Bible is not a book of philosophy, although it is philosophical. Do not go to the Bible for a scientific argument. However, there is no discrepancy between ascertained facts of science and the Bible. The Bible is not a book of history, but is found to be accurate when recording history. The Bible was given to us from God, revealing Jesus Christ, the Son of God, and God the Son, the only Savior John 14:6. He is the center and the circumference. It is Christ from Genesis to Revelation John 5:39.
The Bible is as high above all other books as the heavens are above the earth. Someone has said of the Bible: “Read it to be wise, believe it to be safe and practice it to be right.”
1 The Bible claims to be the inspired word of God – (II Timothy 3:16-17): 16) “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, 17) that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.”
Note: “All scripture is given by inspiration of God.” Upon this statement of fact, evangelical Christianity stands. The Bible claims to be the inspired Word of God. By “inspiration” we mean that the Holy Spirit exerted His supernatural influence upon the writers of the Bible. The writings were inspired – not necessarily the writers, for the Bible nowhere claims to have been written by inspired men.
1) The Holy Spirit is the author of the Bible (II Peter 1:21). Christ told His disciples that he would leave “many things’ unrevealed, and that the Holy Spirit would come and choose certain persons and through them reveal His perfect will unto man; and that the Holy Spirit would be the believer’s teacher (John 16:12-15).
2) Man is the instrument used by the Holy Spirit to write the Bible 3) Results: the infallible Word of God. Therefore, the Bible is free from error and
absolutely trustworthy. (Psalm 119:89 and Matthew 24:35)
2 The Bible is a difficult book (I Corinthians 2:14-16): 14) “But the natural man does not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; nor can he

know them, because they are spiritually discerned. 15) But he who is spiritual judges all things, yet he himself is rightly judged by no one. 16) For “who has known the mind of the Lord that he may instruct Him?” But we have the mind of Christ.”
Notes: The Bible is a difficult book because it came from the infinite to the finite – from the unlimited, all powerful God, to limited man. Therefore, you cannot understand the Bible as you would understand the writings of Plato or Socrates. You can study the great philosophers with the natural mind, and by diligent application, grasp their profound meanings. If the Bible could be understood by natural man, it would be a natural book and could not be the Word of God. Since the Bible is from God, and therefore spiritual, before you can receive its teachings, you must be born of the Spirit John 3:6 and filled with the Spirit Ephesians 5:18. Always approach the Bible praying that the Spirit will be your teacher and will guide you to a better understanding of His Holy Word, or it will remain a difficult, closed book (John 16:12-15).
3 The Bible is a book of oneness (2 Peter 1:21): 21) “for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.”
Notes: The oneness or unity of the Bible is a miracle. It is a library of 66 books, written by over 35 different authors, in a period of approximately 1,500 years. Represented in the authors is a cross section of humanity, educated and uneducated, including kings, fishermen, public officials, farmers, teachers and physicians. Included in the subjects are religion, history, law, science, poetry, drama, biography and prophecy. Yet its various parts are as harmoniously united as the parts that make up the human body.
For 35 authors, with such varied backgrounds, to write on so many subjects, over a period of approximately 1,500 years, in absolute harmony, is a mathematical impossibility. It could not happen! Then how do we account for the Bible? The only adequate explanation is: “Holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.”
4 The Bible claims special power (Hebrews 4:12): 12) “For the word of God is living and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the division of soul and spirit, and of joints and marrow, and is discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.”

Notes: “For the word of God is living and powerful…” The Bible claims: 1) Dividing power as a sword (above verse). The Bible will separate man from sin
II Psalm 119:11 or sin will separate man form the Bible Isaiah 59:2 2) Reflecting power as a mirror James 1:22-25. In the Bible, we see ourselves as
God sees us – as sinners Romans 3:23 3) Cleansing power as water Ephesians 5:26. David prayed that God would “wash
him from iniquity” and “cleanse him from sin.” Psalm 51:2 4) Reproductive power as seed 1 Peter 1:23. We are children of God because we
have been born into the family of God by the incorruptible seed of God. This is the new birth John 3:1-7 5) Nourishing power as food 1Peter 2:2. The Bible is spiritual food for the soul. No Christian can remain strong in the Lord and not study the Word of God
5 The Bible commands the believer to study the scriptures (2 Timothy 2:15) 15) “Be diligent to present yourself approved to God, a worker who does not need to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.”
Notes: “Study to show thyself approved unto God” is a command. As you study the Bible, you will discover that it does not just contain the Word of God – it IS the Word of God. You must also keep in mind that the Word of God contains the words of God, as well as the words of Satan, demons, angels and man – both good and bad. God is truth and cannot lie. Satan “is a liar and the father of it” John 8:44. Man is natural and is therefore limited, and does not always speak the truth. To illustrate: Matthew 22:15-46. In this portion of Scripture, we have the words of Jesus, of the Pharisees, of the Herodians and of the Sadducees. The Pharisees, Herodians and Sadducees were trying to entangle Jesus in His teachings, that they might accuse Him of breaking God’s law. Their words were spoken with evil intent, revealing the thinking of the natural man, along with the words of God that came from the lips of Jesus.
As you study the Bible, ask yourself these questions: 1) Who is speaking: God, demon, angel or man? 2) To whom is he speaking: to the nation Israel, to the Gentiles, to the Church, to men
in general or to some individual man or being? 3) How can this Scripture be applied to my own life to make me a better Christian?

Outline Two: God
The Bible reveals God as the only infinite and Eternal Being, having no beginning and no ending. He is the Supreme Personal Intelligence, and Righteous Ruler of His universe. He is life, and therefore, the only source of life (John 5:26).
Man is natural and cannot know God by wisdom (Job 11:7). God is a person and can be known only by revelation. In the Old Testament He revealed Himself to and through His prophets? In the New Testament He reveals Himself through Jesus Christ (Hebrews 1:1-3)
1 The existence of God (Hebrews 11:6): 6) But without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him.
Notes: The Bible nowhere attempts to prove or argue the existence of God. “For he that comes to God must believe that he is.”
The existence of God as a fact taken for granted by the writers of both the Old and New Testaments. “In the beginning God” (Genesis 1:1). The Bible opens by announcing the sublime fact of God and His existence. There are arguments for the existence of God; they are not conclusive but are food for thought:
1) Universal belief in God comes from within man. It is innate in man, and comes from rational intuition.
2) The argument from “cause and effect.” Everything that began owes its existence to a cause. We have a watch; we must have a watchmaker. We have a building; we must have a builder. We have creation; we must have a creator. This creation could not have come into existence without an intelligent, personal creator, any more than the alphabet could produce a book without an author.
3) The argument from anthropology. Man’s moral and intellectual nature argues for a moral and intellectual creator.
4) The Bible and the Christ that it reveals; His virgin birth, His sinless life, His vicarious death and His bodily resurrection – all of this and much, much more – argue for the existence of God.

2 The Personality of God (1 Thess. 9) 9) For they themselves declare concerning us what manner of entry we had to you, and how you turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God,
Notes: The Bible reveals God as personality. He is called “the living and true God” – One possessing self-consciousness and self-determination. His personality is shown in what He does, such as: 1) God loves. “God so loved the world” (John 3:16) 2) God hates. “These six things the Lord hates” (Prov. 6:16 OT) 3) God cares. “He cares for you” (1 Peter 5:7) 4) God grieves. “He was grieved in His heart” (Gen. 6:6 OT)
Only a personality can love, hate, care and grieve; therefore God must be a living, eternal and personal being.
3 The Nature of God (I John 4:8): 8) He who does not love does not know God, for God is love.
Notes: God is described 4 ways in the Bible. Since God cannot be defined, they are incomplete. However, they do throw light upon the nature of God. They are:
1) “God is love” (I John 4:8). This is the nature of God in His divine compassion. 2) “God is light” (1 John 1:5). The nature of God’s divine character; there is no
darkness in Him. 3) “God is consuming fire” (Hebrews 12:29). This is the nature of God in His divine
holiness. 4) “God is a Spirit” (John 4:24). This is the nature of God in His divine essence.
The attributes of God reveal His nature. Do not think of His attributes as abstract, but as vital mediums through which His holy nature in unveiled – attributes ascribed to Him, such as:
1) Life is ascribed to God (John 5:26). 2) All knowledge is ascribed to God (Psalm 147:5). 3) All power is ascribed to God (Revelation 19:6). 4) Filling the universe with His presence is ascribed to God (Psalm 139:7-10).

God is everywhere but not in everything. If God were in everything, man could worship any object and he would be worshipping God. God is spirit. (John 4:24)
4 The Grace of God (Eph. 2:8) For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God,
Notes: Grace is the love and mercy of God in action. Mercy is negative, and love is positive; both together mean grace. To show mercy in love is grace. God showed mercy in love when He sent His Son to bear our sins in His own body on the cross (John 3:16).
1) The grace of God saves forever (Romans 8:38, 39). 2) The grace of God is unconditional; that is, we are not saved if we “hold out unto the end”, or “fail not” or “do our best.” We are saved by the grace of God, apart from works (Ephesians 2:8, 9). 3) The grace of God is sufficient (2 Corinthians 12:9). 4) The grace of God makes no discrimination (Revelation 22:17). 5) The grace of God justifies (Romans 3:23, 24). 6) The grace of God makes every believer an heir (Titus 3:7). 7) The grace of God teaches the believer how to live (Titus 2:11, 12).
The grace of God is nothing less than the unlimited love of God expressed in the gift of His Son, our Savior. It is the undeserved love of God toward sinners.
5 The Trinity of God (Matthew 3:16, 17): 16) “When He had been baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened to Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting upon Him. 17) And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”
Notes: By the Trinity of God we mean His tri-personal existence as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit – three distinct persons in one God.
1) The Father is recognized as God (1 Peter 1:2) and is all the fullness of the Godhead (John 1:18).
2) The Son is recognized as God (Hebrews 1:8 – and is all the fullness of the Godhead in the flesh (John 1:14).

3) The Holy Spirit is recognized as God (Acts 5:3,4) and is all the fullness of the Godhead acting upon man, convicting him of sin (John 16:7-11) and guiding the believer into all truth (John 16:12-15).
4) The doctrine of the Trinity is not explained in the Old Testament, but is rather implied, (Genesis 1:26).
5) The doctrine of the Trinity is revealed in the New Testament. In verses 16 and 17, we have Christ being baptized in water, the Father speaking from heaven, and the Holy Spirit descending as a dove. We are to baptize in the “name (not names) of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit” (Matthew 28:19).
Even creation implies the doctrine of the Trinity.
1) In creation, we have space, matter, and time in one creation. 2) In space, we have length, width, and height in one space. 3) In matter, we have energy, motion, and phenomenon in one substance. 4) In time, we have past, present, and future in one time. 5) In man, we have body, soul, and spirit in one man (1 Thessalonians 5:23). 6) In the Holy Trinity, we have Father, Son, and Holy Spirit in one God.

Outline Three: Jesus Christ
Christianity is unlike any other religion, because it is more than a religion–it is the story of the life of the Son of God. Christ is Christianity and Christianity is Christ. He is the main subject of each book of the New Testament, and fulfills all the promises of God in the Old Testament. From His incarnation to His Second Coming (Revelation 17:14), He is the God-man, Christ Jesus in glory, exalted above all creatures, having “all power in heaven and in earth”. Matthew 28:18
During His earthly ministry, He claimed to be God in human flesh. He is what He claimed, or He is not. (Revelation 1:8). Before His claim can be denied, there are some things that must be accounted for:
 His virgin birth  His holy, sinless life  His many miracles  His vicarious (on our behalf; substitutionary) death  His bodily resurrection
1 The Deity of Jesus Christ (John 1:1) 1) In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
Notes: The deity of Jesus Christ, or His God nature, is established in the New Testament. Some of the facts are:
1) He is called God by the apostle John (John 1:1) 2) He is called God by the apostle Thomas (John 20:28). 3) He is called God by God the Father (Hebrews 1:8). 4) He claimed to be God in that He was with the Father before creation (John 17:5) 5) He claimed to be God in that He was before Abraham. Abraham rejoiced to
see My day…” (John 8:51-59) 6) He received worship, and only God is to be worshipped (Matthew 14:33).
Angels refused worship (Revelations 22:8, 9). Man refused worship (Acts 10:25, 26) 7) He forgives sin (Mark 2:5-11). Only God can forgive sin. 8) He is creator and maker of all things (Colossians 1:16)

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The Christian Life