Compilation Of Landmark Judgments


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For Private Circulation : Educational Purpose Only
The Family Courts Act expects the duty-holders like the court, counsellors, welfare experts and any other collaborators to make e orts for reconciliation.
Hon’ble Mr. Justice Kurian Joseph
Transfer Petition (Civil) No. 1278 of 2016 Santhini vs. Vijaya Venketesh
COMPILATION OF
LANDMARK JUDGMENTS
OF
HIGH COURTS OF INDIA
ON FAMILY MATTERS
“After all the child needs both father and mother.”
Hon'ble Mr. Justice Kurian Joseph
(Civil Appeal Nos. 2471-2473 Of 2016 Tatineni Mayuri vs. Edara Baldev)
Compiled by JHARKHAND STATE LEGAL SERVICES AUTHORITY Nyaya Sadan, Near A.G. O ce, Doranda, Ranchi Phone : 0651-2481520, 2482392, Fax : 0651-2482397, Email : [email protected], Website : www.jhalsa.org This Book is also available on o cial website of JHALSA "www.jhalsa.org"

For Private Circulation : Educational Purpose Only
COMPILATION OF LANDMARK JUDGMENTS
OF HIGH COURTs OF INDIA
ON FAMILY MATTERS
Year of Publication : 2017
Compiled By Jharkhand State Legal Services Authority Nyaya Sadan, Near AG Office, Doranda, Ranchi – 834002 Ph No. 0651-2482392, 2481520, 2482397 (F) E-mail :[email protected], Website : www.jhalsa.org This is booklet is also available on Official Website of JHALSA “www.jhalsa.org”

Justice D.N. Patel
Acting Chief Justice, High Court of Jharkhand & Executive Chairman,
Jharkhand State Legal Services Authority
Preface...
“ A Family is a place where minds come in contact with one another. If these minds love one another, the home will be as beautiful as a flower garden. But if these minds get out of harmony
with one another, it is like a storm that plays havoc with the garden.” Gautam Buddha
My Lord Justice Kurian Joseph has said in a land mark judgment (Supreme Court of India, TRANSFER PETITION (CIVIL) NO. 1278 of 2016 SANTHINI Vs VIJAYA VENKETESH ) that
“…...The Family Courts Act expects the duty-holders like the court, counsellors, welfare experts and any other collaborators to make efforts for reconciliation. However, reconciliation is not always the restoration of status quo ante; it can as well be a solution as acceptable to both parties. In all these matters, the approaches are different.
The role of a counsellor in Family Court is basically to find out what is the area of incompatibility between the spouses, whether the parties are under the influence of anybody or for that matter addicted to anything which affects the normal family life, whether they are taking free and independent decisions, whether the incompatibility can be rectified by any psychological or psychiatric assistance etc. The counsellor also assists the parties to resume free communication. In custody matters also the counsellor assists the child, if he/she is of such age, to accept the reality of incompatibility between the parents and yet make the child understand that the child is of both parents and the child has a right to get the love and affection of both the parents and also has a duty to love and respect both the parents etc. Essentially, the counsellor assists the parents to shed their ego and take a decision in the best interest of the child.”

Family Court Act, 1984 is the only Act which requires the services of Counsellors, Doctors, Social Activist, Organisations etc. A Family Court Judge is expected not to have any kind of adversarial attitude . He is not exercising adversarial adjudicatory powers but a participatory reconciliatory powers. His role is that of a mediator, a role of a conciliator and a role of a settler. He has to be a learned man in Law, in Psychology, in History, in sociology and in perception. The atmosphere of Family Court should be friendly and conducive to inspire trust and confidentiality. Family is the foundation of society. The dispute in the family has its impact on the society. Family dispute has many dimension :-
— Maintenance and Alimony — Custody of Children — Visitation Rights — Divorce and Restitution of Conjugal Rights — Stridhan
These disputes have potentiality to ruin the innocence of child and esteem of elders. Bringing about peace and harmony in Family is no less important than bringing Ganga on earth. The Family Court Judge should act as guardian and he should be specialist of human behaviour. A Family Court Judge is greatest evaluator of social dynamics. A comprehensive concept of the welfare of child involves social security, emotional security and all kind of future a child is going to have. Absence of emotional bond may shatter the child Sensitivity is the need of hour for the Family Court Judges and early disposal of family matters saves the person from unforeseen hardships.
Family as an Institution has saved the Indian civilization in all challenging circumstances. Family disputes are approaching courts in frightening speed. It has to be understood that neither of the spouse is the commodity in possession of the other. A little more sensitivity and alertness of a family Court may reunite the couple. Therefore, family Court Judges need to be trained, sensitized and encouraged to adopt more and more reconciliatory approach.
This work of Jharkhand State Legal Services Authority is an attempt to compile landmark judgments of the Apex Court of India/High Courts of India on the topics-Duty of Family Court, Divorce, Alimony, adoption , custody of children and Stridhan at on place for the family Court Judges, lawyers, social workers and common litigants. Under able leadership and guidance of My Lord Justice Kurian Joseph, Judge, Supreme Court of India and Chairman, Supreme Court Committee for Sensitization of Family Court Matters, we shall definitely be able to achieve our objectives. I assure My Lord that no stone shall be left unturned in fulfilling Your Lordship's dreams and directions.
(Justice D.N. Patel)

INDEX
ALIMONY & MAINTENANCE
1. Roma Singha Versus Hare Kirshna Singha........................................................................... 3 MAT Appeal No. 37 of 2010
2. Woston Hynniewta versus Kyntiew Akor Suchiang.............................................................. 6 Crl. Rev.P. No. 3 of 2016
3. Shri Laisram Nipamacha Singh Versus Smt. Khaidem Ningol Sakhi Devi and others....................................................................... 9 Criminal Revn. Case No. 1 of 1965
4. Sonam Tsering Versus Kunzang Sherab.............................................................................. 13 Civil Appeal No. 2 of 1978
5. Puma Bahadur Bista Versus Santa Bista and another......................................................... 25 Criminal Revn. No. 2 of 1982
6. Subal Das versus MousuMi Saha......................................................................................... 32 Crl. Rev.P. No. 89 of 2016
7. Anjana Dey (Mandal) versus Subal Mandal........................................................................ 47 MAT APP. No. 02 of 2009
8. Jyoti Prakash Banerjee versus Chameli Banerjee And Anr.................................................................................................. 53 AIR 1975 Cal 260, 79 CWN 332
9. Harnam Kour versus Gurmeet Kour................................................................................... 60 CIMA No. 197/2004
10. Mrs. Shubra Bagchi Versus P.K. Bagchi............................................................................... 63 Civil Misc. Appeal No. 30 of 1973
11. Vikram Jamwal versus Geetanjali Rajput............................................................................ 73 561-A CrPC No. 77 of 2007
12. Sunil Kumar Versus Sumitra panda.................................................................................... 79 CRIMINAL REVISION NO. 781 OF 2013
13. Miss Moumita Roy choudhury versus Abhijit Chattarjee.................................................. 83 MATA Nos. 41 of 2012
14. Ritanjali Patra versus Bhabani Shankar Patra.................................................................... 90 MATA NO. 87 OF 2016

15. Smt. Pratima Mohapatra @ Nepak versus Dibakar Mohapatra.............................................................................................................. 93 MATA No.93 of 2012
DIVORCE
16. Rekharani Versus Prabhu.................................................................................................... 99 Mat. A. No. 87 of 2007
17. Tuhin Guchhait Versus Arati Guchhait............................................................................. 103 First Appeal No. 136 of 1992
18. Debaleena Bhawal versus Chirajit Paresh Chandra Bhawal....................................................................................... 120 C.A.N. 3826 of 2015
19. Rabindra Nath Mukherjee versus Iti Mukherjee @ Chatterjee................................................................................................ 127 95 CWN 1085, II (1991) DMC 227
20. Malza D. Shira versus Archana Marak And Anr............................................................... 135 AIR 2004 Gau 165, (2004) 1 GLR 109
21. Kyntiew Akor Suchiang versus Woston Hynniewta.......................................................... 138 MAF No. 1 Of 2015
22. Supratim Datta versus Moutushi Sen................................................................................ 141 Mat. Appeal No. 04 of 2014
23. Smt. Jayanti Deb Versus Sri Manas Kumar Das................................................................ 149 MAT Appeal 02 of 2012
24. Sima Das Versus Shibu Dey............................................................................................... 158 F.A. No. 02 of 2012
25. Mala Rai versus Bal Krishna Dhamala.............................................................................. 163 Mat. App. No. 01 of 2015
26. Jia LaL Abrol Versus Sarla Devi......................................................................................... 168
27. Mst. Zoona Versus Mohamad Yakub Najjar...................................................................... 176 Civil Second Appeal No. 25 of 1981
28. Usharani Pradhan versus Brajakishore Pradhan.............................................................. 181 Mata No. 104 of 2011
29. Nibedita Dash versus Biranchi Narayan Satpathy............................................................ 188 MATA No. 64 of 2011 and MATA No. 65 of 2011

CUSTODY OF CHILDREN & VISITATION RIGHTS
30. Sri Koustav Dey Versus Sri Sudhir Chandra Das.............................................................. 195 F.M.A. No. 2822 of 2013
31. Raj Kumar Gupta versus Barbara Gupta........................................................................... 204 AIR 1989 Cal 165, 93 CWN 256
32. Koustav Dey v. Sudhir Chandra Das................................................................................. 213 FMA No. 2822 of 2013
33. Meera Agarwalla Bansal And Anr. versus Shyam Sundar Agarwalla............................... 215 Matrimonial Appeal No. 2 of 1999
34. Paul Tushar Biswas versus Addl. Dist. Judge And Anr..................................................... 222 II (2006) DMC 59
35. Sreeparna Banik (Saha) versus Ankur Saha...................................................................... 236 Crl. Petn. No. 09 of 2015
36. Dilip Goswami versus State of Tripura............................................................................. 240 W.P. (HC) No. 05 of 2013
37. Ratan Rabi Das versus Ratna Sen...................................................................................... 242 Mat. App. No. 13 of 2013
38. Mohd. Ramzan Magrey Versus Taja and others................................................................ 244 Civil Misc. First Appeal No. 8 of 1983
39. Anil Kumar versus State of J & K....................................................................................... 251 Cr. Rev. No. 64/2016
40. Swapna Satpathy @ Upadhyaya versus Unknown............................................................. 255 W.P.(CRL) No. 665 OF 2013
41. Vinay Gupta versus Saveri Nayak...................................................................................... 258 CRLREV NO.635 of 2016
42. The Secretary, Subhadra Mahatab Seva Sadan of Kolathia and another. -Versus- State of Orissa...................................................................................................... 267 W.P.(C). NOS. 29388 AND 29389 OF 2011
ADOPTION
43. Soma Chatterjee versus Chapala Chatterjee And Ors...................................................... 275 (1990) DMC 312
44. Manick Chunder Dutt versus Bhuggobutty Dossee.......................................................... 295
45. Kakchingtabam Ibomcha Sharma Versus Heirangkhongjam Noyon Singh and Ors...... 303 RFA No. 9 of 2007

46. W. Priyokumar Singh and others Versus Wangkheimayum Ongbi Rani Devi and others................................................................ 316 First Appeal No. 5 of 1972
47. Chairman, Child Welfare Committee, Abhoynagar and Anr. Versus Madan Mohan Saha And Anr............................................................................................ 322 CRP No. 04 of 2012
48. Abdul Majid Versus Mst. Dodally..................................................................................... 325 Second Appeal No. 7 of 1988
ROLE AND DUTIES OF FAMILY COURT
49. Subarna bhattacharjee versus siddartha biswas................................................................ 331 Tr. P. (C) No. 11/2017
50. Leishangthem Bidyabati versus Heigrujam Risao Benson Singh..................................... 346 M.A.T. Appeal No. 13 of 2016
51. Thoudam (N) Kangjam (O) Kunjarani Devi versus Kangjam Iboyaima Singh............... 350 Mat Appeal No. 1 of 2014
52. Sabyasachi Dutt versus State of Meghalaya....................................................................... 353 WP (Crl) No. 2/2015
53. Smt. Dipika Sharma (Chakraborty) Versus Shri Sudip Sharma....................................... 366
54. Parveena Akhter versus Ashiq Hussain Ganaie................................................................ 374
STRIDHAN
55. Sukhamayee Biswas Versus Monoranjan Chaudhury and others.................................... 381 Appeal No. 1389 of 1922
56. Smt. Jayasri Guha Nee Ghosh versus Smt. Shukla Ghosh & Another.............................. 384
57. Tarun Chandra Goswami and Anr. Versus Joyshree Sarma............................................. 399 Crl. Rev. No. 346 of 2013
58. Smt Pramila Pradhan versus Sumanta Sekhar Pradhan & Others................................... 401 RFA NO.158 OF 2004
OTHER LANDMARK JUDGMENTS
59. Bharat Kumar Versus Selma Mini and Anr....................................................................... 409 W.P. (C) No. 33380 of 2005 (W)
60. Peter P.O. versus Sara......................................................................................................... 412 AIR 2007 Ker 81

LANDMARK JUDGMENTS ON
ALIMONY & MAINTENANCE

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Compilation Of Landmark Judgments