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Semester: 4th

Course code: CIR657C

Course credits: 4

Max. Marks: 100

Objective: This Course will introduce students to important contemporary issues in international relations. The objective is to enable students to bridge their theoretical understanding of international relations with contemporary realities. The course deals with varied contemporary issues in areas like role of international organizations, nuclear proliferation, emerging economic realities, energy security and environmental degradation.


Post-cold war era;

New cold war; Resurgence of Russia (Ukraine, Syria)

New World Order

Neoliberalism: rise and future prospects


New Wars

Terrorism: new trends

Nuclear Proliferation (North Korea and Iran)

Refugee crisis


Relevance of international organizations in present world: EU, UN, Islamic Military Alliance

Rise of Non-Western Economic order: OBOR, BRICS

Gender issues in contemporary international relations


Environmental issues and sustainable development

Stockholm, Rio, Copenhagen, Paris conferences, Kyoto Protocol

Energy Security

US-Russia contention in Arctic Ocean Case studies of contemporary international conflicts
Pedagogy: The teaching learning process will be mostly based on classroom interactions. Students will be provided readings and related course material. The students are expected to go through the readings in advance and then engage in relevant discussions and debates in the classroom.
Suggested Readings: Aoyama, R. (2016). “One belt, one road”: China's new global strategy. Journal of Contemporary East Asia Studies, 5(2), 3-22. Cherp, Aleh& Jewell, Jessica, The three perspectives on energy security: intellectual history, disciplinary roots and the potential for integration, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 3 (4), available at
Cimbala, S. J. (2017). Nuclear proliferation in the twenty-first century: realism, rationality, or uncertainty?. Strategic Studies Quarterly, 11(1), 129-146. Das, K. C. (2017). The making of one belt, one road and dilemmas in South Asia. China Report, 53(2), 125-142. Ebinger, Charles K &Zambetakies, Evie (2009), The Geopolitics of Arctic Melt, available at Gaddis, John Lewis, International Relations Theory and the End of the Cold War, International Security, 17 (3), pp. 5-58. Harkavy, R. E. (1981). Pariah states and nuclear proliferation. International Organization, 135-163. Heywood, A. (2014). Global politics. Macmillan International Higher Education.
Mearsheimer, John (1990), Why We Will Soon Miss the Cold War, The Atlantic, available at
Mearsheimer, John (2014), Why the Ukraine Crisis Is the West's Fault: The Liberal Delusions That Provoked Putin, Foreign Affairs, 93 (5), pp. 77-84. Miller, B., & Saltzman, I. Z. (2016). Beyond the three ‘isms’: Rethinking IR and the post-cold war order. International Politics, 53(3), 385-414. Monteiro, Nuno P (2012), Unrest Assured: Why Unipolarity Is Not Peaceful, International Security, 36 (3), 0-40.

Njølstad, O. (Ed.). (2010). Nuclear proliferation and international order: challenges to the NonProliferation Treaty. Routledge.
Ploberger, C. (2017). One belt, One road–China’s new grand strategy. Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, 15(3), 289-305.
Roberts, Adam, International Relations after the Cold War, available at
Smith, N. R. (2018). The re-emergence of a ‘mirror image’in West–Russia relations?. International Politics, 55(5), 575-594.
Sørensen, G. (2016). Rethinking the new world order. Macmillan International Higher Education.
Stuenkel, O. (2016). Do the BRICS possess soft power?. Journal of Political Power, 9(3), 353-367.
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, available at
Quiggin, John, Neoliberalism: Rise, Decline and Future Prospects, in Cahil, Damien et al, The Sage Handbook of Neoliberalism, Sage Publications Ltd.

Semester: 4th Credits: 4

Government and Politics in Jammu and Kashmir

Course Code: IRC-11


Marks: 100

The basic objective of the course is to acquaint students with the background, evolution and new political trends in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The course will introduce the students to the state of Jammu and Kashmir, its historical background, geo-political significance and ideological orientations of freedom movement. The course will further enable the students to understand instrument of Accession and its diverse perspectives, special status granted under Indian constitution, abrogation and the restoration of special status. The course will also critically assess areas like Panchayat Raj, nature of party system, regional and sub-regional identities, Cross-LOC trade, secessionism and self-determination.
Unit I State of Jammu and Kashmir: An introduction
I. Geo-Politics and Historical Background
II. Evolution and Formation of the State: Critical Overview
III. Freedom Movement: Ideological Orientation and legacies
Unit II Post Colonial Political Developments in the State
I. Partition of United India and Accession of the J & K State
II. Special Status: Abrogation and Debate for its restoration
III. State Constitution of Erstwhile state of J&K: Ideological Underpinnings and
IV. Political Economy of the Land Reforms
Unit III Democracy and the Decentralization
I. Democracy in the Union Territory of J & K: Evolution, Challenges and
II. Panchayat Raj: Theory and Practice
III. Party System: changing Contours

IV. Coalition Politics: History, Challenges and Prospectus Unit IV Conflict and Resolution Mechanism
I. Self-determination and Secessionism: Critical Debates II. Models of Regional and sub-Regional Autonomy III. Cross LOC-Trade: Problems and Potentials IV. State Human Rights Commission: Powers and Role
Pedagogy and Assessment
Participatory Pedagogy will be used in class based on class room debates and discussions. Students will be provided with relevant reading material and will be expected to go through the readings in advance. The assessment will be based on a Mid-Term exam (consisting of 30 Marks), internal assessment (consisting of 20 Marks) and End term Examination (consisting of 50 Marks). Internal assessment will be carried on the basis of participation in classroom discussions, submission of assignments and attendance.
Suggested Readings
1. Akbar M.J, “Kashmir Behind the Vale”, Lotus Publication, New Delhi, 2002.
2. Anand A.S (Justice), “The Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir: Its Development and Comments” ,Universal Law Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 2004.
3. Bazaz Prem Nath, “Democracy Through Intimidation and Terror” The Untold Story of Kashmir” Heritage, New Delhi, 1978.
4. Bazaz Prem Nath, “Kashmir in Crucible”Pamposh Publications New Delhi, 1967.
5. Bazaz Prem Nath, “The History of the Freedom Struggle in Kashmir,Cultural and Political:From the Earliest Times to the Present Day”,Pamposh Publications,New Delhi,1954.

6. Bhattarcharjea Ajit, “Kashmir: The Wounded valley” UBSDP Pubs, New Delhi.
7. Birdwood Lord, “Two Nations and Kashmir”, Robert Hale Ltd, London, 1956.
8. Bose Sumantra “The Challenge in Kashmir: Democracy, Self Determination and Just Peace”, New Delhi: Sage Publications,1997.
9. Bose Sumantra, “Kashmir- Roots of Conflict,Paths to Peace”, Vistaar Publication, New Delhi, 2003.
10.Chandhoke Neera, “Contested Successions: Rights, Self-determination, Democracy and Kashmir” OUP,New Delhi,2003.
11.Chowdhary Rekha, “Identity Politics in Jammu and Kashmir”,Paperback, New Delhi,2010.
12.Ganguly Summit, “The Crisis in Kashmir: Portents of War,Hopes of Peace” WWCP and CUP,UK,1997.
13.Ganguly, Sumit and Bajpai, Kanti. “India and the Crisis in Kashmir.” Asian Survey, 1994.
14.Gupta Siser, “Kashmir: A Study in India- Pakistan Relations”, Asia Publishing House,New Dehli,1966.
15.Jagmohan, “My Frozen Turbulence in Kashmir”, Allied Publishers, New Delhi, 1991
16.Kaur Ravinder Jit, “Political awakening in Kashmir”, Ashish publication corporation, New Delhi, 1996.
17.Khan G. H, “Freedom Movement in Kashmir (1931-1939)”,Light and Life Publishers,New Delhi,1980.
18.Khan, Gh. Hassan, “Government and Politics of Jammu and Kashmir”, Srinagar, 1988.

19.Korbel Joseph, “Danger in Kashmir”, Princeton University Press, USA, 1968.
20.Lamb Alastair, “Crisis in Kashmir (1947-1966)”, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1966.
21.Lamb Alastair, “Incomplete Partition-The Genesis of the Kashmir Dispute (1947- 1948)”Roxford ,Books Hertingfordbury U. K, 1997.
22.Noorani A. G, “Article 370: A constitutional History of Jammu and Kashmir”, Oxford University Press, 2011.
23.Puri Balraj, “Kashmir Towards Insurgency” Orient Longman, New Delhi, 1993.
24.Rai, Mridu. “Hindu Rulers, Muslim Subjects: Islam, Rights, and the History of Kashmir” Princeton University Press,Permanent Black,2004.
25.Schaffer, Howard B “The Limits of Influence: America's Role in Kashmir”, Brookings Institution Press, Viking Penguin, 2009.
26.Schofield, Victoria, “Kashmir in conflict: India, Pakistan and the unending war”, I. B. Tauris.2010.
27.Scohfield Victoria, “Kashmir in the Crossfire”, I.B. Tauris, 1996. 28.Wani Gull Mohd, “Kashmir Politics: Problems and Prospects”, Ashish
Publishing House, New Delhi, 1993. 29.Zutshi, Chitralekha, “Language of belonging: Islam, regional identity, and
the making of Kashmir”, Oxford University Press, Permanent Black, 2003

Semester: 4th Credits: 4


Social Movements and Theories
Introduction, History, Key Characteristics. Theories: Resource Mobilization Theory, New Social Movements, Political Process Theory Unit 2
Social Movements and Framing
Media, Framing Processes, Ideologies vs. Frames
Unit 3
Social Movements: Participation and Outcomes
Factors explaining Social Movements Participation, participation in case of High Risk and Low Risk Activism, Network Analysis Theory, Explaining Social movement Outcomes, Factors behind the success and failure of social movements
Unit 4
Non-Violent Action
Understanding Non Violent Action, The rationale behind non violent action, Basic Theories and methods of nonviolent collective action: Tactics and strategies, Strategic non –violent action and power asymmetries. Role of Third parties in Non Violent resistances, Non Violent Social Movements : Gandhi`s satyagrahas in India and South Africa and the Civil Rights Movement in the United States (Black Empowerment Struggle).
Unit 5
Non –Violence in Muslim Context
Nonviolence in Islam, Nonviolent Social Changes in Muslim Societies : Non –violent Jihad of Khan Abdul Ghafar Khan in NWFP in British India, Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and Palestinian Intifada.

Suggested Readings
Armstrong, Elizabeth A. and Mary Bernstein, (2008). “Culture, Power, and Institutions: A Multiinstitutional Politics Approach to Social Movements.” Sociological Theory, 26 (1):74-99 Cockburn, Cynthia, (2009) “Women in Black: The Stony Path to Solidarity.” In People Power: Unarmed resistance and Global Solidarity, (Ed.) Howard Clark, 156-163, London and New York : Pluto Press Collective Behavior J. L. Wood, “Sociology of Collective Behavior”, in International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 1355-1387 Crossly, Nick (2002). “Making sense of social movements”, Buckingham, Philadelphia, Open University Press, , Chapter 1(Introduction) Diani, Mario (1992). “The concept of a social movement”, The Sociological Review Irwin, Bob & Faison, Gordon. “Why Nonviolence? Introduction to Nonviolence Theory and Strategy”, available at J. C. Jenkins, “Resource Mobilization Theory”, International Encyclopedia of the Social Science King, Mary (2002). “Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.: The Power of Nonviolent Action”. 2ndedn, Mehta Publishers and the Indian Council for Cultural Relations, New Delhi Kurt, Lester R. “Nonviolent Jihad: Abdul Ghaffar Khan Resisting British Colonialism”, George Mason University, (Unpublished Draft) Melucci, Alberto (1980). ”The new social movements: A theoretical approach”, Social Science Information ( SAGE, London & Beverly Hills), 19, 2 pp. 199-226 Oliver, Pamela E. & Johnston, Hank (2000). “What a good idea! Ideologies and Frames in social movement research” Mobilization: An International Journal, 4(1): 37-54 Rigby, Andrew, (2009). “Diasporas: Potential Partners in Struggle”, In People Power: Unarmed Resistance and Global Solidarity, (Ed.) Howard Clark, 177-183.London and New York: Pluto Press. Saritoprak, Zeki, “An Islamic Approach to Peace and Nonviolence: A Turkish Experience”. The Muslim World. Vol. 95. July 25 Sharp, Gene (2005). Waging Nonviolent Struggle: 20th Century Practice and 21st Century Potential, Porter Sergeant Publishers, Boston

Stephan, Maria J, and Erica Chenoweth.2008. “Why civil resistance works: The Strategic Logic of Non Violent Conflict.” International Security 33, no. 1, summer, 7-44. Viterna, Jocelyn, (2006). “Pulled, Pushed, and Persuaded: Explaining Women’s Mobilization into the Salvadoran Guerrilla Army”, American Journal of Sociology

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