Integrated Pest Management Package For Maize


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INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT PACKAGE FOR MAIZE
Sangit Kumar Pradyumn Kumar Jugal Kishor Bana M Shekhar S N Sushil A K Sinha Ram Asre K S Kapoor O P Sharma S Bhagat M Sehgal T Boopathi N Amaresan C Chattopadhyay K Satyagopal P Jeyakumar

National Centre for Integrated Pest Management LBS Building, IARI Campus, New Delhi – 110 012

Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage (DPPQ&S) CGO Complex, NH IV, Faridabad Haryana- 121001

National Institute of Plant Health Management (NIPHM)
DAC, Min of Agri., Rajendranagar, Hyderabad- 500030

© 2014 Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage CGO Complex, NH IV, Faridabad- 121001

Citation
Cover picture Compiled by

: Sangit Kumar, Pradyumn Kumar, Jugal Kishor Bana, M Shekhar, S N Sushil, A K Sinha, Ram Asre, K S Kapoor, O P Sharma, S Bhagat, M Sehgal, T Boopathi, N Amaresan, C Chattopadhyay, K Satyagopal and P Jeyakumar. 2014. Integrated Pest Management Package for Maize. Pp. 44.
: Healthy Cob
: Sangit Kumar1, Pradyumn Kumar1, Jugal Kishor Bana1, M Shekhar, S N Sushil, A K Sinha2, Ram Asre2, K S Kapoor2, O P Sharma, S Bhagat, M Sehgal, T Boopathi, N Amaresan, C C hattopadhyay, K Satyagopal3 and P Jeyakumar3. National Centre for Integrated Pest Management, LBS Building, IARI Campus, Pusa, New Delhi-110 012 1 Directorate of Maize Research, New Delhi, India 2 Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage, Faridabad- 121001 3 National Institute of Plant Health Management, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad 500030

Technical help : Kamlesh Kumar

Published by Year

: Director National Centre for Integrated Pest Management, LBS Building, IARI Campus New Delhi 110 012 on behalf of Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage, CGO Complex, NH IV, Faridabad Haryana- 121 001
: 2014

Copies

: 500

Printed by: M/s. Royal Offset Printers, A-89/1, Naraina Industrial Area, Phase-I, New Delhi-110028
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PREFACE
Pests are major biotic constraints to achieve self sufficiency in ensuring food security. Losses due to pest vary range 10-30% depending upon the genetic constituent of crop, its health and the governing environment. General national estimate of annual crop losses due to pest amounts to ` 260000 million per year. However, negligence of endemic areas can result in complete crop failures. In view of inefficacy of chemical pesticides and environmental problems thereof, Integrated Pest Management (IPM) has been accepted as a cardinal principle of Plant Protection in the overall Crop Protection Programme under the National Agricultural Policy of the Govt. of India. IPM being an eco-friendly approach, socially acceptable and economically viable has been widely accepted across the country. The IPM package encompasses various management strategies for pest and disease problems. Pest monitoring is also one of the important components of IPM to take proper decision to manage any pest problem. It can be done through Agro-Ecosystem Analysis (AESA), field scouting, light, pheromone, sticky/yellow pan traps. The economic threshold level (ETL) of important pests and diseases are also given in the package to activate appropriate control measures on standing crops. The existing package and practices was developed way back in 2001-02 by DPPQ & S, Faridabad catering the need of extension personals in extending IPM tactics to farmers. Though these were useful, there is a need to update them in view of changing climate and its impact on pests and their protection measures. A National Workshop on IPM for harmonization of Package of Practices was organized at the National Centre for Integrated Pest Management, New Delhi, during 25-26th Feb., 2013 with a view to provide technical knowledge to the extension functionaries and farmers in the States. The IPM package has been developed with the technical inputs from the experts from the PI (AICRIP), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (NCIPM), State Agricultural Universities, and DPPQ & S, Faridabad. It will also be useful in reducing the pesticide residues in exportable agricultural commodities and would also help in the management of pests/diseases/weeds/nematodes, which may get inadvertently introduced in the country. These packages will be useful for the researchers, extension workers and farmers alike who are engaged in the agricultural practices.
Editors
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CONTENTS

Title

Page No.

1. Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 1

2. Biotic Constraints ............................................................................................................................. 1

2.1 Major Insect Pests of National Significance ................................................................. 1

2.2 Major Insect Pests of Regional Significance ................................................................ 1

2.3 Major Diseases of National Significance ....................................................................... 2

2.4 Major Diseases of Regional Significance ....................................................................... 2

2.5 Major Nematodes of National and Regional Significance ......................................... 2

2.6 Major Weeds of National and Regional Significance ................................................. 2

2.7 Major Vertebrate Pests of National and Regional Significance ................................. 2

3. Integrated Pest Management Approach ........................................................................................ 2

3.1 Monitoring ........................................................................................................................ 4

3.1.1 Agro Ecosystem Analysis (AESA) Methodology .............................................. 5

3.2 Management Practice for insect pests ........................................................................... 9

3.2.1 Cultural Practices ................................................................................................... 9

3.2.2 Genetic Management ............................................................................................. 9

3.2.3 Mechanical Practices ............................................................................................. 9

3.2.4 Biopesticides ........................................................................................................... 9

3.2.5 Biological Control ................................................................................................. 9

3.2.6 Chemical Control ................................................................................................. 15

3.3 Management Practices for diseases ............................................................................... 15

3.3.1 Cultural Practices ................................................................................................... 15

3.3.2 Genetic Management.............................................................................................. 15

3.3.3 Mechanical Practices .............................................................................................. 16

3.3.4 Biological Control ...................................................................................................16

3.3.5 Chemical Control ................................................................................................... 16

4. Weed Management Practices ..........................................................................................................17

5. Rodent Management Practices .......................................................................................................17

6. Crop Stage wise Integrated Pest Management Practices .............................................................18

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CONTENTS
Annexure I List of recommended pesticides for maize ............................................................................. 21 II Basic information about pesticides ......................................................................................... 22 III General guideline for management of resistance .................................................................. 24 IV Safety parameters for pesticides use ........................................................................................ 25 V Basic precautions in pesticide usage ....................................................................................... 27 VI Do’s and don’t in IPM ................................................................................................................ 30 VII Operational, calibration and maintenance guidelines in brief ............................................ 31 VIII Method for calculation of pesticides for application ............................................................ 33 IX Symptoms of poisoning and the treatment of
poisoning for different pesticides ............................................................................................ 35 X Pesticides / formulations banned in India (As on 1st Jan, 2014) ......................................... 38 XI Pesticides restricted for use in the Country (As on 1st Jan, 2014) ....................................... 40 Plates I Insect Pests of Maize ................................................................................................................. 41 II Diseases of Maize ...................................................................................................................... 42 III Cyst Nematode of Maize .......................................................................................................... 44
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Integrated Pest Management Package For Maize