CULTIVATED CROPS OF KERALA Common Name Malayalam Name


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Common Name

CULTIVATED CROPS OF KERALA Malayalam Name Botanical Name

Cereals Chama (little millet)

Chama

Panicum sumatrense

Kodo millet

Varagu

Paspalum scrobiculatum

Maize

Cholam

Zea mays

Rice

Nellu

Oryza sativa

Ragi (Finger millet) Koovaraku

Eleusine coracana

Pulses Black gram

Uzhunnu

Vigna mungo

Cowpea

Perumpayar

Vigna unguiculata

Green gram

Cherupayar

Vigna radiata

Horse gram

Muthira

Macrotyloma uniflorum

Red gram

Thuvarappayar

Cajanus cajan

Tubers Colocasia

Chembu

Colocasia esculenta

Carrot

Carrot

Daucus carota

Elephant foot Yam Potato

Chena Urulakizhangu

Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Solanum tuberosum

Radish

Mullangi

Raphanus sativus

Sweet potato

Cheenikizhangu

Ipomoea batatas

Turnip

Seemamullangi

Brassica rapa

Tapioca

Maracheeni

Manihot esculenta

Greater Yam

Kachil

Dioscorea alata

Family
Poaceae Poaceae Poaceae Poaceae Poaceae
Fabaceae Fabaceae Fabaceae Fabaceae Fabaceae
Araceae Apiaceae Araceae Solanaceae Brassicaceae Convolvulaceae Brassicaceae Euphorbiaceae Dioscoreaceae

Vegetables Brinjal Tomato Chilli Amaranthus Okra Bitter gourd Bottle gourd Snake gourd Ridge gourd Ash gourd Little gourd Sword bean French bean Beet root
Cabbage
Carrot Cauliflower Indian bean Drumstick Musk melon Onion Pumpkin

Vazhuthana Thakkali Mulaku Cheera Venda Paval Churakka Padavalam Peechanga Kumbalam Koval Valaringa Beans Beet root
Muttakose
Carrot Cauliflower Amara Muringa Thaikumbalam Ulli Mathan

Solanum melongena Lycopersicon esculentum Capsicum annuum Amaranthus spp, Abelmoschus esculentus Momordica charantia Lagenaria siceraria Trichosanthes anguina Luffa acutangula Benincasa hispida Coccinia grandis Canavalia gladiata Phaseolus vulgaris Beta vulgaris Brassica oleracea var. capitata Daucus carota Brassica oleracea var. botrytis Lablab purpureus Moringa oleifera Cucumis melo Allium cepa Cucurbita moschata

Solanaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae Amaranthaceae Malvaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Fabaceae Fabaceae Chenopodiaceae
Brassicaceae
Apiaceae Brassicaceae Fabaceae Moringaceae Cucurbitaceae Lilliaceae Cucurbitaceae

Red pumpkin

Vellarimathan

Fruits Banana

Vazha

Bread fruit

Seemachakka

Bullock's heart

Malamunthiri

Cashew

Kasuvandi

Sweet-sop

Seethapazham

Grapes

Munthiringa

Guava

Perakka

Jack

Chakka

Jujube

Elantha

Lemon

Naranga

Lime

Cherunaranga

Mango

Manga

Mangosteen

Mangosteen

Papaya

Pappakka

Pineapple

Kaithachakka

Pomegranate

Mathalanaranga

Sapota

Sapota

Mandarin

Orange

Pomelo

Bamplimas

Condiments & Spices

Chilli

Mulaku

Turmeric

Manjal

Coriander

Kothamalli

Cucurbita maxima

Cucurbitaceae

Musa spp. Artocarpus altilis Annona reticulata Anacardium occidentale Annona squamosa Vitis vinifera Psidium guajava Artocarpus heterophyllus Zizyphus jujuba Citrus limon Citrus aurantifolia Mangifera indica Garcinia mangostana Carica papaya Ananas comosus Punica granatum Achras sapota Citrus reticulata Citrus decumana

Musaceae Moraceae Annonaceae Anacardiaceae Annonaceae Vitaceae Myrtaceae Moraceae Rhamnaceae Rutaceae Rutaceae Anacardiaceae Clusiaceae Caricaceae Bromeliaceae Punicaceae Sapotaceae Rutaceae Rutaceae

Capsicum annuum Curcuma domestica Coriandrum sativum

Solanaceae Zingiberaceae Apiaceae

Indian mustard Cumin Pepper Garlic Ginger Cardamom Long Pepper Nutmeg Cinnamon Clove Cinchona Allspice Fennel Oil Seeds Coconut Sesamum Groundnut Indian Mustard Castor Oil Palm Beverages Coffee Tea Cocoa

Kaduku Jeerakam Kurumulaku Veluthulli Inchi Etam Thippali Jathika Karuvapatta Grambu Cinchona Allspice Perumjeerakam
Thengu Ellu Nilakkadala Kaduku Avanakku Ennappana
Kappi Theyila Cocoa

Brassica juncea

Brasslcaceae

Cuminum cyminum

Apiaceae

Piper nigrum

Piperaceae

Allium sativum

Liliaceae

Zingiber officinale

Zingiberaceae

Elettaria cardamomum

Zingiberaceae

Piper longum

Piperaceae

Myristica fragrans

Myristicaceae

Cinnamomum zeylanicum Lauraceae

Syzygium aromaticum

Myrtaceae

Cinchona officinalis

Rubiaceae

Pimenta dioica

Myrtaceae

Foeniculum vulgare

Apiaceae

Cocos nucifera Sesamum indicum Arachis hypogaea Brassica juncea Ricinus communis Elaeis guineensis

Arecaceae Pedaliaceae Fabaceae Brassicaceae Euphorbiaceae Arecaceae

Coffea spp. Camellia sinensis Theobroma cacao

Rubiaceae Theaceae Sterculiaceae

Green Manure Crops

Glyricidia

Seemakonna

Crotalaria(Striped) Kilukki

Sunnhemp

Kattuchanambu

Calapagonium

Calapagonium

Kudzuvine

Kudzu payar

Wild indigo

Kozhinji

Fodder Crops Bermuda

Karuka

Napier

Napier

Guinea

Kuthirappullu

Para

Parapullu

Tropical kudzu

Kudzu

Other Crops Tobacco

Pukayila

Betel vine

Vettila

Arecanut

Kamuku

Para rubber

Rubber

Sugarcane

Karimbu

Trees Teak

Thekku

Ebony

Karimaram

Jungle jack/Aini

Anjili

Poon

Kattupunna

Gliricidia maculata

Fabaceae

Crotalaria mucronata

Fabaceae

Crotalaria juncea

Fabaceae

Calapagonium mucunoides Fabaceae

Pueraria javanica

Fabaceae

Tephrosia purpurea

Fabaceae

Cynodon dactylon Pennisetum purpureu Panicum maximum Brachiaria mutica Pueraria phaseoloides

Poaceae Poaceae Poaceae Poaceae Fabaceae

Nicotiana tabacum Piper betle Areca catechu Hevea brasiliensis Saccharum officinarum

Solanaceae Piperaceae Arecaceae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae

Tectona grandis Diaspyros ebenum Artocarpus hirsutus Calophyllum polyanthum

Verbenaceae Ebenaceae Moraceae Clusiaceae

Tree of Heaven

Perumaram

Sain/Laurel

Karimaruthu

Kindal

Vellamaruthu

Gurjun

Vella Ayani

Iron wood tree

Kadamaram

Venteak

Venthekku

Siris

Vaka

Yellow teak

Manja Kadambu

Dita bark

Yezhilam pala

Ekadania

Mulluvenga

Mahogany

Mahagany

Indian rose wood

Eetty

Jack

Plavu

Bead tree

Manjadi

MEDICINAL PLANTS

Black Culch

Karingali

Asparagus

Sathavari

Brahmi Aparjit Indian borage Nut grass Sadovani Sarivan Indian sarasaparilla Pennywort

Neerbrahmi Sankupushpam NjavaralPanikoorka Muthanga Velipparuthy Orila Narunandi Kudangal

Ailanthus excelsa

Simaroubaceae

Terminalia erenulata

Combrentaceae

Terminalia paniculata

Combrentaceae

Dipterocarpus indicus

Dipterocarpaceae

Xylia zylocarpa

Mimosaceae

Lagerstroemia microcarpa Lythraceae

Albizia lebbeek

Fabaceae

Haldina cordifolia

Rubiaceae

Alstonia scholaris

Apocynaceae

Bridelia squamosa

Euphorbiaceae

Swietenia mahogani

Meliaceae

Dalbergia latifolia

Fabaceae

Artocarpus heterophyllus Moraceae

Adenanthera pavonina

Mimosaceae

Acacia catachu

Mimosaceae

Asparagus racemosus Var. javanicus

Liliaceae

Bacopa monnieri

Scrophulariaceae

Clitoria ternatea

Fabaceae

Coleus amboinicus

Lamiaceae

Cyperus rotundus

Cyperaceae

Pergularia daemia

Asclepiadaceae

Desmodium gangeticum

Fabaceae

Hemidesmus indicus

Asclepiadaceae

Centella asiatica

Apiaceae

Kachura

Kacholam

Neem

Veppu

Holybasil

Thulasi

Jaramala

Keezharnelli

Long Pepper

Thippali

Rauvolfia

Sarpagandhi

Garden Rue

Sathappu/Arutha

Sida

Kurumthotti

Gulancha (Hindi Name)

Chittamruthu

Antamul (Hindi Name) Vallippala

Khas.khas

Ramacham

Nirgandi (Hindi Name) Karinochi

Asgand (Hindi Name) Amukuram

Baloonvine

Uzhinja

Kaempferia galanga Azadirachta indica Ocimum sanctum Phyllanthus fraternus Piper longum Rauvolfia serpentina Ruta graveolens Sida rhombifolia
Tinospora cordifolia
Tylophora indica Vetiveria zizanioides Vitex negundo Withania somnifera Cardiospermum helicacabum

Zingiberaceae Meliaceae Lamiaceae Euphorbiaceae Piperaceae Apocynaceae Rutaceae Malvaceae Menispermaceae Asclepiadaceae Poaceae Verbenaceae Solanaceae Sapendaceae

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CULTIVATED CROPS OF KERALA Common Name Malayalam Name