Discussions on Genius and Intelligence


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Discussions on Genius and Intelligence

Discussions on
Genius and Intelligence
Mega Foundation Interview with Arthur Jensen
Christopher Langan and Dr. Gina LoSasso
and Members of the Mega Foundation, Mega International and the Ultranet
Eastport, New York
Mega Press
2002

Mega Press Eastport, New York
Copyright © 2002 by Mega Foundation, Inc.
Published by Mega Foundation, Inc. P. O. Box 894
Eastport, NY 11941 http://www.MegaPress.org Mega Press and Mega Foundation Press are trademarks of the Mega Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recorded, or otherwise, without the prior permission of the Mega Foundation.
Graphic design and book layout by Gina Lynne LoSasso

Table of Contents
Forward Question 1 - IQs of Famous Persons Question 2 - g-loading Across Abilities Question 3 - Multiple Intelligences Question 4 - Real World Problem-Solving Question 5 - Physiological Basis of g Question 6 - Power Tests Question 7 - Mind-Body Connection Question 8 - Scholastic Achievement Question 9 - High IQ Societies Question 10 - Creativity and IQ Question 11 - Genius and Insanity Question 12 - The Upper Limit of IQ Question 13 - Problem-Solving Algorithms Question 14 - Flynn Effect and IQ Measurement Question 15 - Relative vs. Absolute Measures

Question 16 - Flynn Effect and Black IQ Distribution Question 17 - Regression and “Late Bloomers” Question 18 - Actualizing IQ Potential Question 19 - Financial Success and Humanitarianism Question 20 - Falling Through the Cracks Question 21 - IQ and Professional Competency Question 22 - The Existence of the g-Factor Question 23 - Intellectual Degeneracy Question 24 - Dysgenic Trends Question 25 – Eugenics and Social Structure Question 26 - IQ Genes Question 27 - Smart Drugs Question 28 - Genetic Engineering Question 29 - Biocybernetics Question 30 – Minorities and Quotas Question 31 - Mental Chronometry About the Mega Foundation About Mega Press

Forward
Arthur R. Jensen is a prominent educational psychologist who received his PhD from Columbia in 1956. He did his postdoctoral research in London with Hans J. Eysenck, author of the absorbing HIQ must-read Genius: The Natural History of Creativity. Jensen is best known for a very controversial essay on genetic heritage that was first published in the February, 1969 issue of the Harvard Educational Review, in which his research on individual differences in intelligence led him to conclude that intelligence is 80% due to heredity and 20% due to environmental influences. Even more controversial were his findings regarding robust and replicable ethnic differences in fluid intelligence. Coming on the heels of Herrnstein & Murray's controversial bestseller The Bell Curve, the extremely well-conceived and well-executed research findings that Jensen revealed in The g Factor: The Science of Mental Ability (1998) finally moved the heritability debate into an arena

where it could be satisfactorily explored and challenged in the light of day.
We contacted Dr. Jensen in May, 2001 and introduced him to the Mega Foundation, our work, and our communities, asking him if we might forward to him a few of our members’ questions on the topic of intelligence. Although he was in the process of writing a new book, Dr. Jensen very kindly took the time out of his busy schedule to answer all of our questions. (Special thanks to Dr. Robert N. Seitz, Andrea Lobel, Bob Williams and our other members, for contributing questions, ideas and feedback.) This extensive and fascinating interview, as transcribed by Kelly Self and edited by Christopher Langan and Dr. Gina LoSasso, was excerpted in Noesis-E prior to its publication of this electronic book. Those who wish to print out the interview may prefer the singlespaced excerpts available at the UltraHIQ website.

Question #1
Christopher Langan for the Mega Foundation: It is reported that one of this century’s greatest physicists, Nobelist Richard Feynman, had an IQ of 125 or so. Yet, a careful reading of his work reveals amazing powers of concentration and analysis…powers of thought far in excess of those suggested by a z score of well under two standard deviations above the population mean. Could this be evidence that something might be wrong with the way intelligence is tested? Could it mean that early crystallization of intelligence, or specialization of intelligence in a specific set of (sub-g) factors – i.e., a narrow investment of g based on a lopsided combination of opportunity and proclivity - might put it beyond the reach of g-loaded tests weak in those specific factors, leading to deceptive results?
Arthur Jensen: I don’t take anecdotal reports of the IQs of
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famous persons at all seriously. They are often fictitious and are used to make a point - typically a put-down of IQ test and the whole idea that individual differences in intelligence can be ranked or measured. James Watson once claimed an IQ of 115; the daughter of another very famous Nobelist claimed that her father would absolutely “flunk” any IQ test. It’s all ridiculous. Furthermore, the outstanding feature of any famous and accomplished person, especially a reputed genius, such as Feynman, is never their level of g (or their IQ), but some special talent and some other traits (e.g., zeal, persistence). Outstanding achievement(s) depend on these other qualities besides high intelligence. The special talents, such as mathematical, musical, artistic, literary, or any other of the various “multiple intelligences” that have been mentioned by Howard Gardner and others are more salient in the achievements of geniuses than is their typically high level of g. Most very high-IQ people, of course, are not recognized as geniuses, because they haven’t any very outstanding creative achievements to their credit. However, there is a threshold property of IQ, or g, below which few if any individuals are even able to develop high-level complex
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Discussions on Genius and Intelligence