An Operators Approach to Terminal Automation


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An Operators Approach to Terminal Automation
SESSION VI: Elements of Container Terminal Planning and Design
Dr. -Ing. Felix Kasiske, Partner, Head of Terminal Development & Design

Long Beach, CA, 18th October 2011

© HPC Hamburg Port Consulting GmbH 1

Agenda

An Operators Approach to Terminal Automation

Introduction Approach to Terminal Planning & Design Upgrading of Terminal Facilities Foresights of the Future Terminal Automation

© HPC Hamburg Port Consulting GmbH 2

Introduction
HPC Hamburg Port Consulting GmbH
 Founded in 1976 as subsidiary of the HHLA Hamburger Hafen und Logistik AG  Around 100 experts (incl. subsidiaries, w/o HPC Ukraine), annual turnover in 2010
approx. € 13 million  Reputation as one of the world's leading consultants in the port sector  Since 1976 port and transport related projects in more than 100 countries,
private and public sector  Approx. 1100 projects world-wide with extensive experience in
container terminal planning  Subsidiaries for port training & management (HPTI) and transport solutions
(Uniconsult), HPC Ukraina as terminal operator in Odessa (Ukraine)
© HPC Hamburg Port Consulting GmbH 3

Introduction
HHLA Container Terminals in Hamburg
CTT Container Terminal Tollerort

CTB Container Terminal Burchardkai

Unikai Empty Container Storage (LZU)

CTA Container Terminal Altenwerder
March 2007 © Hamburger Hafen und Logistik AG

© HPC Hamburg Port Consulting GmbH 4

HPC Services
Container Terminal Automation Planning

Assessment Preparation

Design & Planning

Full Service Provider

Realization

Commissioning
& Operations Improvement

Automated Container Terminals

Introduction

Conceptual planning

- System selection

- System calibration

1

Concept validation

- Static assessments

- Dynamic simulations

2

Equipment definition

- Specification

- Tender Support

- Construction supervision

3

IT + TOS selection

- Business Process Definition (BPM)

- Specification

- Tender support

4

Integration / Commissioning

- IT + equipment integration support

- Commissioning support

- Operations Optimization

5

© HPC Hamburg Port Consulting GmbH 5

Terminal Automation Planning
Development Drivers & Goals

Introduction

External Drivers

Meeting Point

Operator Internal Goals

Environmental concerns & fleet development
Labour availability & reliability
Economy & market development
Increasing traffic vs.
limited area sizes
Equipment evolution & technology

Terminal Automation
Customer Satisfaction

Improve safety and labour conditions
Lowering life cycle costs
Reduce equipment damage
Increase the level of service
Increase stacking density
© HPC Hamburg Port Consulting GmbH 6

Agenda

An Operators Approach to Terminal Automation

Introduction Approach to Terminal Planning & Design Upgrading of Terminal Facilities Foresights of the Future Terminal Automation

© HPC Hamburg Port Consulting GmbH 7

General Approach
Automation as Philosophy

Approach to Terminal Planning & Design

Automation Technology to reach the Peak Efficiency Level at Required Flexibility

To automate
- inputs/outputs to the process are perfectly understood - inputs/outputs are stable and homogeneous - inputs/outputs are in mass production - the quality, productivity & utility to be increased
(with a high level of service and specific capacity) - the material handling to be decreased - labour cost significantly high - labour safety to be increased

Not to automate
- inputs/outputs to the process aren’t understood - inputs/outputs are volatile - inputs/outputs have changing characteristics - the performance is adaptable with the given
equipment - processes may have to involve human interference
(physically or in decision making) - Labour cost are very low even at high reliability

 Direct investment cost is only one block of total cost in automation, majority is

related to set-up, integration and optimization!

© HPC Hamburg Port Consulting GmbH 8

Approach to Terminal Planning & Design
General Approach
Efficient Automation Level
• Equipment cost • Training cost • M&R cost • Cost of operations breakdown • Opportunity cost for reduced flexibility
Cost

• Productivity gains

Benefits

• Quality improvement

• Process stabilisation and reliability

• Electrification and emission reduction

• Safety improvement

• Image gains

Ability

• Ability to integration • Complexity management • Usability • Safety and regulatory frameworks

 Level of automation is a trade-off to be thoroughly evaluated!
© HPC Hamburg Port Consulting GmbH 9

General Approach
Aspects to be considered
Planning an automated terminal requires several aspects to be considered:
• Geography and topography of the selected area • Space availability (general footprint & depth of area) • Land and water transport links with the hinterland • Type and size of vessels per visit • Terminal annual throughput goal per year • Projected productivity and utilization level • Service level • Investment costs • Yard Layout (┴ or ∕∕ ) • Peak factors (waterside, yard, landside)

Approach to Terminal Planning & Design

Waterside

Export

Import Transhipment
Interchange Zone

Perpendicular

Parallel

Storage Yard
Landside

Gate Gate
Entry Exit

Interchange Zone
Interchange Zone
DB

© HPC Hamburg Port Consulting GmbH 10

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An Operators Approach to Terminal Automation