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Student Manual
Maritime & Industrial Training Center



Table of Contents Class Schedule


Section 1- Introduction TankBarge, Regulatory Compliance


Section2- Petroleum & Characteristics


Section 3- Safe Operations


Section 4- Pollution Prevention


Section 5- System Components, Pump Designs & Instruments


Section 6- Cargo Operations (LOADING) & (DISCHARGING)


Section 7- Emergency Procedures


Section 8- Vapor Emission Control


Section 9- Gas Freeing


Section 10- Stability, Stress & Trim






Static Electric Discharge Hazard On Bulk Oil Tank Vessels- Phase 1 Report Prepared for Commandant G-MTH-2, Engineering Branch US Coast Guard Headquarters London Convention 1972 and 1996 Protocol, 2003 Edition International Maritime Organization ISBN: 92-801-4155-4
Code of Federal Regulations 33CFR Subchapters M and 0 46CFR Subchapters D and 0
Standard Marine Navigational Vocabulary (IMO-985E) MARPOL 73/78 Consolidated Edition 2011 fifth edition, Annex I of MARPOL 73/78: Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Oil ISBN: 978-92-801-1532-1 Inert Gas Systems 1990 Edition, International Maritime Organization ISBN: 92-801-1262-7 ICS / OCIMF IAPH, International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals (ISGOTT), 5TH edition, Witherby Seamanship International, 4 Dunlop Square, Deans Estate Livingston, EH54 8SB U.K., Reprinted 2014 (ISBN 13: 978 1 85609 291 3 and 10: 1 85609 291 7)
Oil Pollution Act 1990.0PA 90 US Code, 1990
Tanker Operations: A Handbook for Person-in-Charge (PIC), by Mark E. Huber Fifth Edition 2010
Stability and Trim for the Ship's Officer, 4th Edition /by William E. George; based on the original by J.H. La Doge and L. Van Gerent third printing 2010
Training Guidelines for Tank Vessel Personnel API Recommended Practice 1139 American Petroleum Institute, 2'nd Edition, 1993
Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards Chapter 17.1 Guidelines for Marine Inspection American Petroleum Institute, 2014

Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards Chapter 17.0 Marine Measurement; Section 2- Measurement of Cargoes on Board Tank Vessels, American Petroleum Institute, May 1999 – Reaffirmed September 2011
American Bureau of Shipping, Guild for Exhaust Emission Abatement, October 2013
Guide for Cargo Vapor Emission Control Systems on Board Tank Vessels American Bureau of Shipping, 1990
Vessel Spills. Prevention by Design Marine Board, 1991
Controlling Hydrocarbon Emission from Tank Vessel Loading Marine Board, 1987
Standard for Control of Gas Hazards on Vessels NFPA No.306 National Fire Protection Assn 2014 Edition
Navigation and Vessel Inspection Circular No. COMDTPUB P16700.4 NVIC 1-96 Subj: Safety standards for the design and operation of a marine vapor control system (VCS) at tank barge cleaning facilities Chemical Data Guide for Bulk Shipment by Water: Commandant Instruction M16616.6A, 08/11/1990 United States Coast Guard
Manual For The Safe Handling Of Flammable And Combustible Liquids And Other Hazardous Products CG-174 United States Coast Guard, Department of transportation; September 1, 1976
Section 1
Regulatory Compliance

Introduction: Organizations:
Ratification: Treaties: Modify Laws: ISM:

Tank vessels operate under a variety of laws, rules and regulations. These interlocking regulations form a web linking rules for operation and vessel construction on the:
 International level  National level  Local levels
In this module we will introduce you to the main organizations that implement and enforce the regulations we live with. The organizations are as follows:
 IMO  Marpol 73/78  Other international conventions  The U.S. Coast Guard
The International Maritime Organization is an international organization operating under the auspices of the United Nations. The IMO has no direct regulatory authority. The IMO regulations are agreed to:
 By the member countries of the organization, or flag states  As set forth in conventions  By IMO regulatory compliance for International waters
The flag state members and other countries ratify these conventions through their own congresses or parliaments.
When enough countries have ratified the conventions, they enter into force as international treaties.
It is incumbent upon each flag state member to modify its own national laws to:
 Meet the standards of the conventions; or  Enact rules more stringent than the conventions
The International Safety Management (ISM) Code means the International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Vessels and for Pollution Prevention adopted by IMO by

resolution A.741 and can be found in Annex 1 of SOLAS 1997 edition. The ISM Code requires that the owners or operators shall:
 Comply with the requirements of the ISM Code  Hold a Document of Compliance  Maintain its safety management system in accord with the ISM Code and be
subject to periodic verifications


Towing Safety Management System is to be used as part of the proposed Subchapter M requirements. The proposed requirements for the Towing Safety Management System (TSMS) contained in 46 CFR 138.220(c) (2) states: “Procedures must be in place to ensure safety of property, the environment and personnel.” But the procedures have not been formalized by USCG to date.
 August 2011: The U.S. Coast Guard announced publication in the Federal Register of a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) designed to improve safety on towing vessels.
 The NPRM provides a layered approach to towing vessel safety that includes the option of an audited safety management system or an annual Coast Guard inspection regime.
This acronym refers to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Vessels, (Marine Pollution) 1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978. This convention covers pollution of the seas from all sources. The particular regulations are contained in the following annexes:
 Annex I: the Prevention of Pollution by Oil
The revised MARPOL Annex I (Oil) Regulations for the prevention of pollution by oil was adopted in October 2004 and enters into force on 1 January 2007. It incorporates the various amendments adopted since MARPOL entered into force in 1983, including the amended regulation 13G (regulation 20 in the revised annex) and regulation 13H (regulation 21in the revised annex) on the phasing-in of double hull requirements
 Annex II: the Control of Pollution by Noxious Liquid Substances;
The revised MARPOL73/78 Annex II (Noxious Liquid Substances) addresses discharge criteria and measures for controlling pollution caused by noxious liquid substances carried in bulk. About 250 substances have been evaluated and included in a list appended to the Convention. Annex II limits at sea discharges by requiring that discharge of residues be made to reception facilities, except

United States: More Stringent: OPA 90:

under specified conditions.
Other MARPOL Annexes
 Annex Ill: the Prevention of Pollution by Harmful Substances in Packaged Forms
 Annex IV: the Prevention of Pollution by Sewage  Annex V: the Prevention of Pollution by Garbage
There are many laws and regulations in the United States that governs oil or petro chemicals shipping and Pollution.
 Oil Pollution Act of 1961  The Federal Water Pollution Control Act  The Clean Water Act  The Ports and Waterways Safety Act  The Port and Tanker Safety Act  The Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships  Regulations set forth by the government's regulatory agencies (Code of Federal
Regulations, CFR); and  State laws and local ordinances.
If a state or local regulation is more stringent than the national or international regulation, the more stringent regulation shall apply.
FWPCA: The Federal Water Pollution Control Act (FWPCA) was amended by the Clean Water Act (CWA) and both names are now in general use for the statute. The FWPCA was further amended by the passage of OPA90. It is codified at 33USC§1251etseq.This legislation prohibits discharges of oil or hazardous substances, in such quantities as may
 Into or upon the navigable waters of the U.S., adjoining shorelines, or into or upon waters of the contiguous zone or
 Which may affect natural resources in the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
OPA90 revised the FWPCA to strengthen and expand the nation's oil and hazardous substances spill prevention, preparedness, and response activities. It further required the President to promulgate an amended National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) that expands the Federal government’s removal authority, increases the responsibility of Federal OSCs during responses, and broadens

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