Program for creating and modeling clothing patterns Valentina


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Program for creating and modeling clothing patterns “Valentina”
Roman Telezhynskyi, Olga Krasnyashchikh
Edition 1.5, 2020-12-23

Content
Dedicated to. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2. What is Valentina? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3. Downloading and installing the program, contacts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
3.1. Download . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3.2. Installing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.3. Contacts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 4. Keyboard shortcuts and mouse actions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 4.1. Shortcut Keys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 4.2. Mouse actions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 5. General overview of the program, review of measurements and settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 5.1. General overview of the program and measurements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 5.2. Setting program properties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 5.3. Setting the pattern properties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 6. Program interface, basic functions. Getting started. The order of construction of the drawing. . . 24 6.1. Program interface, modes and overview of the main functions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 6.2. Drawing objects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 6.3. Getting started. The drawing object point, its label and parameters of the point. Parameters of objects in the program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 6.4. The procedure for constructing a drawing. The sequence of operations in the program. . . . . 24 6.5. Measuring of angles in the program. The angles of the lines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 6.6. Deleting objects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 6.7. Saving the pattern file. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 7. Creating a measurement file. Increments and calculated values. Import of measurements. Export measurements and increments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 7.1. Working with measurements files. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
7.1.1. Measurements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 7.1.2. Create a file with measurements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 7.1.3. Import Measurements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 7.1.4. Templates of measurements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 7.1.5. Export measurements.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 7.1.6. Synchronization of measurements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 7.2. Increments and calculated values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 7.2.1. Adding increments and calculated values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 7.2.2. Entering data by formula.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 7.2.3. Using mathematical functions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 7.2.4. Using a logical (conditional) operator.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 7.2.5. Local variables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

7.2.6. Export of increments and calculated values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 8. Drawing and operation tools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
8.1. "Point" tab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 8.1.1. "Point at the end of the segment" tool.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 8.1.2. "Point at distance along line" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 8.1.3. "Perpendicular point" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 8.1.4. "Point along bisector" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 8.1.5. "Special point on shoulder" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 8.1.6. "Triangle" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 8.1.7. "Point from X and Y coordinates of two other points" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 8.1.8. "Perpendicular point along line" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 8.1.9. "Point intersect line and axis" tool.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 8.1.10. "Midpoint between two points" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
8.2. "Line" tab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 8.2.1. "Line between points" tool.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 8.2.2. "Point at line intersection" tool.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
8.3. "Curve" tab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 8.3.1. "Simple curve" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 8.3.2. "Simple Split Curve" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 8.3.3. "Curve which uses a point as a control handle" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 8.3.4. "Curved path" (complex curve) tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 8.3.5. "Segmenting a curved path" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 8.3.6. "Tools for creating curves" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 8.3.7. "Point at the intersection of curves" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 8.3.8. "Point at the intersection of curve and axis" tool.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
8.4. "Arc" tab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 8.4.1. "Arc" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 8.4.2. "Segmenting an arc" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 8.4.3. "Point at the intersection of arc and axis" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 8.4.4. "Point at the intersection of arcs" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 8.4.5. "Point at the intersection of circles" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 8.4.6. "Circle and tangent point" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 8.4.7. "Arc and tangent point" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 8.4.8. "Arc of a given length" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 8.4.9. "Point at the intersection of circle and segment or line" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
8.5. "Elliptical arc" tab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 8.5.1. "Elliptical arc" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
8.6. "Operations" tab.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 8.6.1. "Create New Group" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 8.6.2. "Object rotation" tool.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 8.6.3. "Flipping objects by line" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

8.6.4. "Flipping objects by axis" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 8.6.5. "Moving objects" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 8.6.6. "True darts" tool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 9. Creating pattern details and actions with details. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 9.1. Creating a new piece.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 9.1.1. Creating the outer contour of the piece. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 9.1.2. Changing the direction of the objects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 9.1.3. Creating the internal path of the piece. Parameters of the internal path. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 9.1.4. Inserting missing objects into a piece. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 9.1.5. Creating seam allowances. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 9.1.6. Adding notches on the piece. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 9.1.7. Setting the grainline on a piece. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 9.1.8. Mark the buttons location. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 9.1.9. Inscriptions on pattern pieces. Creating label templates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 9.2. Setting other pieces parameters.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 9.2.1. "Paths" section, "Main path" tab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 9.2.2. Setting pins. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 9.3. Actions with created pieces.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 9.3.1. Merging pieces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 9.3.2. Creating a copy of the part.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 9.3.3. Deleting pieces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 10. Layout of pattern pieces, saving the pattern file, paper printing of the pattern. Final measurements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 10.1. Further actions with pieces and printing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 10.1.1. Exporting a pattern from the Details mode.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 10.1.2. Selection and exclusion of pieces in the layout. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 10.1.3. Creating a pattern layout. Setting the layout parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 10.1.4. Paper printing of the pattern. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 10.1.5. Printing the layout directly from the program.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 10.2. Final measurements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 11. Errors in drawings when working with the program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 11.1. Restoring pattern files. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 12. Frequently asked questions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Appendix A: Command line keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 A.1. Valentina application command line keys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 A.2. Tape application command line keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Dedicated to.
The person who supported me all this time. As well as my family and all the people who took part in the writing of this book and the development of the project.
1

Chapter 1. Introduction.
The development of computer technology and the widespread expansion of the Internet has changed our lives forever. Many areas of our lives have been radically transformed. In this very dynamic time, considering the opportunities that computer technology offers us is a matter of life and death for industries and individual enterprises. Many of them have already taken up the challenge and successfully adapted to these new conditions. Others have only taken too meagre steps to realize their full potential.
As for the garment industry, things are not going as fast as we would like them to. Not all industry has yet realized the importance of this transition. Because of the complexity of the solutions, their cost, the fragmentation and the general weakness of information literacy, integration takes place at a much smaller pace. Most of the time, it is quite difficult to convince your interlocutor that it makes sense to study and use one of the available solutions. Major players have long recognized the importance of this transition, but the solutions available to them, because of their high cost, are not available to most.
In many industries, the solution to the problem of high software costs has become developing free/open source software. If you were interested in the history of the GNU/Linux operating system, you know what prompted its authors to create a fundamentally new operating system. The proliferation of proprietary software has created a new problem for the end user. In pursuit of profit, in order to protect their intellectual property, software developers try to limit user rights as much as possible. Many people disagree with this approach and try to change the situation somehow. They decided to offer users softwares that anyone can distribute and modify at their own discretion.
Currently, open source projects are successfully used in various industries. In practice, they have shown their effectiveness in difficult situations. Some source code projects are undisputed leaders in their field. Others successfully compete with proprietary solutions and due to this competition improve the quality of software solutions in general. Examples of successful open source projects include operating systems, Internet browsers, office suites, graphics editors, web servers and much more.
People around the world have realized how much it is important that solutions are accessible in order to continue progress. Successful experiences in other industries have inspired us to follow the same path, and create by common work an accessible software for everyone.
The book you hold is unique. It provides the first complete description of all the functions of the open source project "Valentina" in English. We thank you for purchasing this user manual and thus supporting the further development of the project. Without you, further development of the project would be impossible.
The purpose of this book is to familiarize the reader with the basics of working in the program, a detailed description of all the functions and operations that may seem ambiguous. It is designed for people familiar with the design of clothing, as well as having good computer skills. Use it to put your knowledge into practice and enter a new digital era.
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Chapter 2. What is Valentina?
"Valentina" (Valentina) is a cross-platform software for drawing patterns using traditional methods and 2D system, which allows patternmakers and designers to design and fashion their own patterns of clothing. The program allows to create patterns using both standard (multidimensional) as well as individual measurements tables. Valentina combines new technologies with traditional methods, which makes this program truly unique. A catastrophically insufficient number of computer tools for creating patterns is available. Many people, faced with a similar task, resort to using CAD-systems or graphic editors. However, it is obvious that these programs were originally designed for completely different purposes and cannot be effectively used to accomplish specific tasks (for example, adding seam allowances). Adaptation of such systems to the needs of pattern making is only a partial solution. Even after adaptation, such programs can be used for qualitative creation of patterns in one size, but quickly adapting the pattern to another person in another size becomes difficult. The pattern has to be re-created from scratch. At this stage, "Valentina" proves to be indispensable. Properly designed patterns must allow simple change of parameters (for example, other dimensional values), to achieve automatic adjustment in accordance with the new values, and to get the same product for another person from a different size, without having to build the pieces again manually, nor having to use other methods of gradation. “Valentina” provides a system allowing to generate templates, where the lengths and positions of lines in a drawing are set independently by using mathematical formulas, functions, and conditional operators. This makes the program suitable for all clothing design techniques. At the moment the program is moving towards suitability for use in the garment industry. However, "Valentina" is a universal program and can be used not only in production, but also in small studios, for training, and by private tailors and sewing lovers. It facilitates the work of tailors and reduces the time spent on tailoring.
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Chapter 3. Downloading and installing the program, contacts.

3.1. Download
"Valentina" is a cross-platform software. Therefore, the user is provided several versions of installers and packages for different operating systems. All officially supported packages can be downloaded on the official website of the project - https://smart-pattern.com.ua.



Installation of the program from third-party resources is not recommended. This may entail security risks. Always check for developer signatures to detect spoofing. Exceptions are the official distribution repositories, as well as app stores.

Windows users can check the publisher’s identity of the program at startup. When Windows (in its modern versions) requests confirmation, information on the publisher is provided at the same time.

A separate page has been created for downloading the program on the official website. Select the
menu Valentinа › Download in the top menu.

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The program download page will open. There is a download section at the bottom of this page.
The site automatically detects the user’s operating system and offers the required installer or installation package for download. To download it, you just need to click the Download button, and the installer will be downloaded directly to your computer. If the proposed download package does not suit you or you need to download the program for another operating system, you need to click the "View other options". You will be presented with a list of packages for the operating systems supported by the program. You need to choose one of them. The installation method will depend on which OS you are using. In general, you will be
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Program for creating and modeling clothing patterns Valentina