Introduction to Bangla Language, Peace Corps/Bangladesh


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INTRODUCTION TO THE BANGLA LANGUAGE

The text accompanies the following ten (10) audio tracks:

• BD_Bangla_Lesson_1.mp3 • BD_Bangla_Lesson_2.mp3 • BD_Bangla_Lesson_3-4.mp3 • BD_Bangla_Lesson_5-6.mp3 • BD_Bangla_Lesson_7-8.mp3 • BD_Bangla_Lesson_9-10.mp3 • BD_Bangla_Lesson_11-12.mp3 • BD_Bangla_Lesson_13.mp3 • BD_Bangla_Lesson_14.mp3 • BD_Bangla_Lesson_15-16.mp3

(Time: 3:37) (File Size: 3.31 MB) (Time: 2:42) (File Size: 2.48 MB) (Time: 1:24) (File Size: 1.28 MB) (Time: 1:35) (File Size: 1.45 MB) (Time: 3:09) (File Size: 2.89 MB) (Time: 3:20) (File Size: 3.05 MB) (Time: 2:26) (File Size: 2.23 MB) (Time: 3:11) (File Size: 2.91 MB) (Time: 2:37) (File Size: 2.40 MB) (Time: 3:05) (File Size: 2.83 MB)

A.1 VOWELS

A. THE BANGLA ALPHABETS

A Av B C D E F G H I J
A.2 VOWEL SYMBOLS

v w x y ~ „ ‡ ‰ ‡v ‡Š
A Av B C D E F G H I J

Example: K (one of consonants)+ vowel symbols
K Kv wK Kx Ky K~ K„ ‡K ‰K ‡Kv ‡KŠ kO ka ki ki ku ku kri ke kai ko kou

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A.3 VOWEL PRONUNCIATION

Phonetics O (short sound) a i (short sound) i
u u ri e/E
oy/ai/ay (diphthong: o+y or a+i or a+y) o
ou/au (diphthong: o+u or a+u)

Vowels A
Av B
C
D E F G
H
I
J

Pronunciation is pronounced as 'a' in about or ‘o’ in object, October, original is pronounced as ‘a’ in arcade, father, car is pronounced as ‘e’ in economy, dEny or as ‘i’ in ignore, Iliad is pronounced as ‘e’ in EdEn, eat or as ‘ee’ in feet or as ‘i’ in police or as ‘y’ in year, yield is pronounced as ‘u’ in put, butcher, Lucifer is pronounced as ‘oo’ fool, root or as ‘u’ in rude is pronounced as ‘ri’ in rich, ring, purify is pronounced as ‘e’ in day, bay or as ‘e’ in ebony, element is pronounced as ‘oy’ in oyster, hoydEn or as ‘i’ in high or as ‘y’ in bye
is pronounced as ‘o’ in code, hotel or as ‘oo’ in door, floor is pronounced as ‘ou’ in sour, hour, drowsy or ‘au’ in cow, vow , owl

B.1 CONSONANTS

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

_

`

a

b

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c

d

e

f

g

h

i

j

k

l

m

n

o

p

q

r

s

t

u

B.2

CONSONANTS SOUND

Type Voiceless Stop Voiced

Other

Note

Un-aspirated Aspirated Un-aspirated Aspirated Nasal Trill Flap Lateral Spirants

Velar

K

ka

L

MN O

kha ga gha ng

Palatal P cha

Q

R

chha ja

S

T

jha yan

Retroflex U

V

W X

Y

In order to produce these sounds the back of the tongue is raised so that it touches the soft part of the palate The middle of the tongue touches the hard palate while producing these sounds These sounds

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Type Voiceless Stop Voiced

Other

Note

Un-aspirated Aspirated Un-aspirated Aspirated Nasal Trill Flap Lateral Spirants

Ta Tha Da Dha na

DEntal Z ta

_

`a b

tha da dha na

Labial c

d ef g

pa pha ba bha ma

are produced with the tip of the tongue curving back towards the oral cavity; the tongue slightly touching the hard palate first The tip of the tongue touches teeth ridge and then it is held back to produce these sounds In the production of these sounds the lips are at first closed blocking the air passage completely, and then opened to release the air

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Type Voiceless Stop Voiced

Other

Note

Un-aspirated Aspirated Un-aspirated Aspirated Nasal Trill Flap Lateral Spirants

Liquids h
Ja Sibilants n, q

i

j

ra

la

o, p

k, l, m

Ja: is produced with the lips unrounded; with either side (Liquid) of the tongue touching the upper teeth
ra, la: the tongue makes a rapid succession of taps against the teeth ridge, producing there by a soft short and rolling sound
sha: These sounds are produced very much like the 'sh' sound in English
sa: This sound is produces very much like the 's' in son
ha: The tongue remains neutral and the sound is thoroughly glottal with a slight pressure in the abdomen

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Type Voiceless Stop Voiced

Other

Note

Un-aspirated Aspirated Un-aspirated Aspirated Nasal Trill Flap Lateral Spirants

ha, ya

Ra

sha,

sha, sa

LESSON 1: SOME USEFUL BANGLADESHI PHRASES

English
Good morning Assalamu Aleykum Walaikumus Salam How are you?. I’m fine Thank you Ok. Fine Very good How bad! Really? What did you say? Just a moment What happened? Excuse me. May be Please say again I didn’t understand Please say slowly I understood Please say in English I like it I don’t like it I need it I don’t need it Where is it What to do? See you again Just kidding I don’t know

Phonetics Bangla
shubho sOkal assalamu alaikum walaikum assalam apni kEmon achhen? ami bhalo achhi dhonnobad Thik achhe Thik achhe khub bhalo ki kharap! sotti? apni ki bolchhilen? Ektu OpEkhkha kOren ki holo? maph kOrben sOmbhobOto dOya kore arekbar bolun ami bujhte pari nai dOya kore aste bOlen ami bujhte perechhi dOya kore ingrejite bOlun ami eTa pOchhondo kori ami eTa pOchhondo kori na amar eTa proYojOn ache amar eTa proYojOn nai eTa kothaY ache? ki korte hobe? abar dekha hobe dushtami korchi ami janina

Bangla
ïf mKvj Avm&mvjvgy-AvjvBKzg IqvjvBKzg&-Avm&mvjvg Avcwb †Kgb Av‡Qb? Avwg fvj AvwQ ab¨ev` wVK Av‡Q wVK Av‡Q Lye fvj wK Lvivc! mwZ¨? Avcwb wK ejwQ‡jb? GKUz A‡c v Ki“b wK n‡jv? gvd Ki‡eb m¤¢eZt `qv K‡i Av‡iKevi ejyb Avwg eyS‡Z cvwi bvB `qv K‡i Av‡¯— ejyb Avwg eyS‡Z †c‡iwQ `qv K‡i Bs‡iRx‡Z ejyb Avwg GUv cQ›` Kwi Avwg GUv cQ›` Kwi bv Avgvi GUv c‡Ö qvRb Av‡Q Avgvi GUv c‡Ö qvRb bvB GUv ‡Kv_vq Av‡Q? wK Ki‡Z n‡e? Avevi †`Lv n‡e `zóvwg KiwQ Avwg Rvwbbv

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English
Life is such O my God! Alas! Holy cow! How strange! No problem It doesn’t matter I can speak a little bit of Bangla

Phonetics Bangla
eaito jibOn haY khoda! haY! bapre bap! ki ashchorjo somossa nai eTa kono bishOY na ami Olpo bangla bolte pari

Bangla
GB‡Zv Rxeb nvq †Lv`v! nvq! evc‡i evc! wK Avðh©! mgm¨v bvB GUv †Kvb welq bv Avwg Aí evsjv ej‡Z cvwi

I am learning language Never mind Good night

Bangla ami bangla bhasa shikhchhi Avwg evsjv fvlv wkLwQ

kichu mone korben na shuvo ratri

wKQz g‡b Ki‡eb bv ïf ivwÎ

LESSON 2: PHRASES FOR HOST FAMILY STAY

English
I am busy I am tired I like green vegetables I don’t eat hot I don’t eat meat I don’t eat spicy food
I don’t know Bangladeshi Culture, please teach me
Now I’ll go to do my homework I am feeling sleepy. I am feeling hungry My class starts at 08:00 a.m. I’ll come to take lunch at 01:00 p.m. I won’t come to eat today I won’t take breakfast today
I’ll return in the evening Please teach me Bangla
You are very nice people May I come in?

Phonetics Bangla

ami bEsto

ami klanto

ami sobji pOchhondo kori

ami jhal khai na

ami mangso khai na

ami mOshla deya khabar

khaina

ami

bangladesher

sOngskriti janina, dOya

kore amake shEkhan

Ekhon ami baRir kaj korte

jabo

amar ghum pachchhe

amar khudha peyechhe

amar klas sOkal aT Tay

shuru hOy

ami bEla Ek Tay dupurer

khabar khete asbo

ami aj khete asbo na

ami aj sOkaler nasta khabo

na

ami sOndhay phirbo

dOya kore amake bangla

shEkhaben

apnara khub bhalo lok

ami ki aste pari?

Bangla
Avwg e¨¯— Avwg K¬vš— Avwg meyR kvK me&wR cQ›` Kwi Avwg Svj LvB bv Avwg gvsm LvB bv Avwg gkjv †`qv Lvevi LvB bv
Avwg evsjv‡`‡ki ms¯‹…wZ Rvwbbv, `qv K‡i Avgv‡K †kLvb
GLb Avwg evwoi KvR Ki‡Z hve
Avgvi Nyg cv‡”Q Avgvi zav †c‡q‡Q Avgvi K¬vk mKvj 8 Uvq ïi“ nq
Avwg †ejv 1 U&vq `ycy‡ii Lvevi †L‡Z Avme Avwg AvR †L‡Z Avme bv Avwg AvR mKv‡ji bv¯—v Lve bv
Avwg mܨvq wdie `qv K‡i Avgv‡K evsjv †kLv‡eb
Avcbviv Lye fvj †jvK Avwg wK Avm‡Z cvwi?

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English
Mom cooks tasty food
Ok, now I’ll leave Is it ok to walk at night?
Are there any insects at home? Are there snakes around?

Phonetics Bangla
amma khub mOjar khabar ranna kOren Thik achhe, ami Ekhon jabo ratre haTte jaowa ki nirapOd? baRite ki poka makoR achhe? ashe pashe ki sap achhe?

Bangla
Av¤§v Lye gRvi Lvevi ivbœv K‡ib
wVK Av‡Q, Avwg GLb hve iv‡Î nuvU‡Z hvIqv wK wbivc`?
evox‡Z wK †cvKv-gvKo Av‡Q?
Av‡k-cv‡k wK mvc Av‡Q?

LESSONS 3: COMPETENCY: COMMON INTRODUCTION

Vocabulary used under the dialogue:

English
Name What Is Your My Is not Home Where

Phonetics
nam ki hOY tomar amar hOY na baRi kothaY?

Bangla

Bangla
bvg wK nq ‡Zvgvi Avgvi nq bv evox ‡Kv_vq?

The Dialogues:
English
What is your name? My name is John. Where is your home? I am from Ohio

Phonetics Bangla
apnar nam ki? amar nam jOhn apnar baRi kothaY? amar baRi ohio

Bangla
Avcbvi bvg wK? Avgvi bvg Rb Avcbvi evox †Kv_vq? Avgvi evox InvBI

LESSON 4: COMPETENCY: BEGINNING CONVERSATION

Vocabulary used under the dialogue:

English
Fine How Thank you And

Phonetics Bangla
bhalo kemon donnobad ebOng

Bangla
fvj ‡Kgb ab¨ev` Ges

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The Dialogues:
English
John, how are you? I am fine, thank you And you? I am also fine

Phonetics Bangla
john apni kEmon achhen? ami bhalo achhi, donnobad ebOng apni? amio bhalo achhi

Bangla
Rb, Avcwb †Kgb Av‡Qb? Avwg fvj AvwQ, ab¨ev` Ges Avcwb? AvwgI fvj AvwQ

LESSONS 5: COMPETENCY: GETTING AROUND

Vocabulary used:

English
Where Over there Market

Phonetics Bangla
kothaY oidike bajar

Bangla
‡Kv_vq Hw`‡K evRvi

The Dialogues:
English
Assalamu Aleykum Walaikumus Salam Where is the market? It’s over there Thank you

Phonetics Bangla
assalamu alaikum walaikum assalam bajar kothaY? oidike donnobad

Bangla
Avm&mvjvgy-AvjvBKzg IqvjvBKzg&-Avm&mvjvg evRvi †Kv_vq? Hw`‡K ab¨ev`|

LESSON 6: COMPETENCY: TAKING A RICKSHAW

Vocabulary used:

English
Hey Where How much Fare Ten Taka (money) Market

Phonetics Bangla
eai kothaY kOto bhaRa dOsh Taka bajar

Bangla
GB ‡Kv_vq KZ fvov `k UvKv evRvi

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The Dialogues:

English
Hey Rickshaw! Will you go? Where? I shall to go to the market Yes, I shall go How much is the fare? 10 taka Ok, let’s go! Ok.

Phonetics Bangla
eai riksha! jaben? kothaY? ami bajare jabo hYa, ami jabo bhara kOto? dOsh taka Thik achhe, cholen Thik achhe

Bangla
GB wiKkv! hv‡eb? ‡Kv_vq? Avwg evRv‡i hve n¨uv, Avwg hve fvov KZ? 10 UvKv wVK Av‡Q, P‡jb wVK Av‡Q

LESSONS 7: COMPETENCY: INQUIRING ABOUT COMMUNICATION FACILITY

Vocabulary used:

English
It Here There Where Post Office Have Don’t have And Facility Nearby

Phonetics
eTa Ekhane okhane kothaY dakghOr achhe nai ebOng shubidha kachhe

Bangla

Bangla
GUv GLv‡b ILv‡b ‡Kv_vq WvKNi Av‡Q bvB Ges myweav Kv‡Q

The Dialogues:

English
Assalamu Aleykum Walaikumus Salam Where is the Post Office? It’s over there Do you have e-mail and fax here? No we don’t have Where are the facilities of e-mail and fax? It’s nearby Post Office Thank you

Phonetics Bangla
assalamu alaikum walaikum assalam dakghOr kothaY? oidike Ekhane e-mail ebOng fax achhe? na, nai e-mail ebOng fax shubidha kothaY achhe? eTa dakghOrer kachhe donnobad

Bangla
Avm&mvjvgy-AvjvBKzg IqvjvBKzg&-Avm&mvjvg WvKNi †Kv_vq? Hw`‡K GLv†b B-‡gBj Ges d¨v· Av‡Q?
bv, bvB B-‡gBj Ges d¨v· myweav †Kv_vq Av‡Q? GUv WvKN‡ii Kv‡Q ab¨ev`

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