The Manual of Dermatology


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The Manual of Dermatology

Jennifer A. Cafardi
The Manual of Dermatology

Jennifer A. Cafardi, MD, FAAD Assistant Professor of Dermatology University of Alabama at Birmingham Birmingham, Alabama, USA [email protected]

ISBN 978-1-4614-0937-3

e-ISBN 978-1-4614-0938-0

DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-0938-0

Springer New York Dordrecht Heidelberg London

Library of Congress Control Number: 2011940426

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012 All rights reserved. This work may not be translated or copied in whole or in part without the written permission of the publisher (Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013, USA), except for brief excerpts in connection with reviews or scholarly analysis. Use in connection with any form of information storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar methodology now known or hereafter developed is forbidden. The use in this publication of trade names, trademarks, service marks, and similar terms, even if they are not identified as such, is not to be taken as an expression of opinion as to whether or not they are subject to proprietary rights. While the advice and information in this book are believed to be true and accurate at the date of going to press, neither the authors nor the editors nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.

Printed on acid-free paper

Springer is part of Springer Science+Business Media (www.springer.com)

Notice
Dermatology is an evolving field of medicine. Research and clinical experience continue to broaden our approach to illnesses, therapies and our general approach to disease. Readers are advised to check the most current product information available, which is provided by the manufacturer of each medication and device to verify dosages, duration of administration and contraindications. Although every effort has been made to give the most up to date and clinically relevant material, it is the responsibility of the treating physician, relying on experience and knowledge of the patient, to determine the dosages and treatment plans best suited to the individual patient. The author of this book assumes no liability for any injury and/or damage to persons or property arising from this publication.
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Contents
Notice................................................................................................................ v The Manual Dermatology .............................................................................. 1
Coding .......................................................................................................... 1 Hair Disorders .............................................................................................. 15 Nail Disorders .............................................................................................. 65 Pediatric Dermatology ................................................................................. 83 Procedural Dermatology .............................................................................. 155 Med Toxicity Monitoring ............................................................................. 165 General Derm ............................................................................................... 205 Index................................................................................................................. 549
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List of Abbreviations

5-FU 5-HIAA AA ABX ACC ACTH AD AE AFX AGEP AK AKN ALA ALT AN ANA AR ASLO AZA BCC BP BSLE CAH CARP CCB CCCA CLL CMTC CNH CP CTCL CTD CVD CXR

5-Fluorouracil 5-Hydroxyindole acetic acid Alopecia areata Antibiotics Aplasia cutis congenita Adrenocorticotropic hormone Autosomal dominant Adverse events Atypical fibroxanthoma Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis Actinic keratosis Acne keloidalis nuchae Aminolevulinic acid Alanine transaminase Acanthosis nigricans Antinuclear antigen Autosomal recessive Antistreptolysin O Azathioprine Basal cell carcinoma Bullous pemphigoid Bullous systemic lupus erythematosus Congenital adrenal hyperplasia Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis Calcium channel blockers Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia Chronic lymphocytic leukemia Cutis marmorata telangiectatica congentia Chondrodermatitis nodularis helices Cicatricial pemphigoid Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma Connective tissue disease Cardiovascular disease Chest x-ray

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List of Abbreviations

DDx DFA DFSP DH DHEA-S DHT DIC DIF DIRA DLE
DLSO DM DRESS dz E&M EAC EB EBA ED&C EDP EDV EED EGFR EM EN EPS ESR ESRD ETOH FCAS FFA FH FMF G6PD GA GFR GI GVHD HA HAIR-AN
HCTZ HIV HPV

Differential diagnosis Direct fluorescent antibody Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans Dermatitis herpetiformis Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate Dihydrotestosterone Disseminated intravascular coagulation Direct immunofluorescence Deficiency of the interleukin-1-receptor Discoid lupus erythematosus (also known as chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus ) Distal lateral subungal onychomycosis Dermatomyositis or diabetes mellitus (depending on context) Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms Disease Evaluation and management Erythema annulare centrifugum Epidermolysis bullosa Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita Electrodessication and curretage Erythema dyschromicum perstans Epidermodysplasia verruciformis Erythema elevatum diutinum Epidermal growth factor receptor Electron microscopy or Erythema multiforme (depending on context) Erythema nodosum Elastosis perforans serpiginosa Erythrocyte sedimentation rate Endstage renal disease Ethanol Familial cold auto-inflammatory syndrome Frontal fibrosing alopecia Family history Familial mediterranean fever Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase Granuloma annulare Glomerular filtrate rate Gastrointestinal Graft versus host disease Headache Hyperandrogenism (HA), insulin resistance (IR) and acanthosis nigricans (AN) Hydrochlorothiazide Human immunodeficiency virus Human papillomavirus

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The Manual of Dermatology