Status of Engineering College Libraries in Bhubaneswar Region


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Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

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Fall 9-9-2019
Status of Engineering College Libraries in Bhubaneswar Region of Odisha, India: A Comparative Study
Bhanu Partap
[email protected]
Payel Saha
KIIT Deemed-to-be-University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha (India), [email protected]

Follow this and additional works at: https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac Part of the Library and Information Science Commons
Partap, Bhanu and Saha, Payel, "Status of Engineering College Libraries in Bhubaneswar Region of Odisha, India: A Comparative Study" (2019). Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal). 2722. https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/2722

Status of Engineering College Libraries in Bhubaneswar Region of Odisha, India: A Comparative Study
Dr. Bhanu Partap
Assistant Librarian, Nehru Library CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar- 125 004 (India)
E-mail: [email protected]
Payel Saha
Library Assistant, Central Library KIIT Deemed-to-be-University
Bhubaneswar, Odisha- 751 024 (India) E-mail: [email protected]
Abstract The aim of the present study is to explore the current status of engineering college libraries in Bhubaneswar region of Odisha, India. A questionnaire based survey has been conducted in the selected engineering college libraries in Bhubaneswar region of Odisha and tried to assess the current status of staff, collection, services, Information Technology infrastructure, etc. The copies of well structured questionnaire have been distributed among the ten engineering college libraries in Bhubaneswar in the month of March 2019, out of which, six college libraries have been responded positively. It was found that all the responded engineering college libraries were providing Internet and Wi-Fi services and have adopted open access system to its collection. The library of ITER has the highest number of books (1,25,000) in its collection, whereas, the library of CVRCOE has 65,874 and the SIOT has 60,800 books. Further, The library of CVRCOE has 1,19,526 e-books and 778 e-journals, whereas, the library of ITER has 1,00,000 e-books and the library of HCOE has 5,000 e-books in its collection. It is also found that all the libraries under study were automated their activities and services with the implementation of professional library management software, as well as offering open access to its collection. Based on the findings, the researchers were also suggested that all the libraries under study must be concentrate on service quality and for that, libraries should regularly take the feedback from the users so that necessary improvement can be done as per the actual prerequisite of the users’.
Keywords: Engineering colleges, Engineering libraries, ICT, Internet, Information services, Staff, Collection, Budget, Library status, Assessment
Introduction In this era of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), the world is turned over in a global village. Every walk of human life has drastically changed due to wide effect of computer and information technology. In this change scenario, education sector is also not exception to this. Now, the education system is totally depending on computers or information and communication technology. Library is an important part of education system at every level; hence, a library may play a very important role in imparting quality education by providing information and resources timely. Libraries are now treated as access point to

acquire knowledge and skills at a faster pace. These days, due to need of the hour, the libraries are providing better support to access electronic information and resources on a wide range of topics, such as e-Databases, e-Journals, e-Magazines, e-Books, e-Audio, e-Images, Digital Library Projects, e-Exhibitions, e-Subject Guides, e-Newsletters, e-Conference Proceedings and Web search tools etc.
As any library will plays a very pivotal role for providing updated and relevant information resources to every type of patterns, engineering colleges and their libraries will also plays a very crucial role for imparting technical knowledge and producing future engineers. For acquiring engineering education and technical skills, engineering colleges will plays a very important role in which future engineers get highly expertise. Similarly, libraries of engineering colleges will also plays very crucial role for providing updated information resources to the engineering students or future engineers so that they may get relevant information for their success or future endeavour.
Engineers play a key role in the development of an organization as well as for any nation. Due to technological challenges faced worldwide, engineering and technical colleges have now the extra liability to provide better engineering and technical education to the future engineers or technocrats so that they will acquire highly technological competencies. Therefore, in this challenging era of ICT, there is a need to establishing good engineering colleges.
To evaluate the current status of libraries of different specialization in different parts of India, a lot of studies have been conducted in past but very few studies were conducted on engineering colleges. From Eastern part of India, no such type of studies has been found. Therefore, a study was planned to fill this gap and will try to know the current status of engineering college libraries in Bhubaneswar region of Odisha state, which is situated in eastern part of India.
Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar is the capital city of the state of Odisha in the eastern part of India, which is also known as the temple city of India. Bhubaneswar is the land of Kalinga and has some of the finest temples, which are made in the Kalinga architectural style. Bhubaneswar is well connected with world’s famous religious place, i.e., Jagannath Puri Dham and Sun Temple at Konark, which forms the golden triangle. Bhubaneswar is one of the first planned cities in India and a hub of education and Information Technology (IT), which hosts some of India’s best institutions such as the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT), Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT), Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences (KISS), Regional Institute of Education (RIE), International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), and Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA), etc.
In Odisha State, particularly in Bhubaneswar region, has many institutions for engineering, management, medical, law, energy, social sciences and in other field of specializations for the purpose of higher education and research, which has its own reputation throughout India.

Engineering Education “Engineering education started in USA during 1819-1824 with a one year programme and four year programme starting in 1850s. The first half of 20th century registered very high growth in engineering education institutions in USA, Great Britain and other European countries. In India we can trace the development of engineering education with the setting of the College of Engineering, Guindy in Madras (Started as survey school in 1790) and then some of the notable institutions were established in India like the Civil Engineering College in Roorkee in 1848, Engineering College in Madras offering course in mechanical engineering in 1894, Civil Engineering College in Shibpur, Calcutta in 1856 (named Bengal Engineering College in 1920) and Poona Civil Engineering College at Pune in 1864, Banaras Hindu University (1916), Visvesvaraya College of Engineering (1917) and Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur (1920). It was during the first half of twentieth century that many universities started engineering colleges but the growth of engineering education in India accelerated in later part of the twentieth century. There are more than 10,000 engineering colleges in India presently. The implementation of recommendations of knowledge commission has tremendously boosted the growth of engineering institutions with the entry of private sector in the arena” (Kanojiya, Jaiswal, & Deepti, 2012, p. 146). Bhanu Partap (2016) has discussed in his paper that “engineering education in India is broadly structured into three levels viz. the Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) offer certificate courses, Polytechnics offer diploma courses and Engineering colleges, Engineering departments in universities, NITs, IITs, and other higher education institutes offer graduate and higher degree courses”. As per the latest report issued for 2018-19 by the All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE), there are 10,398 diploma and post-diploma, degree offering institutions in the country with an annual intake capacity of over 35.51 lakh. The AICTE has also reported that there is 4,397 degree-granting (B.Tech./B.E.) engineering colleges in India, which has the capacity of annual student intake of 15.81 lakh.
AICTE and Engineering Education “The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) was set up in November 1945 based on the recommendations of CABE to stimulate, coordinate and control the provisions of educational facilities and industrial development of the post war period. At that time, mandate of AICTE basically covered only Programmes in Engineering and Technology. The growth of industries in the Country, just after independence, also demanded the need for qualified professionals in other fields such as Business Management, Architecture, Hotel Management, Pharmacy, Applied Art and Craft, etc. The Policy Shift during eighties towards involvement of Private and Voluntary Organizations in the setting up of Technical and Management Institutions on self financing basis ushered in an era of unprecedented expansion of the Technical Education System, a trend which has continued during successive Five Year Plans. It was in this context that AICTE was given statutory powers by the AICTE Act of Parliament in 1987, with a view to ensure the proper planning and coordinated development of Technical Education System throughout the Country” (Approval Process Handbook- AICTE, 2018-19, p. 12-13).

Literature review The status of engineering college libraries have been quite extensively investigated from time to time in different parts of the country but it is not possible to cover here all the studies. Therefore, only a few relevant studies have been discussed here as follows:
Deka (2013) conducted a study to know the status of ICT application in college libraries of Dhemaji District of Assam and found that there is no facility of Internet, Wi-Fi, Fax, etc. in the surveyed colleges and even the librarians who were working in those colleges, have not basic ICT skills. On the other hand, a study was conducted by Mehar Singh (2013) to know the status of engineering college libraries in Sonipat District of Haryana and noticed that the majority of the engineering college libraries had implemented automation to improve the quality of services, however, none of the libraries had the availability of CAS/SDI and indexing/abstracting services for their users. While surveying Government engineering college libraries in Punjab to know the trends in ICT usage, Rattan (2013) noticed that around 65% of the users were availing the facility of computerized circulation in their libraries, whereas, 50% of the respondents were of the view that existing computer terminals are not sufficient for the present use and wants to enhance the facility. A similar type of study was also conducted by Talukdar (2013), in which he tried to explore the current status of application of ICT in engineering college libraries of Guwahati and found that all the college libraries under study were using SOUL 2.0 library management software for automation purposes and were providing ICT based library services like Circulation, OPAC, Access to online journals and Internet services, etc. A survey was conducted to explore the present status of engineering college libraries in Sri Venkateswara University area, Andhra Pradesh and observed that a big majority of the libraries (93%) were using Dewey Decimal Classification scheme to classify the documents and were providing good Internet facility, whereas, around 80% libraries in engineering colleges under study were not been operated in separate buildings (Balu and Reddy, 2014). To know the status of engineering college libraries in Dehradun region of Uttarakhand, a survey was conducted by Bhanu Partap (2015) and found that 26.66% libraries had less than 10,000 books in its collection and 93.33% libraries were subscribing electronic journals, whereas, all the responded libraries were not have sufficient staff at lower level to provide good library services. In an another study, Bhattacharya and Das (2015) have tried to investigate the present status of e-resources available in the engineering college libraries of West Bengal and noticed that 85% colleges were providing access to electronic databases to its users and 94% of the colleges under study were subscribing to the different e-journal packages (Databases) mentioned in the AICTE handbook. Anasane (2016) has tried to explore the status of engineering college libraries in Vidharbha region of Maharashtra and found that more than 78% libraries in Vidarbha region do not meet the prescribed norms and standard of AICTE for building, staff, collection and services, even did not appointed adequate staff (Excluding Librarian) as per the AICTE norms and standards, hence, the libraries were unable to provide efficient and better services to their users. In an another study conducted by Bhanu Partap (2016) to know the current status of engineering college libraries of Ambala District of Haryana and found that out of 10 responded libraries, only one library had more than 50,000 books in its collection and subscribing more than 80 journals, however, the researcher had also suggested that the

colleges need to strengthen their libraries in terms of staff positions, buildings, collection development policy and salary structure to the professionals. To know the status of ICT infrastructure and services of libraries of SRMSWCET Bareilly and DBITE Dehradun, a comparative study was conducted by Bhanu Partap and Tiwari (2018) and observed that librarians had not been treated as faculty members in both of the college libraries, whereas, the library of SRMSWCET- Bareilly had strong collection as compared to the library of DBITE- Dehradun.
Statement of the problem Bhubaneswar is one of the fastest developing and smart cities of India and also recognized as hub of education in Odisha State, where many educational institutions have been setup by the state Government of Odisha and the Government of India. Most of the institutions are funded by private managements and some are Government funded also. There are lots of engineering colleges also in the region, which offers engineering and technical education and have some reputation in their area. These colleges offer diploma, undergraduate, post-graduate and doctoral courses in engineering education. A study of the status of their libraries could reveal some interesting facts. Therefore, a study of engineering colleges of Bhubaneswar region was planned, to know the current status of their libraries and to know how much these libraries are ready to meet the growing and rapidly changing expectations of future engineers.
Scope and limitation of the study The present study is confined to the current status of engineering college libraries in Bhubaneswar region of Odisha, India. The study is limited to those engineering college libraries, which have responded to the request for filling up the questionnaire.
Objective of the study The present study was intended to know the current status of Engineering College Libraries in Bhubaneswar region of Odisha, India, however, the following objectives of the study were intended to be achieved:
• Status of availability of staff and staff development policy • Status of collection and collection development policy • Status of various types of services being provided • Availability of physical infrastructure and resources • Status of automation of library system and services • Status of Information Technology (IT) infrastructure • Status of budget provision
Research Methodology Based on the objectives of the study and review of literature, a well structured questionnaire was prepared to collect the data from the selected engineering colleges. The data were collected by visited personally to the engineering colleges during February-March 2019. In some cases, multiple visits were also made to seek maximum response from the concerned colleges and telephonic conversation was also made for seeking clarifications regarding given information in the questionnaires returned by them. In the month of February-March 2019, ten engineering colleges were selected on randomly basis for conducting the survey to know the current status of their libraries. Out of ten engineering college libraries, six libraries were

responded positively by filling the questionnaires timely so six valid questionnaires have been used for data analysis and interpretation. Thus overall response rate has been achieved @60% and the collected data have been analysed by using simple percentage analysis method.

Data analysis and results The analysis of data as per the objectives of the study is presented in the following tables:

Table 1: General profile of responded engineering colleges

Sr. Name of No. the college

Year of
Estb.

Affiliation with

Approved by

1. OEC

1986

Biju Patnaik University of Technology

AICTE, Govt. of Odisha

2. ITER

1997

Shiksha ‘O’ Anusandhan

AICTE, UGC, Govt. of Odisha

3. CVRCOE

1997

Biju Patnaik University of Technology

AICTE, Govt. of Odisha

4. COEB 5. HCOE 6. SIOT

1999 2000 2001

Biju Patnaik University of Technology Biju Patnaik University of Technology Biju Patnaik University of Technology

AICTE, Govt. of Odisha
AICTE, Govt. of Odisha
AICTE, Govt. of Odisha

Courses offered
B.Tech., M.Tech., Diploma B.Tech., M.Tech., M.Sc., BCA, MCA B.Tech., M.Tech., Ph.D., Diploma, MBA, MCA, Marine B.Tech., M.Tech., Diploma B.Tech., M.Tech., Diploma B.Tech., M.Tech., Diploma

Financial status
Self Finance
Self Finance
Self Finance
Self Finance
Self Finance
Self Finance

The general profile information of responded engineering colleges in Bhubaneswar region of Odisha (India) is reflected in Table 1. It is evident from the above table that Orissa Engineering College (OEC)-1986 is the oldest established engineering college in Bhubaneswar region. On the other hand, Institute of Technical Education and Research (ITER) was established in 1997, while C.V. Raman College of Engineering (CVRCOE) was also established in 1997 and College of Engineering Bhubaneswar (COEB) was established in 1999 followed by Hi-Tech College of Engineering (HCOE)-2000 and Silicon Institute of Technology (SIOT) was established in the year of 2001. The OEC, CVRCOE, COEB, HCOE and SIOT are affiliated to Biju Patnaik University of Technology, Bhubaneswar. Since its inception, ITER was affiliated to Utkal University, Bhubaneswar and then to Biju Patnaik University of Technology, Bhubaneswar. In 2007, University Grants Commission (UGC) in its Act of 1956 Under Section 3, ITER was upgraded to the status of Deemed to be University in the name of Shiksha ‘O’ Anusandhan, Bhubaneswar. The programs offered by all the responded engineering colleges are recognize and approved by the AICTE, Government of Odisha and UGC. All the responded engineering colleges under study were offering B. Tech. and M. Tech. programs. The OEC, CVRCOE, COEB, HCOE and SIOT are also offers Diploma program in various branches of engineering, whereas, among the responded colleges, only CVRCOE offers Doctoral program in addition to its core courses. Apart from

this, ITER also offers M.Sc., BCA and MCA courses in addition to core courses, while CVRCOE also offers MBA, MCA and Marine courses. All the responded engineering colleges were self financed, and run by private management committees or board.

Table 2: Profile of responded engineering college libraries-I

Sr. Name of the Separate

Budget

Library

No. college

library building

preparation

Advisory Committee
(LAC)

1. OEC

Yes

Yes

Yes

2. ITER

Yes

Yes

Yes

3. CVRCOE

Yes

Yes

Yes

4. COEB

No

No

No

5. HCOE

No

Yes

No

6. SIOT

No

Yes

No

Written book
selection policy Yes No No Yes Yes Yes

Written weeding out
policy
Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes

The data given in Table 2 represents that the OEC, ITER and CVRCOE were operated their libraries in separate building, while in COEB, HCOE and SIOT, the libraries were being operating in one of the floor of main building of the college. The OEC, ITER and CVROE had the provision of Library Advisory Committee (LAC), whereas, there is no such type of committee had existed in COEB, HCOE and SIOT. So far concerned with provision of budget preparation, except COEB, all the libraries of responded engineering colleges were preparing their annual budget. On the other hand, the libraries of OEC, COEB, HCOE and SIOT have framed written weeding out policy, while the libraries of ITER and CVRCOE have not any such type of policy. Similarly, all the responded engineering college libraries under study, except ITER, have framed written weeding out policy.

Table 3: Profile of responded engineering college libraries-II

Sr. Name of

Total

Total

Adequacy of

No. the college membership

seating capacity

present provision of
seats

1. OEC

2210

80

Yes

2. ITER

2525

1500

Yes

3. CVRCOE

5360

450

Yes

4. COEB

3459

35

Yes

5. HCOE

2050

100

Yes

6. SIOT

4455

216

Yes

Access system for collection
Open Open Open Open Open Open

Alternative arrangement
for electricity
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Among the responded engineering college libraries, the library of CVRCOE has the highest membership of users (5360) as highlighted in the Table 3, whereas, the library of SIOT has 4455 members followed by COEB (3459), ITER (2525), OEC (2210) and HCOE (2050) respectively. So far concerned with the seating capacity in the reading halls of library, the ITER has the maximum seating capacity (1,500) followed by CVRCOE (450), SIOT (216), HCOE (100), while in the libraries of OEC (80) and COEB (35) has very less seating capacity. All the engineering college libraries were positively responded that the present provision of seats is quite adequate in their reading halls and have proper alternative arrangement for power backup during electric failure. All the responded engineering college libraries were follow open access system for its collection so that users would see all the

relevant collection together and get access the same freely without asking any help of library staff.

Table 4: Library staff
Sr. Name of No. the college

Staff status

Satisfaction with salary, status and working conditions

Librarian Deputy Librarian Assistant Librarian Library Assistant Professional Assistant Library Restorer Library Attendant Library Cleaner Librarian’s Qualification Staff development policy Adequacy of supporting staff

1. OEC

1 1 2 1 - - 2 2 MLIS, Yes Yes

Yes

Ph.D.

2. ITER

2 - 4 7 - - 3 2 MLIS, Yes Yes

Yes

Ph.D.

3. CVRCOE 1 - 11 2 - - 4 2 MLIS, Yes Yes

Yes

Ph.D.

4. COEB

1 - 3 2 - - - 2 MLIS Yes Yes

No

5. HCOE

1 1 2 - - - - 2 MLIS, Yes Yes

Yes

Ph.D.

6. SIOT

1 1 2 2 - - - 3 MLIS, Yes Yes

Yes

Ph.D.

The data given in Table 4 reveals the present status of staff provision in the responded engineering college libraries in Bhubaneswar region of Odisha (India). It was noticed that all the responded engineering colleges have appointed qualified librarian in their libraries with at least master degree in library and information science. Among the responded engineering college libraries, except COEB, all the librarians were also possessed Ph. D. degree besides core degree program. So far concerned with other library positions, the library of OEC, HCOE and SIOT have one deputy librarian as well to support their librarians. On the other hand, all the libraries under study have also appointed assistant librarians ranges from two to eleven. Except the library of HCOE, the position of library assistant was also filled by all the libraries under study ranges from one to seven, while the libraries of OEC, ITER and CVRCOE have also appointed library attendants in its premises ranges from two to four. Apart from the library professionals, all the libraries under study, except SIOT, have the provision of two library cleaners in their premises, whereas, the library of SIOT has appointed three library cleaners for cleanliness of premises and providing better hygienic environment to their users. All the responded engineering colleges under study have promoted their library staff to enhance their skills by joining technical workshops, seminars and conferences. With regard to the adequacy of supporting staff in libraries, all the responded engineering college libraries were admitted that the present provision of supporting staff is quite sufficient. The library staffs of OEC, ITER, CVRCOE, HCOE and SIOT have showed their satisfaction towards their salary, status and current working conditions, whereas, the staff of COEB were not fully satisfied.

Table 5: Print collection in libraries

Sr. Name of the

Books

No. college

1. OEC

25,000

2. ITER

1,25,000

3. CVRCOE

65,874

4. COEB

10,450

5. HCOE

36,000

6. SIOT

60,800

Journals
18 32 151 12 50 75

Magazines
20 10 35 16 35 10

Newspapers
05 10 09 03 10 05

The current status of print collection in responded engineering college libraries is given in Table 5 and it is very clear from the above table that the library of ITER has the highest number of books (1,25,000) in its collection followed by the library of CVRCOE (65,874), SIOT (60,800), HCOE (36,000), OEC (25,000) and COEB (10,450) respectively. So far concerned with the print journals, maximum number of journals has been subscribed by CVRCOE library (151) followed by the library of SIOT (75), HCOE (50), ITER (32), OEC (18) and COEB (12) respectively. The libraries of CVRCOE and HCOE have been subscribing 35 magazines each, whereas, the libraries of ITER and SIOT have been subscribing 10 magazines each. On the other hand, the library of OEC has been subscribing 20 magazines, while the library of COEB has been subscribing 16 magazines for its readers. With regard to newspapers’ subscription, the libraries of ITER and HCOE have been subscribing ten newspapers each for their readers, whereas, the libraries of OEC and SIOT have been subscribing five newspapers each followed by CVRCOE (09) and COEB (03) respectively.

Table 6: Electronic collection in libraries

Sr. Name of the No. college

e-Books

e-Journals

1. OEC

1,360

15

2. ITER

1,00,000

16

3. CVRCOE

1,19,526

778

4. COEB

764

05

5. HCOE

5,000

35

6. SIOT

600

60

CDs/DVDs
100 20 5,427 150 485 798

AudioVisuals
90 Nil 528 47 50 165

Online Databases
11 16 03 Yes 65 25

The data pertaining to electronic collection in the responded engineering college libraries under study is given in Table 6. It is evident from the above table that the library of CRCOE has purchased maximum number of e-books (1,19,526) among the responded engineering college libraries followed by the libraries of ITER (1,00,000), HCOE (5,000), OEC (1,360), COEB (764) and SIOT (600) respectively. So far concerned with e-journals, the library of CVRCOE has been subscribing 778 e-journals followed by SIOT (60), HCOE (35), ITER (16), OEC (15) and COEB (05) respectively. Apart from this, the library of CVRCOE has also 5,427 CDs/DVDs in its collection; whereas, the library of SIOT has 798 CDs/DVDs followed by HCOE (485), COEB (150), OEC (100) and ITER has only 20 CDs/DVDs in its collection. On the other hand, the library of CRVCOE has also 528 audio-visuals in its collection, while SIOT has 165 audio-visuals followed by the library of OEC (90), HCOE (50) and COEB (47) respectively. The ITER has not any audio-visual collection in its library. With regard to the online databases, the library of HCOE has been subscribing 65 online

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Status of Engineering College Libraries in Bhubaneswar Region