2020 Tax Facts


Download 2020 Tax Facts


Preview text

WEALTH SOLUTIONS GROUP

2020 Tax Facts

ORDINARY TAX RATES AND BRACKETS

Taxable Income

Single
Married Filing Jointly
Married Filing Separately
Head of Household
Estates and NonGrantor Trusts

$0 - $9,875 9,875 – 40,125 40,125– 85,525 85,525– 163,300 163,300– 207,350 207,350– 518,400
518,400+
$0 - $19,750 19,750– 80,250 80,250– 171,050 171,050– 326,600 326,600– 414,700 414,700– 622,050
622,050+ $0 - $9,875 9,875 – 40,125 40,125 – 85,525 85,525– 163,300 163,300 – 207,350 207,350– 311,026 311,026+ $0 - $14,100 14,100 – 53,700 53,700 – 85,500 85,500 – 163,300 163,300 – 207,350 207,350 – 518,400 518,400+ $0 - $2,600 2,600 – 9,450 9,450 – 12,950
12,950+

Pay
$0 987.50 4,617.50 14,605.50 33,271.50 47,367.50
156,235
$0 1,975 9,235 29,211 66,543 94,735 167,307.50
$0 987.50 4,617.50 14,605.50 33,271.50 47,367.50 83,653.75
$0 1,410 6,162 13,158 31,830 45,926 154,793.50
$0 260 1,904 3,129

% on excess
10% 12 22 24 32 35
37
10% 12 22 24 32 35 37 10% 12 22 24 32 35 37 10% 12 22 24 32 35 37 10% 24 35 37

Of the amount over:
$0 9,875 40,125 85,525 163,300 207,350
518,400
$0 19,750 80,250 171,050 326,600 414,700 622,050
$0 9,875 40,125 85,525 163,300 207,350 311,026
$0 14,100 53,700 85,500 163,300 207,350 518,400
$0 2,600 9,450 12,950

• The tax rate on long-term capital gains and qualified dividends for individuals, estates and grantor trusts is also based on a bracketed system:

Long-Term Capital Gain Tax Rate

Single

Married Filing Joint

Married Filing Separately

Head of Household

Estates & NonGrantor Trusts

0%

$0 – 40,000

$0 – 80,000

$0 – 40,000

$0 – 53,600

$0 – 2,650

15%

$40,000 – 441,450 $80,000 – 496,600 $40,000 – 248,300 $53,600 – 469,050 $2,650 – 13,150

20%

$441,050+

$496,600+

$248,300+

$469,050+

$13,150+

• In addition, married taxpayers with Modified AGI over $250,000 ($200,000 if Single; $125,000 if Married Filing Separately) and estates/non-grantor trusts in the top tax bracket are subject to an additional 3.8% tax on Net Investment Income.

Robert W. Baird & Co. Incorporated. Baird does not provide tax advice. Please consult your tax advisor. Page 1 of 4

2020 Tax Facts, continued

STANDARD DEDUCTION / PERSONAL EXEMPTIONS
Single Married, filing jointly Married, filing separately Head of Household Additional deduction for aged or blind – married Additional deduction for aged or blind – single

2020
$12,400 $24,800 $12,400 $18,650 $1,300 $1,650

2019
$12,200 $24,400 $12,200 $18,350 $1,300 $1,650

2018
$12,000 $24,000 $12,000 $18,000 $1,300 $1,600

Personal Exemption

$0

$0

$0

AGI where itemized

Single

N/A

N/A

N/A

deduction/personal

Married Filing Joint

N/A

N/A

N/A

exemption phase-outs

Married Filing Separate

N/A

N/A

N/A

begin

Head of Household

N/A

N/A

N/A

• Personal exemptions and the phaseout of itemized deductions are both repealed as of 2018, but are scheduled to be reinstated after 2025.

KIDDIE TAX
Standard Deduction for dependent with no earned income Maximum net unearned income taxed at child’s rate (using the tax rates & brackets for a single filer) Floor beyond which additional unearned income is taxed at the parent’s tax rate Floor beyond which additional unearned income is taxed at the trust tax rates

2020 $1,100 $1,100
N/A
$2,200

2019 $1,100 $1,100
N/A
$2,200

2018 $1,050 $1,050
N/A
$2,100

• The standard deduction for a dependent is the greater of (i) $1,100 or (ii) the sum of $350 and the individual’s earned income.

ALTERNATIVE MINIMUM TAX

Single, Head of Household, Married Filing Joint, Trusts
Married Filing Separate

2020 Taxable Income
$0 - $197,900 $197,900 and above
$0 - $98,950 $98,950 and above

Pay $51,454 $25,727

Plus % on excess
26% 28% 26% 28%

Of the amount over:
$0 $197,900
$0 $98,950

• For AMT purposes, long-term capital gains and qualified dividends are taxed at either 15% or 20%, using the same income thresholds as for regular tax.

AMT Personal Exemption
Single Married Filing Joint Married Filing Separate Head of Household

2020
$72,900 $113,400 $56,700 $72,900

2019
$71,700 $111,700 $55,850 $71,700

2018
$70,300 $109,400 $54,700 $70,300

• For 2020, the AMT Exemption begins to phase for married couples with Alternative Minimum Taxable Income above $1,036,800 and above $518,400 for all other taxpayers. The amount of exemption lost equals 25% of AMTI over the applicable threshold.

Robert W. Baird & Co. Incorporated. Baird does not provide tax advice. Please consult your tax advisor. Page 2 of 4

2020 Tax Facts, continued

RETIREMENT PLAN CONTRIBUTION LIMITS
Traditional & Roth IRAs IRA and Roth IRA regular contributions IRA and Roth IRA catch-up contributions AGI phaseout range for IRA deduction - single
AGI phaseout range for IRA deduction - married
Roth IRA contribution AGI range – single
Roth IRA contribution AGI range – married

2020
$6,000 $1,000 $65,000$75,000
$104,000$124,000
$124,000$139,000 $196,000$206,000

2019
$6,000 $1,000 $64,000$74,000
$103,000$123,000 $122,000$137,000 $193,000$203,000

2018
$5,500 $1,000 $63,000$73,000
$101,000$121,000 $120,000 $135,000 $189,000 199,000

• Catch-up contributions to IRAs and Roth IRAs are available to taxpayers age 50 and older by 12/31/20. • For those not covered by an employer retirement plan but whose spouse is covered, the IRA deduction is phased
out for MAGI between $196,000 and $206,000 for 2020 ($193,000 and $203,000 for 2019).

Employer Plans
401(k), 403(b) regular contributions 401(k), 403(b) catch-up contributions Profit Sharing or MPP Individual 401(k) (Salary Deferral + Profit Sharing) Individual 401(k) (Salary Deferral + Profit Sharing) Including Age 50+ Catch-up SIMPLE IRA regular contributions SIMPLE IRA catch-up contributions SEP plan contributions Total Defined Contribution plan contributions Maximum compensation for plan benefit

2020
$19,500 $6,500 $57,000 $57,000
$63,500
$13,500 $3,000 $57,000 $57,000 $285,000

2019
$19,000 $6,000 $56,000 $56,000
$62,000
$13,000 $3,000 $56,000 $56,000 $280,000

2018
$18,500 $6,000 $55,000 $55,000
$61,000
$12,500 $3,000 $55,000 $55,000 $275,000

SOCIAL SECURITY TAXES AND BENEFITS
Maximum wages subject to FICA tax Maximum earned income before reduction in SS benefits (up to full retirement age) Maximum SS benefit, retiring at full retirement age

2020 $137,700 $18,240 $3,011/mo

2019 $132,900 $17,640 $2,861/mo

2018 $128,400 $17,040 $2,788/mo

• Earned income above threshold, for taxpayers younger than full retirement age, results in reduced Social Security benefits. Benefit amount is reduced by $1 for every $2 over the threshold.

Taxability of Benefits
Income Level

Single, Head of Household, Married Filing Separate $0 - $25,000
$25,000 - $34,000
Over $34,000

Married Filing Joint
$0 - $32,000 $32,000 - $44,000
Over $44,000

Taxable Portion of Benefits
0% Up to 50% Up to 85%

• Income for purposes of this test includes: 1. All income included on lines 1, 2b, 3b, 4b and Schedule 1 of the 2018 Form 1040 2. Any tax-exempt interest included on line 2a of Form 1040 3. Half the gross Social Security benefit itself

Robert W. Baird & Co. Incorporated. Baird does not provide tax advice. Please consult your tax advisor. Page 3 of 4

2020 Tax Facts, continued

HEALTH SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
Contribution Limit – Single Coverage Contribution Limit – Family Coverage Catch-up Contribution Minimum Deductible – Single Minimum Deductible – Family

2020
$3,550 $7,100 $1,000 $1,400 $2,800

2019
$3,500 $7,000 $1,000 $1,350 $2,700

2018
$3,450 $6,900 $1,000 $1,350 $2,700

• Catch-up contributions to HSAs are available to account holders age 55 and older by 12/31/20. • The Minimum Deductible shown above is the minimum amount allowed for the plan to be considered a High
Deductible Plan • Out of pocket expenses under the plan can’t exceed $6,900 for singles, $13,800 for a family.

ESTATE PLANNING
Decedents Dying In: 2009
2010
2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020

Lifetime Exemption Amount
$3,500,000 $5 million, but estates may elect no estate tax, with capital gain tax on appreciation
above $1.3 million $5,000,000 $5,120,000 $5,250,000 $5,340,000 $5,430,000 $5,450,000 $5,490,000 $11,180,000 $11,400,000 $11,580,000

Tax Rate 45%
35%
35% 35% 40% 40% 40% 40% 40% 40% 40% 40%

• Individuals may use the full $11,580,000 million exemption to make lifetime gifts without incurring gift tax (married couples up to $23,160,000). The 40% gift tax rate will apply to gifts above the exemption amount.

Annual Gift Tax exclusion

2020 $15,000

2019 $15,000

2018 $15,000

• The annual exclusion is indexed for inflation, but increases are only made in $1,000 increments and adjustments typically occur every few years.

Robert W. Baird & Co. Incorporated. Baird does not provide tax advice. Please consult your tax advisor. Page 4 of 4

Preparing to load PDF file. please wait...

0 of 0
100%
2020 Tax Facts