The Healthy Heart Handbook for Women


Download The Healthy Heart Handbook for Women


Preview text

�ear�THE HEALTHY
HANDBOOK FOR WOMEN

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) would like to express its gratitude to all of the women whose pictures and stories appear in this handbook. They have shared their stories from the heart to help other women understand that heart disease is not just a statistic, but a disease that affects the lives of real women, of all ages and backgrounds, in every community in our country.
We are also pleased to announce that this edition of “The Healthy Heart Handbook for Women” marks the 20th anniversary of this publication. Since the first edition rolled off the presses in 1987, this best-selling NHLBI book has reached hundreds of thousands of women with a vital, empowering message: You can take action to protect your heart health. As always, we hope that the stories of courage and healing in these pages will continue to inspire readers to act to protect their own health and well being. Thank you!

T H E H E A L T H Y ear H A N D B O O K F O R W O M E N

Mrs. Laura Bush, National Ambassador for The Heart Truth

Written by: Marian Sandmaier
NIH Publication No. 07-2720 Originally printed 1987 Previously revised 1992, 1997, 2003, 2005 Revised March 2007

con en s TABLE OF
ABOUT THIS NEW EDITION ———————————————————————————————— 7 THE HEART TRUTH —————————————————————————————————————— 8 GETTING THE WORD OUT ———————————————————————————————— 10 WHAT IS HEART DISEASE? ———————————————————————————————— 11 WOMEN AT RISK —————————————————————————————————————— 12
Every Risk Factor Counts ———————————————————————————————— 13 FINDING OUT YOUR RISK —————————————————————————————— 15
You and Your Doctor: A Heart Healthy Partnership —————————————— 15 MAJOR RISK FACTORS FOR HEART DISEASE ———————————————— 21
Smoking ———————————————————————————————————————————— 21 High Blood Pressure ———————————————————————————————————— 22 High Blood Cholesterol —————————————————————————————————— 29 Overweight and Obesity ———————————————————————————————— 38 Physical Inactivity —————————————————————————————————————— 42 Diabetes ———————————————————————————————————————————— 43 OTHER FACTORS THAT AFFECT HEART DISEASE —————————————— 49 Menopausal Hormone Therapy: What Every Woman Needs To Know ———— 49 Stress and Depression —————————————————————————————————— 52 Alcohol ———————————————————————————————————————————— 55 Birth Control Pills —————————————————————————————————————— 56 Sleep Apnea ———————————————————————————————————————— 58 TAKING CONTROL ———————————————————————————————————— 60 A FAMILY PLAN FOR HEART HEALTH —————————————————————— 61 AN ACTION PLAN FOR HEART HEALTH ———————————————————— 62 Eat for Health ———————————————————————————————————————— 63 Aim for a Healthy Weight ———————————————————————————————— 83 Learn New Moves ———————————————————————————————————— 94 You Can Stop Smoking ———————————————————————————————— 101 FOR WOMEN WHO HAVE HEART DISEASE ———————————————— 107 Screening Tests —————————————————————————————————————— 107 Medications ———————————————————————————————————————— 112 Special Procedures ———————————————————————————————————— 114 GETTING HELP FOR A HEART ATTACK ———————————————————— 115 Know the Warning Signs —————————————————————————————— 115 Get Help Quickly ———————————————————————————————————— 116 Plan Ahead ———————————————————————————————————————— 117 THE HEART OF THE MATTER ———————————————————————————— 119 HOW TO ESTIMATE YOUR RISK ———————————————————————— 120 TO LEARN MORE ———————————————————————————————————— 121

—5—

“THE HEART TRUTH MEANS TAKING CARE OF YOURSELF AND YOUR H E A RT — I N S I D E A N D O U T. I T I S A LONG-TERM COMMITMENT AND GOAL TO LIVE A HEALTHY LIFE, ONE THAT IS HARMONIOUS.” –Orlinda
—6—

abou THIS NEW EDITION
Research on women’s heart health is exploding. Nearly every week, it seems, the media report on new ways to prevent and treat heart disease in women—and it can be hard to keep track of it all. In this updated edition of “The Healthy Heart Handbook for Women,” we have put together all of this new knowledge in one easy-to-use handbook. This guide is part of The Heart Truth, a national public awareness campaign for women about heart disease sponsored by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and many other groups. (See “Getting the Word Out” on page 10.)
“The Healthy Heart Handbook for Women” will give you new information on women’s heart disease and practical suggestions for reducing your own personal risk of heart-related problems. You’ll find out about a little-known form of heart disease in women and how to get it diagnosed properly. The handbook will also help you make sense of widely publicized research on the impact of a lower fat diet on women’s heart disease risk.
There is much good news in these pages, including new findings that people who avoid heart disease risk factors tend to live healthier and longer lives. The handbook will give you the latest information on preventing and controlling those risks. You’ll also find new tips on following a nutritious eating plan, tailoring your physical activity program to your particular goals, and getting your whole family involved in heart healthy living. The handbook will also advise you on the warning signs of heart attack, as well as how to act quickly to get help.
So welcome to “The Healthy Heart Handbook for Women”—your one-stop source for the latest information on women’s heart disease and heart health.
—7—

THE

TRUTH

earhen you hear the term “heart disease,”
what is your first reaction? Like many women, you may think, “That’s a man’s disease” or “Not my
Wproblem.” But here is The Heart Truth: Heart disease is the #1
killer of women in the United States. Most women don’t know this.

But it is vital that you know it—and know what it means for you.

Some surprising facts:

■ One in 4 women in the United States dies of heart disease, while 1 in 30 dies of breast cancer.

■ Twenty-three percent of women will die within 1 year after having a heart attack.

■ Within 6 years of having a heart attack, about 46 percent of women become disabled with heart failure. Two-thirds of women who have a heart attack fail to make a full recovery.

The fact is, if you’ve got a heart, heart disease could be your problem. Fortunately, it’s a problem you can do something about. This handbook will help you find out your own risk of heart disease and take steps to prevent and control it.

For women in midlife, taking action is particularly important. Once a woman reaches menopause, her risks of heart disease and heart attack jump dramatically. One in eight women between the ages of 45 and 64 has some form of heart disease, and this increases to one in four women over 65.

—8—

Preparing to load PDF file. please wait...

0 of 0
100%
The Healthy Heart Handbook for Women