Who’s Who Among Greek Gods? Resource Packet


Download Who’s Who Among Greek Gods? Resource Packet


Preview text

Who’s Who Among Greek Gods?
How the World Was Created…according to GREEK Mythology
Who’s Who Among Greek Gods? Resource Packet

Who’s Who Among Greek Gods?
How the World Was Created…according to GREEK Mythology
Out of CHAOS
(confusion)
emerged two beings…

OCEANUS

TETHYS

(ruled the sea)

GAEA
(Mother Earth)

URANUS
(Heavens)

whose CHILDREN were 12 TITANS…

including these 8…

HYPERION
(sun)

THEA
(moon)

RHEA
(Great Mother)

THEMIS
(Law & Justice)

MNEMOSYNE
(memory)

and MONSTERS

HECATONCHIRES

3 CYCLOPES

(hundred hands)

(one-eyed)

THE PLOT:

 URANUS hated all of his children, but particularly the

monsters…and these he sent to TARTARUS (the underworld)

 GAEA asked the TITANS to rescue the monsters but only

CRONUS agreed to help…and he overthrew his father

 …from URANUS’ blood came GIANTS (fierce fighters – more like

men than Gods) and ERINYES (the furies – with serpents for hair

and wings to fly)

 CRONUS and RHEA eventually got married!

CRONUS
(youngest & strongest)

Now ruler of the earth

Who’s Who Among Greek Gods?

Cronus

Rhea

Hestia

3 Daughters
Demeter

and they had 6 children

Hera

Hades

3 Sons
Poseidon

Zeus


Cronus, fearing that his children would destroy him, swallowed all of them but Zeus (who escaped with help from his mother). When Zeus grew up, he and Rhea waged a war against Cronus.


A LOOOONG battle followed – Cronus disgorged his children. Zeus received help from his brothers and sisters…but also from the monsters who gave him weapons. Cronus received help from some of his own brothers and sisters – the Titans – yet he was defeated by Zeus.

So - - Zeus divided the world with his brothers and sisters (and himself)

Hestia
Goddess of Hearth and Home

Demeter
Goddess of Agriculture

Hera
Queen of the Gods
Goddess of Women, Marriage, and Childbirth

Hades
in charge of the Underworld

Poseidon
in charge of Oceans –
(but also horses and earthquakes)

Zeus
in charge of the Gods and Men
ruled from Mt. Olympus

Who’s Who Among Greek Gods?

The Gods lived on Mt. Olympus (10,000 feet altitude) between Macedonia and Thessaly. Its top is always covered with snow.

Zeus

In charge of everything - gods and man, good and evil, law and order…even the weather!

Maia
mother of
Hermes
Gods’ messenger. God of oratory, patron of travelers.
father of
Pan
A wood nymph, God of lonely scenes - -
followers called SATYRS.

Alcmene
mother of
Heracles
the hero.

had 12 wives…6 of them are listed below

Themis
Goddess of Law and Justice

Leto
mother of

Demeter
Goddess of Earth and Crops mother of

Apollo
God of sun, song, music, prophecy, and led the choir of
music.

Artemis
Goddess of moon, healing, the chase, purity in women.

Persephone
Goddess of Springtime

Mnemosyne
mother of

Clio
history

Euterpe
lyric poetry music

Thalia
comedy

The Muses

Melpomene
tragedy

Terpsichore
dancing & chorus

Polyhymnia
religious poetry

Erato
love poetry

Urania
astronomy

Caliope
epic poetry

The Council of Gods serving on
Mt. Olympus had 13 members.* They were: Zeus, Hera, Athena, Ares, Apollo, Hestia, Poseidon, Hades, Hephaestus, Artemis, Hermes, Aphrodite, and Demeter.
*They ate nectar and ambrosia

Eurynome
Hestia
Goddess of hearth and family. Couldn’t marry. Most Greek communities had a
shrine to her.

Semele
mother of
Dionysus
God of wine, fertility, and drama

Who’s Who Among Greek Gods?

Zeus

…above all were 3 MOIRAE (fates) – to whom even ZEUS was obedient.

CLOTHO
who spun the web of life

LACHESIS
who gave each man his fate

ATROPUS
who cuts out the fatal web

had 12 wives…(the other) 6 of them are listed below

Dione
mother of

Hera
mother of

Europa

Aphrodite
Goddess of beauty. Could make any woman beautiful with her magic.

Iris
Hera’s attendant. Goddess of rainbow

Metis
mother of
Athena
Goddess of wisdom. Patroness of fine arts. Born from Zeus’ head.

Maenads
Female followers of Dionysus

Hebe
Goddess of Youth. Cupbearer to other gods.
Married Heracles.

Proteus
Poseidon’s attendant

Poseidon
God of the sea

Amphitrite
One of NEREIDS

their son
Triton

Ares
God of war. Rode chariot dressed in armor. Symbols: spear and burning torch

Ilithyia
Hades
Ruler of underworld

Hephaestus
in charge of fire. The blacksmith of the Gods.
Hecate
Queen of underworld Goddess of Sorcery

Who’s Who Among Greek Gods?
How the World Was Created…according to GREEK Mythology
And the others include…

Minor Gods
 Dike – goddess of justice  Nemesis – spirit of just anger and
punishment  Nike – goddess of victory  Phosphor – morning star  Hesperus – evening star  Aeolus – king of the four winds  3 Charities (Graces)  3 Horae (seasons)

Minor Nature Deities
(nymphs)
 Dryads – lived in trees as long as the tree lived
 Nereids – 50 half fish, half woman; lived in the oceans
 Naiads – lived in fresh water  Oreads – lived in mountains and
grottoes

“Monsters”
 Scylla – ate sailors  Charybdis – swallowed the sea  Sirens – half bird, half woman; lured
sailor to ruin by their singing  3 Erinyes – caught unpunished
sinners  Cerberus – 3-headed dog guarded
the gate to the underworld so no one could leave

3 Regions of the Underworld

Tartarus
A place of misery and torture. Titans lived here as well as…  Tantalus: for killing his son; stood
just out of reach of food and water  Ixion: condemned to be chained to a
wheel that kept rolling downhill  Sisyphus: condemned to roll a wheel
uphill over and over again  Tityus: for insulting Leto; gnawed by
vultures  Danaids: for killing their husbands;
had to carry water in a sieve

Elysium
In the West; ruled by Cronus, a paradise which had its own sun and stars. Great poets came here.

Orpheus lived here

Son of Apollo & Calliope

And it was here he met and fell in love with Eurydice.

Acheron
A place where people wandered aimlessly. Home of the majority of those who died.
Here lived 3 gods:  Hypnos: god of sleep  Thanatos – god of death  Morpheus – god of dreams

Preparing to load PDF file. please wait...

0 of 0
100%
Who’s Who Among Greek Gods? Resource Packet