Communist Party of India (Marxist) Constitution The Rules


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Communist Party of India (Marxist) Constitution & The Rules
Under the Constitution
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ARTICLE I Name
The name of the Party shall be Communist Party of India (Marxist).
ARTICLE II AIM
The Communist Party of India (Marxist) is the revolutionary vanguard of the working class of India. Its aim is socialism and communism through the establishment of the state of dictatorship of the proletariat. In all its activities the Party is guided by the philosophy and principles of Marxism-Leninism which shows to the toiling masses the correct way to the ending of exploitation of man by man, their complete emancipation. The Party keeps high the banner of proletarian internationalism.
ARTICLE III Flag
The flag of the Party shall be a red flag of which the length shall he one-and-a half times its width. At the centre of the flag there shall be a crossed hammer and sickle in white.
ARTICLE IV Membership
1. Any person residing in India, eighteen years of age or above who accepts the Programme and Constitution of the Party, agrees to work in one of the Party organisations, to pay regularly the Party membership dues (fee and levy as may be prescribed) and to carry out decisions of the Party shall be eligible for Party membership.
2. (a) New members are admitted to the Party through individual application on the recommendation of two Party members. Party members who recommend an applicant must furnish the Party Branch or the unit concerned, full information about the applicant from personal knowledge and with due sense of responsibility. The Party Branch shall make recommendation to the next higher committee, if the applicant is to be
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admitted. The next higher committee takes a decision on all recommendations. (b) All Party committees higher to the Party Branch and up to the Central Committee level have the power to directly admit new members to the Party.
3. (a) All applications for Party membership must be placed before the appropriate committee within a month of their presentation and recommendation. (b) If the applicant is admitted to the Party, he or she shall be regarded as a candidate member for a period of one year commencing from the date of such admission.
4. If a leading member from another political party of local, district or state level comes to the Party, in addition to the sanction of Local Party Committee or District or State Committee, it is necessary to have the sanction of the next higher committee of the Party before he or she is admitted to membership of the Party. In exceptional cases the Central Committee or the State Committee can admit such members to full membership of the Party. And whenever a State Committee admits such members it should obtain previous sanction from the Central Committee.
5. Members once expelled from the Party can be re-admitted only by the decision of the Party Committee which confirmed their expulsion or by a higher committee.
6. Candidate members have the same duties and rights as full members except that they have no right to elect or be elected, or to vote on any motion.
7. The Party branch recommending or the Party committee admitting candidate members shall arrange for their elementary education on the Programme, Constitution and the current policies of the Party and observe their development, through providing for their functioning as members of a Party branch or unit.
8. By the end of the period of candidature, the Party branch or Party committee concerned shall discuss whether the candidate member is qualified to full membership. If a candidate member is found unfit, the Party branch or committee shall cancel his or her candidate membership. A report on admission to full membership shall be regularly forwarded by the branch or the Party committee concerned to the next higher committee.
9. The higher committee may, on scrutiny of the report, alter or modify any such decision after consultation with the branch or the Party committee
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which has submitted the report. The District and State Committee will exercise supervisory power over the recruitment of candidates and over admissions to full membership and have the right to modify or reject the decision of the lower committee in this respect.
10. A Party member may transfer his or her membership from one unit to another, with the approval of his or her unit and by sending his or her application through his or her unit to the higher unit under whose jurisdiction the concerned units function.
ARTICLE V Party Pledge
Every person joining the Party shall sign the Party Pledge. This Pledge shall be: “I accept the aims and objectives of the Party and agree to abide by its Constitution and loyally to carry out decisions of the Party.
“I shall strive to live up to the ideals of communism and shall selflessly serve the working class and the toiling masses and the country, always placing the interests of the Party and the people above personal interests.”
ARTICLE VI Party Membership Records
All membership records shall be kept under the supervision of the District Committee.
ARTICLE VII Check-up of Party Membership
1. There shall be annual check-up of Party membership by the Party organisation to which the Party member belongs. Any Party member who for a continuous period and without proper reason has failed to take part in Party life and activity or to pay Party dues shall be dropped from Party membership.
2. A report on check-up of Party membership by a Branch or a Party committee concerned shall be sent to the next higher committee for confirmation and registration.
3. There shall be right of appeal on decisions of droppage from Party membership.
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ARTICLE VIII Resignation from Party membership
1. A Party member wishing to resign from the Party shall summit his or her resignation to the Party branch or to the Party unit to which he or she belongs. The unit concerned may accept the same, decide to strike his or her name off the rolls and report the matter to the next higher committee. If the resignation is on political grounds the unit may refuse to accept the resignation and may expel him.
2. In the case where a Party member wishing to resign from the Party is liable to be charged with serious violation of party discipline which may warrant his or her expulsion and where such a charge is substantial, the resignation may be given effect to as expulsion from the Party.
3. All such cases of resignations given effect to as expulsion shall be immediately reported to the next higher Party committee and be subject to the latter’s confirmation.
ARTICLE IX Membership Fee
1. All Party members as well as candidates shall pay a Party membership fee of rupees two per year. This annual Party fee shall be paid at the time of admission into the Party and by March end of each year to the branch or unit secretary by the member concerned. If he or she does not clear the fee in due time his or her name shall be removed from the Party rolls. The Central Committee may extend this date if the circumstances warrant such extension.
2. All Party fees collected from Party members by Party branches or units will be deposited with the Central Committee through the appropriate Party committees.
ARTICLE X Party Levy
Every Party member must pay a monthly levy as laid down by the Central Committee. Those whose incomes are of annual or of seasonal character have to pay their levy at the beginning of the season or at the beginning of every quarter on the same percentage basis. If a member has failed to deposit his levy within three months after it is due, then his name is to be removed from the Party rolls.
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ARTICLE XI Duties of Party Members
1. The duties of the Party members are as follows: (a) To regularly participate in the activity of the Party organisation to which they belong and to faithfully carry out the policy, decisions and the directives of the Party; (b) To study Marxism-Leninism and endeavour to raise their level of understanding; (c) To read, support and popularise the Party journals and Party publications; (d) To observe the Party Constitution and Party discipline and behave in the spirit of proletarian internationalism and in accordance with the noble ideals of communism; (e) To place the interests of the people and the Party above personal interests; (f) To devotedly serve the masses and consistently strengthen their bonds with them, to learn from the masses and report their opinions and demands to the Party, to work in a mass organisation, unless exempted, under the guidance of the Party. (g) To cultivate comradely relations towards one another the constantly develop a fraternal spirit within the Party; (h) To practice criticism an self-criticism with a view to helping each other and improving individual and collective work; (i) To be frank, honest and truthful to the Party and not to betray the confidence of the Party; (j) To safeguard the unity and solidarity of the Party and to be vigilant against the enemies of the working class and the country; (k) To defend the Party and uphold its cause against the onslaught of the enemies of the Party, the working class and the country.
2. It shall be the task of the Party organisation to ensure the fulfillment of the above duties by Party members and help them in every possible way in the discharge of these duties.
ARTICLE XII Rights of Party Members
1. Rights of the Party members are as following: (a) To elect Party organs and Party committees and be elected to them; (b) To participate in discussion in order to contribute to the formation of the Party policy and of the decisions of the Party; (c) To make proposals regarding one’s own work in the Party; (d) To make criticism about Party committees and Party functionaries at Party meetings;
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(e) To be heard in person in his or her unit when a Party unit discusses disciplinary action against him or her;
(f) When any Party member disagrees with any decision of a Party committee on organization he or she has a right to submit his or her opinion to the next higher committee. In case of political difference a member has the right to submit his or her opinion to the higher committee up to the Central Committee. In all such cases the Party member shall, of course, carry out the Party decisions and the difference shall be sought to be resolved through the test of practice and through comradely discussions;
(g) To address any statement, appeal or complaint to any higher Party organisation up to and including the Central Committee.
2. It shall be the duty of Party organisations and Party functionaries to see that these rights are respected
ARTICLE XIII Principles of Democratic Centralism
1. The structure of the Party is based on, and its internal life is guided by, the principles of democratic centralism. Democratic centralism means centralised leadership based on inner-Party democracy under the guidance of the centralised leadership.
In the sphere of the Party structure, the guiding principles of democratic centralism are:
(a) All Party organs from top to bottom shall be elected; (b) The minority shall carry out the decisions of the majority; the lower Party
organisations shall carry out the decision and directives of the higher Party organs, the individual shall subordinate himself to the will of the collective. All Party organisations shall carry out the decisions and directives of the Party Congress and of the Central Committee; (c) All Party committees shall periodically report their work to the Party organisation immediately below and all lower committees shall likewise report to their immediate higher committee; (d) All Party committees, particularly the leading Party committees, shall pay constant heed to the opinions and criticism of the lower Party organisations and the rank-and-file Party members; (e) All Party committees shall function strictly on the principles of collective decisions and check-up combined with individual responsibility; (f) All questions of international affairs, questions of all-India character, or questions concerning more than one state or questions requiring uniform decisions for the whole country, shall be decided upon by the all-India
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Party organisations. All questions of a state or district character shall be ordinarily decided upon by the corresponding Party organisations. But in no case shall such decisions run counter to the decisions of a higher Party organisation. When the Central Party leadership has to take a decision on any issue of major state importance, it shall do so normally after consultation with the state Party organisation concerned. The state organisation shall do likewise in relation to districts; (g) On issues which affect the policy of the Party on an all-India scale, but on which the Party’s standpoint is to be expressed for the first time, only the Central leadership of the Party is entitled to make a policy statement. The lower committees can and should send their opinions and suggestions in time for consideration by the Central leadership.
2. Basing itself upon the experience of the entire Party membership and of the popular movement, in the sphere of the internal life of the Party, the following principles of democratic centralism are applied:
(a) Free and frank discussion within the Party unit on all questions affecting the Party, its policy and work;
(b) Sustained efforts to activise the Party members in popularising and implementing the Party policies, to raise their ideological-political level and improve their general education so that they can effectively participate in the life and work of the Party;
(c) When serious differences arise in a Party committee, every effort should be made to arrive at an agreement. Failing this, the decision should be postponed with a view to resolving differences through further discussions, unless an immediate decision is called for by the needs of the Party and the mass movement;
(d) Encouragement of criticism and self-criticism at all levels, from top to bottom, especially criticism from below;
(e) Consistent struggles against bureaucratic tendencies at all levels; (f) Impermissibility of factionalism and factional groupings inside the Party
in any form; (g) Strengthening of the Party spirit by developing fraternal relations and
mutual help, correcting mistakes by treating comrades sympathetically; judging them and their work not on the basis of isolated mistakes or incidents, but taking into account their whole record of service to the Party.
ARTICLE XIV All-India Party Congress
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1. The supreme organ of the Party for the whole country shall be the All-India Party Congress.
(a) The regular Party Congress shall be convened by the Central Committee ordinarily once every three years.
(b) An Extraordinary Party Congress shall be called by the Central Committee at its own discretion, or when it is demanded by two or more State Committees representing not less than one-third of the total Party membership.
(c) The date and venue of the Party Congress or of the Extraordinary Party Congress shall be decided by the Central Committee at a meeting especially called for the purpose.
(d) Regular Party Congress shall be composed of delegates elected by the State Conferences as well as by Conferences of Party units directly under the all-India Party Centre.
(e) The basis of representation at a regular Party Congress and the basis of representation and method of election of delegates to the Extraordinary Party Congress shall be decided by the Central Committee on the basis of total Party membership, strength of the mass movements led by the Party, strength of the Party in the respective States.
(f) The members of the Central Committee shall have the right to participate as full delegates in the Party Congress, whether regular or extraordinary.
2. Functions and powers of the regular Party Congress are as follows:
(a) To discuss and act on the political and organisational report of the Central Committee;
(b) To revise and change the Party Programme and the Party Constitution. (c) To determine the Party line on current situation; (d) To elect the Central Committee by secret ballot.
3. It elects a Credentials Committee which goes into the credentials of all the delegates and submits a report to the Congress.
4. The Congress shall elect a Presidium for the conduct of its business.
ARTICLE XV Central Committee
1. (a) The Central Committee shall be elected at the Party Congress, the numbers being decided by the Party Congress.
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(b) The outgoing Central Committee shall propose to the Congress a panel of candidates. (c) The panel of candidates shall be prepared with a view to creating a capable leadership, closely linked with the masses, firm in the revolutionary outlook of the working class and educated in Marxism-Leninism. (d) Any delegate can raise objection with regard to any name in the panel
proposed as well as propose any new name or names, but the prior approval of the member whose name is proposed is necessary. (e) Any one whose name has been proposed shall have the right to withdraw. (f) The panel proposed, together with the additional nominations by the delegates, shall be voted upon by secret ballot, and by the method of single distributive vote. In case there is no additional nomination, approval of the delegates will be taken by show of hands.
2. The Central Committee shall be the highest authority of the Party between two all-India Party Congress.
3. It is responsible for enforcing the Party Constitution and carrying out the political line and decisions adopted by the Party Congress.
4. The Central Committee shall represent the Party as a whole and be responsible for directing the entire work of the Party. The Central Committee shall have the right to take decisions with full authority on any question facing the Party.
5. The Central Committee shall elect from among it members a Polit Bureau including the General Secretary. The number of members in the Polit Bureau shall be decided by the Central Committee. The Polit Bureau carries on the work of the Central Committee between its two sessions and has the right to take political and organisational decisions in between two meetings of the Central Committee.
(a) The Central Committee shall elect a Secretariat from among its members. The number of members of the Secretariat shall be decided by the Central Committee. The Secretariat will, under the guidance of the Polit Bureau, look after the day-to-day work of the Party Centre and assist the Polit Bureau in the implementation of Central Committee decisions.
6. The election of the secretaries of the State Committees and of editors of state Party organs shall require the approval of the Central Committee.
7. (a) The Central Committee shall remove any member from itself for gross breach of discipline, misconduct or for anti-Party activity by two-thirds of
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Communist Party of India (Marxist) Constitution The Rules