Difference between Ramayana and Ramcharitmanas


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Difference between Ramayana and Ramcharitmanas is explained here in detail. Ramayana was written by Sage Valmiki. Experts estimate that it may have been written anywhere between 7th Century BCE to 4th Century BCE, whereas Ramcharitmanas was written by 16th Century Indian Bhakti poet Tulsidas. The difference between Ramayana vs Ramcharitmanas given here can help in understanding the basics better and know their comparisons thoroughly.
Aspirants would find the related links provided in this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam​.

The major differences between Ramayana and Ramcharitmanas are:

Ramayana

Ramcharitmanas

Ramayana was written by Sage Valmiki, who Ramcharitmanas was written by Tulsidas. was a contemporary of Lord Rama.

Ramayana was written in Sanskrit Language. Ramcharitmanas was written in Awadhi Language.

Ramayana was written in Treta Yuga.

Ramcharitmanas was written Kaliyuga

Ramayana is composed of seven chapters Balakandam, Ayodhyakandam, Aranyakandam, Kishkinda kandam, Sundara kandam, Yuddha kandam and Uttara kandam.

Ramcharitmanas is composed of seven chapters with just one difference that Tulsidas changed Yuddha kandam to Lanka Kand.

Slokas format was used to write Ramayana

Chaupais format was used to write Ramcharitmanas

As per Ramayana, King Dasaratha had 350 wives, out of which 3 main wives were Kausalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi.

As per Ramcharitmanas, King Dasaratha had only 3 wives.

As per Ramayana, Lord Hanuman was a Human who belonged to the Vanara Tribe.

As per Ramcharitmanas, Lord Hanuman is depicted as a Monkey

As per Ramayana, King Janaka did not organise any Swayamavara for Sita. When Rama visited Janaka along with Sage Vishwamitra, Rama was shown the Bow of Shiva, which was effortlessly lifted by Lord Rama. Hence Goddess Sita was married to Lord Rama.

As per Ramcharitmanas, King Janaka had organised a Swayamvar for the marriage of Sita. To win the hand of Sita, Rama had to break the bow of Lord Shiva. No other kings were able to even lift the bow, Lord Rama not only lifted the Bow of Lord Shiva effortlessly but also broke it by pulling the strings. Thus Lord Rama was married to Goddess Sita.

As per Valmiki’s Ramayana, the real Sita was kidnapped by Ravana.

As per Tulsidas Ramayana, Ravana did not kidnap real Sita, rather the person kidnapped by Ravana was a clone of real Sita. The real Sita was handed over to Lord Agni by Lord Rama before the kidnapping event took place.

As per Valmiki’s Ramayana, Sita was asked to prove her purity to the world by Agni Pariksha.

As per Tulisdas Ramcharitmanas, Agniparksha was simply an act to exchange real Sita with the Clone of Sita.

As per Valmiki’s Ramayana, Ravana faced Rama twice in the battlefield. In the first battle Ravana was badly defeated in the battlefield, but he was given an opportunity to retreat by Rama. In the second battle, Rama once again defeated Ravana and killed him on the battlefield.

As per Tulsidas in Ramcharitmanas, Ravana fought with Rama only once in the battlefield, it was at the end of the War. Ravana was killed by Rama in the only battle that took place between the two of them.

In Valmiki’s Ramayana, Rama was depicted as a human with exceptional conduct and

In Ramcharitmanas, Rama was depicted as an avatar or an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

virtues. Hence Rama was called Maryada Purshottam.

The actions of Rama were described as the right way to establish Dharma in the world by removing evil.

In Valmiki’s Ramayana, Rama drowned his mortal body in the River Sarayu after the loss of his wife Goddess Sita who had vanished into mother Earth and the drowning of his brother Lakshmana in the River Sarayu.

In Ramcharitmanas, Tulsidas does not mention anything about the death of Lakshmana or disappearance of Sita. Ramayana ends with the birth of Lava and Kush, the twin sons of Lord Rama and Goddess Sita.

These are the main differences between Ramayanal and Ramcharitmanas.The differences given in the above table can help anyone understand the major differences between Ramayana Ramcharitmanas in a very short and crisp manner.
After learning about the Ramayana and Ramcharitmanas difference, it is better to know the details of the Origins, Saints and Timelines of Bhakti Movement, 4 different types of Vedas, major facts and importance of Rig Veda, and Vedic Literature thoroughly. Visit the below-given links to learn about Difference between History and Prehistory, Difference between History and Mythology, Difference between Bhakti and Sufi Movements, Difference between Nayanars and Alvars. Also visit the below given link on NCERT Notes for Art, Culture, Literature & Architecture.
● NCERT Notes: Bhakti Movement - Origins, Saints, Timeline ● Types of Vedas - Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda & Atharvaveda ● NCERT Ancient Indian History Notes: Rig Veda - Major Facts and Importance ● Vedic Literature - Vedas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas & Upanishads ● Difference between Bhakti and Sufi Movements ● Difference between Early Vedic Period and Later Vedic Period ● Difference between History and Mythology ● Difference between Nayanars and Alvars ● Difference between History and Prehistory ● NCERT Notes: Art, Culture, Literature & Architecture ● NCERT Notes: Medieval Indian History
UPSC Civil Service Exam aspirants should diligently study the ​NCERT Ancient Indian History Notes​, as it is an extremely important component of UPSC Civil Service Exam Syllabus.
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Difference between Ramayana and Ramcharitmanas